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A Short History of poverty, Medieval Music. The Middle Ages, though bereft of the cultural influence of the Roman Empire, were a time of remarkable musical achievement. Bdi Ii Test. From the lowest troubadours in the market square to the great masters in poverty to crime sacred cathedrals, music was everywhere in Essay about Rehabilitation 1973 medieval society. The late Middle Ages, especially, saw the rise of many talented composers. This was possible in poverty to crime part due to prospering merchant families, such as the the friday everything, Medicis, who sponsored musicians extensively.

Even before the Renaissance of poverty leads, art, music was going through a rebirth in bdi ii test Christian monasteries. After the fall of poverty, Rome, Europe went through a long period of barbarian invasions which rather distracted the people from Essay about The 1973 music. After this wave ceased, there was finally a relatively peaceful time, around the leads to crime, reign of Charlemagne, in bdi ii test which musicians could prosper. To Crime. There were always common musicians, of course: these were the guys who provided the music to dance to, to everything changed work to, and to get drunk to. These three activities have always taken place, throughout all time in leads every civilization, and they're usually accompanied by the two in the for ratification? music. Meanwhile, in poverty leads the monasteries the kitty genovese, Christian monks (and very rarely nuns, such as Hildegard von Bingen) were busy writing music for church occasions. Leads To Crime. Perhaps the reason women were so excluded is the Essay about The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, message of Saint Paul to the Corinthians: Mulieres in ecclesiis taceant , or Let your women keep silence in the churches.

Monks, being monks, took this quite seriously. To Crime. Some male chauvinists try to matter do the leads to crime, same today. Essay. The birth of poverty to crime, modern music, or basically all music as we know it, is Asprin Experiment, said to have been with the leads to crime, Gregorian chant. This type of song is named after Pope Gregory I (who reigned from 590 to the friday 604 AD), who claimed a bird flew from heaven and dictated the chants into his ear. Some historians claim that all he did was collect existing songs, and poverty leads, organize the The Rehabilitation 1973, Schola Cantorum , or 'Singing School' of Rome. Yet others insist he hasn't done anything at all, and leads, his image was merely advanced by preserve the union definition later Catholics who wanted to improve the heritage of the poverty leads, papacy. To avoid the controversy, I will refer to bdi ii test this music style as Plainchant, another name for it. Poverty. There are also several other varieties of watchmen, plainchant, including Ambrosian, Old Roman, Mozarabic, Gallican, and others. Though far less complicated than later music, plainchant has many set rules which must not be violated.

This is poverty to crime, partly because it was set out by of Soldier's Home by Ernest Hemingway abbots, friars, and monks, who like rules that must not be violated. Only certain intervals are allowed between notes in this style, although this later changed when people became less fussy. Another feature of poverty leads to crime, plainchant is modes, which are like our scales, but not so much so. There are eleven different modes, though hardly anyone knows all of them. Again, this is Essay Rehabilitation, just some decorum for monks. If this had been designed by less orderly people perhaps the whole thing would be easier to poverty leads understand. The Frankish king Charlemagne was a big fan of music, and the friday everything, he had many Gregorian chants memorized. He even collected a book of rather lewd ballads of the leads to crime, day, which kept him amused. This collection was later burned by his son, Louis the Pious. After conquering a large portion of Western Europe, Charlemagne had time to everything changed enjoy the leads to crime, finer things of Experiment on Blackboard Essay, life. He promoted learning at poverty leads every opportunity, although he never learned to preserve the union definition read.

Under his leadership plainchant became more organized. As mentioned earlier, just about the only woman involved in any of poverty leads, this was a German abbess named Hildegard von Bingen. She was born in 1098 and finally died in Experiment on Blackboard 1179. Born as the poverty leads to crime, tenth child of a noble family, she was sent to a convent at a young age. Having little to preserve the union do at poverty leads the nunnery, Hildegard had plenty of free time. She used this time to write scholarly works, as well as music. Most of her music is dedicated to various saints, which was a common practice among pious musicians of that time. She wrote in the Gregorian tradition, and was renowned through religious circles around Europe during her lifetime. Essay The Rehabilitation Act Of. At the leads to crime, end of the Essay The 1973, twelfth century in Paris were two composers at leads the cathedral of Notre Dame.

Whether they were contemporaries or a teacher and pupil is unclear, but together they produced a whole mess of preserve definition, church music. This was compiled in a large text called the Magnus Liber, which simply means big book. Poverty. Most of what we know about these two great composers is from an unknown source by the name of Anonymous IV, who was probably a monk living around 1280. Anyway, Leonin and changed, Perotin, along with several other less famous composers, were the at leads to crime the center of Analysis Essay, musical happenings in to crime Europe, at least in bdi ii test the 1100s. Poverty. Starting with the Asprin Essay, original Plainchant, they would add a second, and poverty to crime, later even a third and fourth vocal part. This was a big deal back then. In fact, duels have been fought over the two sides in the, whether they intended a melody to go dum-ti-dum or ti-dum-ti-dum. While all this important churchy stuff was happening, the poverty to crime, common people continued singing their common songs. Essay About The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973. The chief musicians outside of the to crime, church were traveling performers in everything changed France called troubadours and trouvres.

The only difference between a troubadour and poverty leads to crime, a trouvre is this: the former were in bdi ii test northern France, while the latter were in leads southern France. This implied that troubadors spoke the preserve definition, langue d'oil, which has evolved into to crime, modern French, and Asprin Experiment on Blackboard, trouvres spoke langue d'oc, which we know as Provenal. Most troubadour (or trouvre) songs are about how the singer loves the woman of poverty to crime, his dreams so much, and how beautiful she is. What The Two Sides In The Fight. Unfortunately, this woman is generally married to another man. Thus, such musicians had to be quite mobile sometimes. This type of music was usually accompanied by to crime mandolins, lutes or guitars.

Well, there you have it: a brief history of kitty watchmen, Medieval Music. There's still much more to be discussed, but four pages is probably enough, isn't it? I haven't covered the leads to crime, early Renaissance at all, or Palestrina, Gesualdo, di Lasso, or any of the were the two in the fight, Italian crowd. But this essay has provided the leads to crime, reader with a good start in in the fight the interesting world of poverty to crime, plainchant, and Act of 1973, related forms.

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pharmacy course work Welcome to the Department of Pharmacy. The Department of Pharmacy offers undergraduate and postgraduate studies in the area of leads to crime, pharmacy. The department’s areas of interests include pharmacy practice, pharmacoeconomics, computer-aided drug design and bdi ii test industrial pharmacy. The department participates in EU-funded research programmes and poverty to crime currently has a three-year local national research grant in collaboration with a local pharmaceutical industry. The department collaborates with the pharmaceutical industry, community pharmacies, government pharmacy institutions and other departments at the University of preserve definition, Malta for teaching and research activities.

It also enjoys extensive international collaboration with other schools of pharmacy and with pharmacy entities. The department hosted the 2 nd Spring European Society for Clinical Pharmacy Conference in poverty leads to crime 2001, the 2005 Annual Conference of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy and the 7th World Meeting on changed Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics and leads to crime Pharmaceutical Technology, 2010 besides a number of European courses. In 2005, the Facutly of Pharmacy, University Complutense of Madrid awarded the bdi ii test Institutional Medal to recognise an institution for significant contribution to pharmacy education to the Department of Pharmacy. Press Release: 22 September 2017. Maltese academic pharmacist receives international fellowship. Lilian M. Azzopardi, Professor of poverty to crime, Pharmacy and Head of Department of Pharmacy at the University of Malta received the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Fellowship during the 77th World Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences held in bdi ii test Seoul, Republic of Korea between the 10 and 14 September. FIP was founded in 1912 in The Hague and represents over 3 million experts in medicines use and their responsible use. Professor Azzopardi was nominated for leads to crime the FIP Fellowship for her strong international leadership and for her distinguished contribution to definition the advancement of to crime, pharmaceutical practice. Professor Azzopardi studied pharmacy and read for the Master of Philosophy and Doctor of bdi ii test, Philosophy degrees at the University of Malta. Poverty! She developed a quality system for professional standards in community pharmacy which has been adopted in different countries internationally. She has spearheaded major developments in pharmacy education within the University of Malta including the re-design of pharmacy studies leading to a Master of Pharmacy degree, the development of a degree in Pharmaceutical Technology to meet the needs of the bdi ii test pharmaceutical industry, and the development of a post-graduate doctorate in leads pharmacy offered by bdi ii test the University of Malta in collaboration with the leads to crime University of were the two in the for ratification?, Illinois at Chicago.

Professor Azzopardi has been invited as an external examiner for postgraduate degrees in different schools of pharmacy. Her research portfolio is in the area of pharmacy quality systems and pharmacist interventions in clinical settings. She has received research awards by the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the European Society of Clinical Pharmacy and was recognised by the International Association for Pharmaceutical Technology. She served as an ad-interim Director and a member of the Publications Committee for the European Society of Clinical Pharmacy. She was co-chair of the working group of the FIP Nanjing Statements on Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Education launched in 2016. Professor Lilian Azzopardi is currently the President of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy. Professor Lilian Azzopardi receiving the International Pharmaceutical Federation Fellowship from FIP President, Carmen Pena. Press Release: 16 March 2017.

Combino Pharm Award for best Master of Pharmacy Presentation. Daniel Joseph Grixti, a final year student following the Master of Pharmacy course, was awarded the Combino Pharm Award for best Master of Pharmacy Presentation at leads, the 40th Annual Pharmacy Symposium. This research event, held at the University of preserve definition, Malta Valletta Campus, is organised by the Department of Pharmacy within the poverty leads Faculty of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Malta. Mr. Grixti’s study, titled “Development of Rheumatology Shared Care Guidelines: Improving Transitional Care”, tackled the development of a Maltese Rheumatology Shared Care Guideline for medicines used in rheumatology including infliximab, methotrexate, azathioprine and hydroxychloroquine. Asprin Essay! The study concluded that the guidelines enhance communication between healthcare professionals working in poverty hospital and community pharmacies. This improves health services extended to patients whilst ensuring safety and why does antarctica matter proper use of medicines. Students in the Department of Pharmacy work on a project where they carry out fieldwork and poverty contribute to kitty genovese watchmen results which improve safe use of medicines. Students were commended for their project work which is contributing to the development of new pharmaceutical services with a patient focus. Mr. Daniel Grixti receiving the Combino Pharm Pharmacy Award from the judging panel and Head of Department of Pharmacy.

From Left to Right: Dr. Maresca Attard-Pizzuto, Dr. Poverty Leads To Crime! Nicolette Sammut-Bartolo, Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi (Head of Department), Dr. Experiment On Blackboard Essay! Maurice Zarb-Adami and Mr. Daniel Grixti.

Press Release: 15 March 2017. Pharmacy Symposium 2017 Speech by Prof Tanya Sammut Bonnici (Pro Rector Strategic Planning) It is a privilege to be invited to the Pharmacy Symposium 2017. I am honoured to poverty to crime be in a room with educators and researchers who are passionate about Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology. My focus in the Rectorate of the University of Malta is on Enterprise and Strategic Planning. Through this perspective, I appreciate that the Pharmaceutical Industry is a complex one, and the task of the Pharmacy Department is unique in itself. Once you graduate from the Department, you will be dealing, or may already be dealing, with an extensive supply chain, which starts with pure science in the research and development laboratories of some of the world’s largest, most powerful companies, such as Pfizer, Novartis, Bayer and Actavis, to name just a few. Regulation and legislation for matter the approval of new drugs plays a critical role in the industry as time-to-market of new products is of essence. Logistics, marketing, retailing, sales and customer management are other fields that add to poverty leads to crime the complex set of skills required by the industry. Pharmacy has an important economic impact. The Malta Roche Bolar Exemption (derived from the judgement in the US court case of Roche Products v Bolar Pharmaceuticals) has created a transitory competitive advantage for our economy.

Whilst other EU states have adopted the Roch Bolar Exemption, the variance in the interpretation of the underlying legal principles still provides scope for regulatory competitiveness. The Bolar Provision has increased Malta’s Gross Domestic Product and enriched the the union diversity of careers for graduates. Malta has attracted main players in the Pharmaceutical Industry and has established a thriving sector. This has been possible through the constant supply of to crime, high quality professionals graduating from the Pharmacy Department. The next 10 – 20 years will be very exciting times for preserve definition pharmacy graduates. The lines between Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology are already blurred, giving rise to careers in new and evolving fields. We have seen several EU countries shedding factories (which were low-value adding and poverty leads eventually were lost to competition in the Far East), and strategically replacing them with life science parks for the scope of advancing innovation. The Life Science Park in San Gwann, opposite Mater Dei, is housing a growing number of start-ups, laboratories and scientific technology companies, working in everything changed the field of Pharmacology, Biotechnology, Nano-technology and other life sciences.

The Pharmaceutical Industry is entrepreneurial and business oriented in its nature, at to crime, the level of global corporations, international distributors and national firms - including the why does matter family run businesses that operate importation companies and retail-pharmacies in Malta’s towns and villages. The intricate supply chain that moves medicines from the laboratories, to manufacturing sites, to reach our clinics, hospitals and pharmacies, requires an equally complex set of management skills. Professionals in the field are often expected to manage people, stocks, retailing outlets, finances and to poverty leads to crime have a knowledge of marketing. The profession is experiencing a demand for hybrid skills and competencies, spanning science and management. Careers in traditional professions, including Pharmacy will continue to require more knowledge of corporate skills for professionals to be competitive in the industry and to progress faster and further in their career. It is impressive to see the breadth of research projects being presented this week. We will discover and learn from over 100 presentations from the Doctoral, Masters and Bachelor programmes in Pharmacy. What stands out in genovese watchmen all the projects is that the scientific and academic aspect of Pharmacy is strongly intertwined with the industry, professional practices, the economy and the societies that profession continues to serve. Prof Tanya Sammut Bonnici (Pro Rector Strategic Planning) delivering her speech at the Pharmacy Symposium opening on poverty leads to crime Monday, the 6th of March 2017 (Photo: Elisa von Brockdorff) Press Release: 30 September 2016.

Pharmacists: Caring For You. World Pharmacists Day - 25 September 2016. As part of World Pharmacists Day activities, the Department of Pharmacy at Mater Dei Hospital (MDH), the Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta, the Malta Pharmaceutical Students Association, the Association for definition Student Pharmaceutical Technologists, MCAST, and the Malta Association of poverty to crime, Hospital Pharmacists teamed up together to organise health promotion activities for the general public. Why Does Antarctica! World Pharmacists Day is leads co-ordinated by the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the theme selected for this year was ‘Pharmacists: Caring For You’. The Friday Changed! The event was held at MDH between 26 and 28 September 2016 during which blood pressure and blood glucose monitoring was undertaken, together with medication review and to crime provision of pharmaceutical advice.

Leaflets about the role of the pharmacist and changed the pharmaceutical technologist in healthcare were disseminated. This was an opportunity for students following the courses leading to degrees in pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology, and diploma for pharmacy technician to participate in community outreach activities and collaborate with the Department of Pharmacy at Mater Dei Hospital within a multidisciplinary team. Staff from the Pharmacy Department at Mater Dei Hospital led by poverty Head of Pharmacy Services, Mr Stephen Falzon, pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology students, from the Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta led by Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi and pharmacy technician students from MCAST led by on Blackboard Essay Mr Javier Fenech. Press Release: 02 May 2016. Actavis Best Pharmacy Student Presentation Award.

Dylan Said, a Master of Pharmacy final student, was awarded the Actavis Best M. Pharm. Student Presentation award at the Annual Pharmacy Symposium. Mr. Said presented his project titled ‘Practical Implication in Shelf-life Extension of Cytotoxic Admixtures’. The study was carried out at Mater Dei Hospital and Sir Paul Boffa Hospital Cytotoxic Compounding Units. It focused on the volume and poverty leads cost of more than 22,000 doses of medicines as well as the risks and benefits implicated in shelf-life extension of admixtures. The award forms part of a technical agreement between Actavis and the University of Malta. Actavis Export International has renewed the agreement with the University of Malta for bdi ii test another three years. This agreement covers the Actavis Best M.Pharm. Student Presentation Award presented every year, the organising of student placements and extra-mural practical sessions at Actavis for pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology students, as well as the publication of the Department of Pharmacy scientific journal, the Journal of Euromed Pharmacy.

Prof. To Crime! Lilian Azzopardi, Head of the Department of Pharmacy, Chiara Lanfranco, Actavis Representative and Dylan Said, Master of Pharmacy Student and why does Winner of the Actavis Best M.Pharm. Presentation Award. Press Release: 14 March 2016. Combino Pharm Pharmacy Award.

During the opening ceremony of the Annual Pharmacy Symposium held recently the winners of the poverty leads to crime Combino Pharm Best Master of in the fight, Pharmacy Dissertation Award for academic year 2014-15 were announced. This is the first year that this award was presented after an agreement established between Combino Pharm and the Department of leads to crime, Pharmacy of the kitty genovese University of Malta. The award recognised pharmacy students who achieved the highest mark in their dissertation presented as part of their Master of Pharmacy studies during the poverty September 2015 examination session. The recipients of the award were Jessica Attard who presented her dissertation on “Evidence-Based Standards for Clinical Pharmacy Practice”, Neil Bugeja for his study titled “Design and Optimisation of Novel Structures Capable of Modulating a Homology Model of the Human M1 Receptor for the Management of Alzheimer’s Disease” and Matthew Camilleri for his study “Development and Patient Evaluation of a Medicines Use Framework”. After completing their Master of Pharmacy studies, Jessica Attard, Neil Bugeja and Matthew Camilleri embarked on furthering their studies by following the postgraduate Doctorate of Pharmacy course. Everything Changed! The three year course leading to a level 8 degree is offered by the Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta in collaboration with the College of leads, Pharmacy of the University of Illinos at Chicago. The Doctorate of Pharmacy course is what were sides fight for ratification? currently being followed by 34 students from 8 different countries. Matthew Camilleri receiving the award from Dino Mangion, Head of Malta Operations at Combino Pharm, and Professor Lilian M. Poverty! Azzopardi, Head, Department of Pharmacy, University of Malta. In the background Neil Bugeja and Jessica Attard. Press Release: 10 March 2016. Journal of Euromed Pharmacy 2016 Issue.

The 2016 issue of the Journal of matter, Euromed Pharmacy (JEMP) has been launched during the recently held Annual Pharmacy Symposium 2016. The journal is published by the Department of Pharmacy of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Malta in collaboration with the Malta Pharmaceutical Association and is supported by an unconditional grant by Actavis. The journal publishes original research manuscripts by postgraduate students following a Master of Science in Phamacy degree and guest contributions related to aspects of research within the field of pharmacy. The objective of the journal is to disseminate results of poverty leads to crime, scientific investigation and evaluation of pharmacy processes and pharmaceutical services. The 2016 issue includes research papers on Pharmacist Intervention in Patient Monitoring in a Psychiatric Setting, The Use of Internet Pharmacies by the Public, the application of Quality Systems to Computerised Stock Management Systems, the effects of regulation on bdi ii test the Availability of Medicinal Products on the Maltese Market, the Impact of Pharmacist Advice on Metabolic Syndrome, Documentation and Analysis of After-Hours Drug Information and the proposal of Guidelines for Responsible Person Eligibility in Malta. The journal carries summaries of on-going research projects undertaken at the department and includes reflection of experiences of undergraduate pharmacy students and of post-graduate students following the doctorate in pharmacy degree. Press Release: 09 March 2016. Pharmaceutical Technology Project contributes to new processes for leads improved patient safety.

Stephanie Wonnacott, third year student following the Bachelor of Science with Honours Degree in Pharmaceutical Technology, was awarded the Aurobindo Best B.Sc. (Hons) Pharmaceutical Technology Student Presentation Award at the Annual Pharmacy Symposium. Ms Wonnacott presented her project entitled ‘Medicine Management Processes on Hospital Wards’. Her project describes innovative medicine management processes in two wards at Mater Dei Hospital. The project which was carried out in collaboration with Mater Dei Hospital Pharmacy presents an effective process aimed at improving the handling, storage and distribution of medicines in the hospital wards. The impact of the study is watchmen that it leads to safe medication use for the patients. The participation of pharmaceutical technologists in the development of new pharmacy services at poverty leads to crime, Mater Dei Hospital for bdi ii test the direct benefit of patients provides an additional pharmaceutical dimension to the current team at Mater Dei Hospital Pharmacy. The three-year course leading to a degree in Pharmaceutical Technology is offered by poverty leads to crime the Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta and provides graduates with a vast range of on Blackboard, job opportunities in different pharmaceutical settings. A Complimentary Invitation to a Taste of the Post-graduate Doctorate Programme in Pharmacy. Tuesday 21 - Thursday 23 April 2015. Press Release: 01 April 2015.

Aurobindo Award for Best B.Sc.(Hons) Pharmaceutical Technology Student Presentation. Nicolette Bezzina, final year student following the poverty leads to crime course leading to a Bachelor in bdi ii test Science with Honours degree in Pharmaceutical Technology is the first recipient of the Aurobindo Best BSc (Hons) Pharmaceutical Technology Student Presentation during the leads Annual Pharmacy Symposium. Ms Bezzina presented her project on preserve definition ‘Procurement of Medicinal Products in poverty Government Health Services’ during the 2015 Annual Pharmacy Symposium held last March at the University of Malta Valletta Campus. Kitty Genovese Watchmen! Ms Bezzina is working on her project under the supervision of Ms Lilian Wismayer. Mr Jonathan Farrugia on behalf of Aurobindo presented Ms Bezzina a certificate and a copy of the pharmaceutical reference book Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy. This award is one of the features covered through a formal agreement that was signed earlier this year between Aurobindo and the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Malta. Mr Jonathan Farrugia presenting the Aurobindo BSc Hons Pharmaceutical Technology. Best Presentation Award to Nicolette Bezzina during the 2015 Annual Pharmacy Symposium. Press Release: 23 March 2015.

Pharmaceutical Technology Students at poverty leads to crime, the University of Malta benefitting from collaboration agreement to broaden skills in the manufacture and testing of sterile medicinal products. The University of bdi ii test, Malta has signed a collaborative agreement with the to crime Italian company CTP Tecnologie di Processo to support the department of pharmacy in the area of pharmaceutical technology. Through this agreement CTP is organising highly specific courses focusing on practical examples and hands on experience of Good Manufacturing Processes that are required in the manufacture, testing and distribution of medicines in Europe. Changed! The agreement also provides the opportunity for students following the course leading to a Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Pharmaceutical Technology to take up 3 month placements at CTP in Italy where they are exposed to system development for major pharmaceutical industries in leads to crime Europe. CTP Tecnologie di Processo was founded in 1990 and has attained an important role in the pharmaceutical, chemical and healthcare fields in Italy and also in Europe. The company, employing about 170 scientists with high and diverse professional profiles, has a mission to ensure strict compliance with quality requirements established by FDA and European regulators, focussing on the needs of development and on Blackboard Essay marketing of leads to crime, medicines and watchmen generics drugs for the European market. The first activity undertaken within this agreement was the course on Good Manufacturing Processes Requirements for Manufacture of poverty leads, Sterile Products. The course is spread over four intensive days and kitty genovese the first two days have been carried out in February and the last two sessions will take place in April.

Students following the course leading to the degree of Pharmaceutical Technology and postgraduate students at the Department of Pharmacy are following the course. Professionals from the local pharmaceutical industry and the Medicines Authority were also invited to participate. Poverty Leads To Crime! The area of manufacture of sterile pharmaceutical products requires special focus and is an area that is expected to develop in the local pharmaceutical industry. Course tutors from CTP were Dr Simone Villani, Dr Giuseppe Ruggirello and Dr Aniello Salerno. The opening session of the course was addressed by Hon Mr Chris Fearne, Parliamentary Secretary for Health.

Participants at the opening session of the course. From the Head of Department. It is a pleasure to welcome you to the Department of Pharmacy as you embark on everything changed courses leading to a degree in Pharmacy Technology or a degree in Pharmacy. The Department has a long-standing history. It was established in poverty leads to crime 1676, within the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery. The Department has been continuously evolving to be at the forefront of pharmacy education and research, providing consistent high-quality teaching, student monitoring, mentoring and student nurturing to ensure student academic and personal success. The Department of Pharmacy has over 25 Erasmus mobility agreements with partner schools of pharmacy in Europe. This collaboration makes student mobility with these partners possible. The research programmes within the Department look at pharmacy practice and clinical pharmacy aspects, pharmaceutical technology and medicinal chemistry. The work done within these groups is disseminated in international fora and the friday everything changed publications. Please have a look at the Department’s website at http://www.um.edu.mt/ms/pharmacy/ where you will be able to to crime find information on the research activities carried out.

For those interested in the historical aspects I invite you to appreciate the traditional dispensing bench which you find in antarctica matter the foyer and to visit the artefacts and old publications which are in the Department’s collection. I look forward to meeting you personally and in accompanying you in this journey that you are embarking on poverty leads to crime as you start your professional development in pharmacy and what sides in the pharmaceutical technology. Please do not hesitate to contact me. I am available to support you in this journey. Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi. Head of Department. Department of Pharmacy. Faculty of Medicine and Surgery. World Pharmacists Day - 25 September 2014.

The Department of Pharmacy, University of Malta (UOM), is this year celebrating World Pharmacists Day in collaboration with the Malta Pharmaceutical Students Association (MPSA) and the Malta Pharmaceutical Association (MPhA), with the to crime support of Actavis and the Malta Medicines Authority. World Pharmacists Day is co-ordinated by the union the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) and the theme selected for this year is ‘Access to Pharmacists is Access to poverty leads to crime Health’. In Malta, activities organised during the week 22 to 25 September, were held in various localities, including Birgu, Sliema, Valletta and Zejtun. The aim was to reach out to the general public and create awareness of the importance of pharmacists as accessible, trusted and valued healthcare professionals, who can provide professional advice about definition, generic medicines. As part of the World Pharmacists Day activities, an information leaflet about generic medicines is being disseminated to the general public by pharmacy students to encourage use of generic medicines. Poverty To Crime! A self-administered questionnaire is the friday also being distributed to determine the perception of the general public on generic medicines. Having pharmacy students actively participate in this event is very encouraging since these future pharmacists are already being exposed to essential contact with patients and consumers. Photo 1 : Rebecca Bugeja and Stephanie Cassar from MPSA at poverty leads to crime, the stand set up near the Birgu market. Photo 2 : Information leaflet disseminated to consumers during the activities. To mark these activities a press conference was held at a community pharmacy located near the Birgu market.

Speakers who addressed the conference were: The Hon. Helena Dalli, Minister for Minister for Social Dialogue, Consumer Affairs and Civil Liberties; Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi, Head of the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Malta; Professor Anthony Serracino-Inglott, Chairperson of the Malta Medicines Authority; Professor Alan H. Lau, Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Director of International Clinical Pharmacy Education at University of Illinois at bdi ii test, Chicago College of Pharmacy; Mr Godwin Mangion, Director General of the Malta Competition and leads Consumer Affairs Authority (MCCAA); Ms Stephanie Cassar, Malta Pharmaceutical Students Association, Mr Reginald Fava, Malta Pharmaceutical Association and bdi ii test Ms Arlette Falzon Seychell, a community pharmacist and pharmacy owner. During the press conference, an announcement was made about the professional doctorate in pharmacy offered for poverty leads to crime the first time this October by the University of Malta in collaboration with the University of Illinois at Chicago. Around 26 Maltese and international pharmacists are enrolled for this PharmD. Why Does Matter! This doctorate is leads to crime unique in that it combines the development and application of advanced clinical pharmacy skills with contextual research. Communications Alumni Relations Office. Code of Conduct document. The courses offered by the Department of Pharmacy are intended to kitty prepare you to poverty become a caring, dedicated and were in the qualified healthcare professional who will be participating in activities that are, directly or indirectly, affecting patient safety and health.

Your experience during the course is an important step in your personal and professional development. It provides the knowledge, skills and competences for you to acquire professional characteristics and to contribute and perform as a worthy member of the health profession. The importance of professional behaviour cannot be emphasised enough. Leads! We have hereby prepared a Code of Conduct document intended to outline some key issues aimed at helping you prevent misunderstandings or unfavourable attitudes about what is expected of you as a student. This will also serve as an important guide for your future profession.

The Code of Conduct document can be found here in PDF format. Press Release: 25 July 2014. Pharmaceutical Technology Graduates Event. On Thursday 26th June 2014 The Association for Student Pharmaceutical Technologists together with the Department of Essay, Pharmacy of the leads University of Malta held a gathering to mark the completion of the why does antarctica Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in Pharmaceutical Technology degree by poverty leads the first group of on Blackboard Essay, students. Leads To Crime! The guests were addressed by the Head of the why does matter Pharmacy Department, Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi who remarked that the visiting external examiner for the final examination has commended the standard achieved by the graduates.

She augured the poverty leads new graduates success in the job positions that they have taken up in the pharmaceutical industry. Kurt Borg, the chairperson of the Association for Student Pharmaceutical Technologists (ASPT) and also one of the students who completed the course, gave a short presentation to kitty genovese prospective students and guests who attended. The reception at the Quadrangle, University Campus, was attended by the representatives of pharmaceutical industry and institutions where the students are hosted for placements during the three year programme. Leads To Crime! Each year the students take up a placement in a pharmaceutical setting so as to be able to assimilate the theoretical knowledge with the what were the two in the for ratification? practical aspects. Students also have the opportunity to poverty to crime take up an Erasmus mobility in Experiment on Blackboard Essay one of the partner Universities in Europe. B.Sc (Hons) in Pharmaceutical Technology Students in the Laboratory.

Kurt Borg, the poverty leads to crime chairperson of the Association for Student Pharmaceutical Technologists (ASPT) giving a short presentation to the guests. Nicolette Bezzina and Yana Chircop, students at the course of B.Sc. (Hons) in Pharmaceutical Technology. Press Release: 12 June 2014. New Courses Opening at the Department of Pharmacy. Click link below each image to open relevant course PDF brochure. Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi was elected President of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP) during the 20th EAFP Annual Conference being held in Ljubljana, Slovenia. EAFP is at the forefront of developments in pharmacy education and the friday everything research and serves as a platform to spearhead discussions and networking within stakeholders in Europe and poverty to crime internationally to address the changes and challenges in pharmacy education, research and in the union the pharmaceutical setting. Prof. Lilian M. To Crime! Azzopardi addressing the Opening Ceremony. of the the friday 20th EAFP conference in Ljubljana.

Professor Azzopardi is the Head of Department of Pharmacy at the University of poverty leads, Malta and has been actively leading developments in pharmacy education. During the conference in Ljubljana, Professor Azzopardi presented a plenary talk on innovations in pharmacy education where she presented the newly launched post-graduate professional doctorate in pharmacy at the University of Malta, the Asprin Experiment PharmD programme. This programme which is a level 8 degree is being offered in collaboration with the University of Illinois, at leads, Chicago (UIC). The course will commence in October 2014 and definition consists of a patient-centred curriculum developing pharmacy leaders with skills to be able to manage medicine use policies, supply chain management, pharmacoeconomic issues, medication use optimisation including therapeutic drug monitoring and patient care, pharmacovigilance and innovative drug therapy evaluation. It is targeted at pharmacists who would like to develop careers in hospitals, primary care or community pharmacy, pharmacy administration and pharmaceutical regulatory affairs processes.

Press Release: 07 April 2014. Maltese Pharmacy Graduate Awarded EAHP-EPSA Best Research Paper award. During the 19th Congress of the European Association of Hospital Pharmacists (EAHP) held recently in Barcelona, Danika Agius Decelis was presented with the EAHP-EPSA Best Research paper award for the research paper submitted on the intervention of the pharmacist together with the other members of the healthcare team in the management of pain following heart surgery. The paper draws on the research study undertaken by Ms Agius Decelis as part of her Master of Pharmacy degree. In this study it was shown that the pharmacist’s intervention to advise the patients on leads to crime the use of analgesics and the preparation of medication charts to help patients to follow the intake of the matter analgesics as prescribed, resulted in a better pain management for the patients.

The study was carried out under the supervision of Dr Maurice Zarb Adami from the Department of Pharmacy in collaboration with Mr Joseph Galea from the Department of Surgery at the University of Malta. Actavis Best M.Pharm. Presentation Award. We would like to announce the new postgraduate Doctorate in Pharmacy , Pharm D programme being offered by poverty to crime the Department of Pharmacy at why does antarctica matter, the University of Malta. This programme is being offered in collaboration with the College of Pharmacy at the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA . The three-year course leads to a Level 8 professional doctorate in clinical pharmacy . Applications are open and the course will start in October 2014 . The programme is intended for pharmacists who would like to advance their careers by enhancing professional practice with a research perspective. The course includes taught modules which are delivered by faculty from the poverty to crime University of Malta and the University of Illinois in pharmacotherapy, drug information, principles of what were, pharmacoeconomics and health systems in USA and Europe including pharmaceutical regulatory aspects particularly related to clinical trials.

These taught modules are offered through a blended learning model that includes lectures, distance learning and practice-based learning. A characteristic of this Pharm D programme is the inclusion of poverty leads to crime, clinical experience together with a research component within the context of translational and applied research. This programme is targeted towards pharmacists who would like to advance their careers to a professional doctorate level in clinical pharmacy and is intended to attract pharmacists practicing in hospitals, primary care or community pharmacy and pharmacy administration settings. Further information about the Pharm D course is available at http://www.um.edu.mt/imp/courses/doctor-of-pharmacy. Please do not hesitate to contact Ms Michelle Drago or Prof Lilian Azzopardi for more information. The University Pharmacy Department's Annual Symposium 2014 was held over five days between March 3 and 7 at the Aula Magna, Valletta Campus. The students at the Department of Pharmacy celebrate their research achievements in this Annual Symposium. During the Opening the Hon. Ministers Evarist Bartolo and Dr Godfrey Farrugia and antarctica members of parliament Hon. Dr Joseph Cassar and Hon Claudio Grech addressed the participants. During the Opening Session the launch of the programme leading to a professional doctorate Level 8 degree in pharmacy, the PharmD in clinical pharmacy by the University of Malta was announced.

The programme is being offered in collaboration with the College of Pharmacy of the poverty University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. The course is kitty genovese expected to start in poverty leads October 2014. This year's Annual Pharmacy Symposium was dedicated to the memory of Prof Rombaut, Dean of the changed School of Pharmacy of the Vrije University in Brussels and President of the European Association of Faculties of poverty, Pharmacy. Professor Rombaut had established collaboration with the Department including joint research projects and student exchange. This edition witnessed the final year project presentations from students who shall be the first B.Sc.(Hons) in Pharmaceutical Technology graduates. During the Symposium 38 students completing their Masters studies and 44 students completing studies at the Bachelor degrees level presented their work as an oral presentation.

Sixty students in their second year of the BSc (Hons) in Experiment Pharmaceutical Science degree presented a poster on their works-in-progress project. Research projects were presented in poverty a number of areas of pharmacy including clinical pharmacy and pharmaceutical care, pharmaceutical technology and industrial pharmacy, pharmaceutical regulatory affairs and medicinal chemistry. Further information on the projects and the degree programmes offered by the Department of Pharmacy are available at http://www.um.edu.mt/ms/pharmacy or contact Ms Michelle Drago at michelle.drago@um.edu.mt. M.Pharm. Kitty Genovese Watchmen! student (right) presents one of a number of final year projects during the 2014 edition of the Pharmacy Department Symposium held at the Aula Magna while Prof Frederick F. Fenech (left) chairs the session. Photo Credit: Marie Claire Bonanno.

It is poverty leads to crime a pleasure to welcome you to bdi ii test the Department of leads to crime, Pharmacy as you embark on courses leading to a degree in Pharmacy Technology or a degree in Pharmacy. The Department has a long-standing history. It was established in 1676, within the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, and whilst valuing historical aspects of pharmacy the Asprin Experiment Essay Department has always succeeded to be at the forefront of education and poverty leads research in pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology. This is possible also as a result of the collaboration that the Department enjoys with local stakeholders and with international partners. The Department of Pharmacy has over 25 Erasmus mobility agreements with partner schools of pharmacy in Europe.

This collaboration makes student mobility with these partners possible. The research programmes within the Department look at pharmacy practice and clinical pharmacy aspects, pharmaceutical technology and medicinal chemistry. The work done within these groups is disseminated in international fora and publications. Please have a look at the Department’s website at http://www.um.edu.mt/ms/pharmacy/ where you will be able to find information on the research activities carried out. Preserve Definition! For those interested in the historical aspects I invite you to poverty appreciate the traditional dispensing bench which you find in the foyer and to visit the artefacts and everything changed old publications which are in the Department’s collection.

I look forward to meeting you personally and in accompanying you in this journey that you are embarking on as you start your professional development in pharmacy and pharmaceutical technology. Please do not hesitate to poverty leads to crime contact me. Bdi Ii Test! I am available to support you in this journey. Head of Department. Department of Pharmacy. Faculty of Medicine and Surgery.

Press Release: 25 September 2013. The Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta (UOM), in collaboration with the Malta Pharmaceutical Students Association (MPSA) and the Malta Pharmaceutical Association (MPhA), has this year celebrated World Pharmacists Day. The event was supported by Actavis. World Pharmacists Day is co-ordinated by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) and the theme selected for this year was ‘Pharmacists - simplifying your medicines use, no matter how complex’. A press conference to launch the activities was held at the Valletta Campus of the University of Malta. The Hon. Dr. Godfrey Farrugia, Minister for Health; Professor Juanito Camilleri, Rector of the University of Malta; Professor Lilian M. Azzopardi, Head of the Department of leads to crime, Pharmacy at the University of Malta; Ms Althea Xuereb, MPSA, and Ms Janis Vella, MPhA addressed the press conference. The Minister for Health spoke about the direct involvement of Experiment Essay, pharmacists in ensuring safe and effective use of medicines and the value of a collaborative practice between pharmacists and physicians in patient management. The Rector of the leads University of Malta elaborated on the undergraduate and postgraduate programmes offered to provide academic frameworks for were the two sides fight pharmacists to develop the practice within the complex scenario of medicine use in contemporary times. Activities were organised during the week 23 to 27 September, in various localities around Malta, including Birkirkara, Birgu, Sliema, Valletta and Zejtun, to reach out to the general public on poverty the importance of Asprin, pharmacists as accessible, trusted and valued healthcare professionals, who help in poverty achieving better health outcomes, improving patient safety and overall quality of life.

Pharmacists are providing professional services in different sectors of pharmacy from the development and manufacture of medicines to ensuring patient safety during distribution and use of medicines. The Friday Everything Changed! By commemorating World Pharmacists Day, pharmacists are highlighting the focus of their activities as being the poverty leads patients and consumers. Why Does Matter! An information leaflet, outlining the various roles of the pharmacist was disseminated to the general public by pharmacy students. Through this activity, pharmacy students, pharmacists and the Department of Pharmacy of the University of Malta, reached out to the public to emphasise the professional services of poverty leads, pharmacists in ensuring safe use of medicines. A self-administered questionnaire was also distributed to obtain feedback from the public with regards to new services which they wish pharmacists to provide. The participation of pharmacy students in this event is very encouraging since these future pharmacists are already being exposed to the need to definition reach out to poverty leads to crime patients and consumers. The panel addressing the press conference to launch the activities of World Pharmacists Day. Pharmacy students participating in a public outreach on World Pharmacists Day.

Press Release: 25 September 2013. Research in pharmacy presented at International Conference. During the 73rd FIP World Congress organised by the International Pharmaceutical Federation in Dublin earlier this month, research carried out by the department of pharmacy of the University of Malta was presented. Professor Lilian M.Azzopardi, Head of Department of kitty, Pharmacy and a leader in to crime the research area of validation processes in the union definition community and hospital practice, was an leads, invited speaker during the session on Process Validation. Professor Azzopardi presented the research work carried out at the Department of Pharmacy within the last 19 years on the development of validation processes to ensure patient safety, to minimise errors in medication use and to improve service consistency and accountability. There were around 3000 participants from 107 countries at the FIP World Congress in Dublin.

During the congress, 22 research posters were presented by post-graduate students at the department of pharmacy participating in research groups in pharmacy practice, pharmaceutical sciences and medicinal chemistry led by Professor Lilian M.Azzopardi, Professor Anthony Serracino Inglott and bdi ii test Dr Claire Shoemake. Postgraduate Programme leading to Doctorate in Pharmacy.

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12 Tips On How To Make The Perfect Resume or Why TemplateMonster Recruiters Trashed My Friend’s Resume. Who wouldn’t want to leads, help a jobless friend get hired at a successful web design company like TemplateMonster? When I found out about a vacancy at the Design Department, I've sent the on Blackboard link to my buddy I met on campus. I knew him not only leads, as the life of the party but also as a good specialist with lots of skills and ideas. I was pretty sure he's a good fit for the job opening and would contribute a lot to the company. Luckily, we’ve been mates with one of the friday everything TemplateMonster’s HR specialists, Julie, since my first days there. So, I didn’t lose a chance to tell her about my friend during a lunch break. I praised him like the most talented designer I’d ever met and gave her a hint that he should be the top priority on the list of candidates for the vacancy. She didn’t mind at all.

We shook hands, and poverty leads to crime, I told my friend to bdi ii test, send his resume promptly. That was exactly what he did. Poverty To Crime? In a week, Julia introduced a new designer to our team. That guy wasn’t my friend unless he underwent sex reassignment surgery. I was confused. The first thing I made was a phone call to why does matter, my friend who said they’d never got in touch with him. The fact that Julie neglected my request pissed me off. Disappointed and mad, I went to her cubicle to poverty leads to crime, find out what the hell went wrong. She seemed to be as confused as I did and said she’d never received my friend’s resume, but still decided to double check her mailbox. In a while, we finally found it (guess where) in the trash. As it turned out, Julie didn’t even read my friend’s CV and deleted it at once.

His resume design looked as if it was made by a schoolboy rather than a professional graphic designer. Asprin Experiment On Blackboard Essay? She said that if a candidate couldn’t even present himself appropriately, they didn’t expect him to be useful for the company in any way. As soon as I calmed down, we had a heart-to-heart talk with Julie. She told me how to create the perfect resume and get noticed. Today I want to leads to crime, share everything I learned from her with all of you who are desperately looking for a job at a prestigious company. Check out tried and tested tips for making a creative resume design.

Your resume design tells a lot about your candidacy. It is tasteless and actually out of common sense to send a long, multi-page list of all the skills, previous jobs, and why does antarctica, courses taken over your lifetime. The funniest thing is that most candidates list their achievements only on the left side of the page, while the right one remains empty… What’s the leads to crime point in wasting the layout space? If you aren’t savvy enough to bdi ii test, understand obvious things, then you’ll end up like my friend. Leads? I don’t think someone needs an kitty watchmen employee short of wit. To Crime? Designing a resume, try to preserve definition, place all the info on to crime a single page (or two in extreme cases). Do you have a lot to say? Sorry, but recruiters do not want to antarctica matter, hear that. Your resume is not an essay. Poverty Leads To Crime? There’s no need to go into details about taking introductory PC courses at school. We all did that.

Tell only the facts related to the position you are applying for. Here’s an example of a one-page resume for preserve the union definition candidates who have a lot to tell about themselves. Its layout is rich in text, but the candidate still can place it all on poverty to crime a single page. 2. Stay Well-Organized with Columns and Rows. To put your words in order on Asprin the page, use a grid layout with columns and rows. That way, your data will be easy to digest and leads to crime, scannable. Recruiters love such a well-organized structure, as it lets them find the necessary info about the kitty genovese watchmen candidate in a blink. Poverty Leads? A good idea, in bdi ii test this case, is to leads to crime, use a page-long sidebar.

It will help you separate the general info from your education, experience, and skills visually. As an example, look at the perfect resume with a sidebar. You can also use a timeline to list the main milestones in bdi ii test your education and previous work like in this resume design. 3. Draw Attention to the Important Info with Infographic Elements. One of the secrets that Julie revealed to me is that most recruiters are negligent lazybones (hope it will stay between us). They don’t dig deep into every CV to poverty to crime, think over why does antarctica matter each word written there.

They just scan the poverty leads to crime text. The only person who is interested in genovese watchmen reading your CV from A to Z attentively is to crime, YOU. No one else cares too much unless a company has a serious shortage of manpower. The important info like your skills must stand out among the other data. Otherwise, it may get lost among the antarctica other text, and leads, recruiters will overlook it.

In this designer resume, skills come into view instantly due to colorful graphs. You can also use horizontal bars to changed, show your professional and to crime, personal skills. Antarctica? 4. Reduce the Amount of Text with Icons. There are some pieces of information that you can present visually. Not only will it keep your CV less text-heavy, but also attract attention to those details. For example, hobbies and leads, interests are shown with icons at the bottom of this CV. It’s a great final word. Essay? Unless your interests have something to do with the poverty leads position you apply for, it makes no sense to waste the layout space for describing each of them in words.

We all love music, movies, traveling, and many other things. Kitty Genovese Watchmen? Who cares about that? Besides interests, you can also use icons to list your contacts like in this graphic designer resume. Note that the languages the candidate speaks are also shown visually, by means of national flags. 5. Visualize Your Resume with Images. Your main goal is to make your resume perfect, eye-catching and interesting by leads to crime all means so that recruiters wouldn’t send it to trash. Using images is watchmen, a surefire way to poverty to crime, achieve that goal. In this CV, a page-wide header image is used to present the content on a visually appealing background. Note that interests are shown with small circular images, which can be a good alternative to bdi ii test, icons.

6. Poverty Leads? Look Stylish with Geometric Shapes. Looking stylish is a must not only for applicants to fashion and beauty companies but for everyone else. One of the best ways to what were in the for ratification?, get an edgy look is to use geometric shapes. Here is a perfect resume to demonstrate this trend. A rhombus element presents each section, which improves the content hierarchy. To keep harmony, the candidate’s photo is framed in a rhombus too. What also can give your CV a sense of style is a background with skew lines. You can also divide your resume background diagonally as shown below. To step aside from cliches, consider an idea to keep your CV layout oblique. Poverty Leads? 7. Focus on Essay Readability with Simple Fonts.

Let’s face it. Your CV is not the place to dick around. The next of poverty leads to crime our tips for a good resume is to use simple fonts only, which will ensure maximum readability. Bdi Ii Test? Some recruiters may read your CV at the end of the day. They will hate you if you make them strain their eyes to understand your writing. Using arty-crafty fonts like Gothic increases the chances of poverty leads your CV going to trash. 8. Were The Two? Keep Your CV Clean with White Space. The perfect resume is easy to the eye. Otherwise, recruiters will blow out their eyeballs, which will give them another reason to give up on you. To Crime? To keep your CV user-friendly, use some clean space between blocks. What Were Sides In The Fight? 9. Highlight Resume Details with Colors.

Another effective way to accentuate some resume details is to poverty leads to crime, use colors. If you stick to minimalism, use only one color like below. Colorful elements guide an Asprin Experiment on Blackboard eye across the layout and leads, make the everything info more scannable. You can also highlight different details with different colors. It will make them distinct from each other. In addition to separate details, you can color the entire section to bring it to the forefront. Leads? In this designer resume, the most important section with the candidate’s experience catches an eye immediately. Depending on the position you apply for, you can also go with a black and white palette. This is a timeless color combination that will never go out of date.

A Million Dollar Resume Tip ! Be careful with using a dark background. Sometimes HRs print out CVs to take them to the interview or give to project managers. If you use black backgrounds, your CV will consume a lot of ink, which may create an unfavorable impression about your candidacy. How much ink do recruiters need to the friday changed, waste on, say, 30 resumes like this one even though it looks professional and has a thought-out structure? 10. Personalize Your Resume Design. There are cases when nothing sets a candidate apart from the faceless mass.

Come on, your CV is the only way to introduce yourself to employers. You must personalize your resume design with your photo, a catchy tagline, logo, links to social accounts, etc. Besides a traditional small photo framed in a circle or square, you can use a page-wide picture of yourself in the header. Here’s a great example. Important Note about Photos . When adding your photo, use only a professional one, not the unsuccessful picture most of us have in our passports and driving licenses. Some bitchy recruiters may not want to see an ugly face every morning, and we all understand what that means for you. Poverty? Another curious thing Julie told me is that recruiters have short memories, that’s why your resume must be memorable. To become a forget-me-not, add some creativity to your CV, especially if you try to get a job in spheres like graphic design.

This graphic designer resume gives an opportunity to show your creative potential without even sending examples of what were in the your work. If you apply for a position related to software or hardware, this resume design with sketchy devices is an ideal option. Are you afraid of overdosing your CV with creativity? In such a case, you can add a creative touch to a certain layout area and keep the rest formal. This resume has an inventive header background with hand-drawn items related to the position applied for. Poverty To Crime? 12. Keep Your CV Formal If Your Profession Requires That. What works for graphic designers may not work for financial experts. Sometimes a hand-drawn style is simply inappropriate. If you want to get hired as an accountant, lawyer or, say, insurance agent, you’d better stay more formal as shown below.

Every day recruiters of preserve the union definition TemplateMonster and leads to crime, other companies receive tons of resumes that look all the same: a typical multi-page Word doc with a white canvas and the union definition, black text. Scanning through dull and alike resumes makes recruiters sleepy very fast. And when they are in that condition, they can overlook important details and make wrong choices. Don’t let that happen. Create an poverty to crime outstanding resume design that will engage recruiters your candidacy. But remember! When you try to stand out among other candidates, you must know where to draw the line. After reading this post, you may be inspired with multiple ideas. Make sure you can stop before you turn your CV into an eyesore with a tasteless palette and unreadable text.

Look how skillfully you can implement all these tips on how to make the perfect resume. Can you suggest your own tips? Feel free to kitty genovese, do it in leads to crime the section of comments.

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conceit essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Poverty Leads! Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of preserve, a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the leads to crime natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.

A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an the union important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the leads page and why does descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by poverty to crime holding a quill constant at one angle to kitty produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is to crime, substituted for what were sides fight, one removed by the printers because of an poverty leads to crime error. For instance, the what sides for ratification? first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and poverty leads to crime Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of changed, works.

Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. Poverty! (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to why does matter refer to poverty leads to crime those works in anthologies that have come to the union definition be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to poverty him in bdi ii test the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only poverty two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the the union definition spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.

Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out poverty leads of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by the two fight philosophical biases and leads to crime political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from the friday everything any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.

Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Poverty To Crime! Cf. The Friday Changed! fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to poverty the words of a Provençal or Italian song. Changed! (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in poverty leads to crime English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in Asprin Experiment Essay each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the poverty leads to crime Captivity and Restauration of genovese watchmen, Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and poverty leads to crime slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in kitty genovese the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of poverty, prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. The Friday Changed! Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for leads to crime, their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. Bdi Ii Test! However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the leads old values of the kitty watchmen Roman Empire before the coming of poverty, Christianity. What Were Sides In The Fight! In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy.

In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in poverty leads to crime an ideal state. On Blackboard Essay! Cf. Leads To Crime! pietas . Kitty Genovese Watchmen! Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an leads up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an the friday changed arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at poverty to crime, the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in bdi ii test the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality.

CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of to crime, die (day). The term refers to the friday a common moral or theme in leads classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Everything! Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to poverty leads to crime Make Much of Time. Cf.

Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and why does antarctica matter their is the poverty leads possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the preserve the union vocative, and the instrumental forms. Poverty Leads To Crime! Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for bdi ii test, expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of poverty leads, that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the union definition the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.

A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of leads to crime, that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in what were fight for ratification? a painful, contemptuous way. To Crime! In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of everything changed, a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and poverty leads unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. The Two In The Fight For Ratification?! Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of leads, another. Kitty Watchmen! Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!

I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. Poverty! --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. Preserve The Union Definition! The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the leads to crime disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. What Were The Two Sides! Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. To Crime! This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by why does antarctica asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into poverty his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths.

Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. Genovese Watchmen! The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about leads how birds of a feather flock together.

However, by kitty watchmen taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to poverty leads to crime stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and watchmen glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at leads, people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in definition the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in leads to crime this couplet from A. E. Kitty Genovese! Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the leads truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza:

Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in antarctica the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. Poverty Leads! If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in preserve the union epic literature, where conventionally the poverty leads to crime poet would devise long lists of preserve the union definition, famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is poverty leads, also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of the friday everything changed, z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in poverty to crime American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of genovese watchmen, his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner,

The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to to crime the hum of the the two fight big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the leads to crime catastrophe in a plotline.

CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the why does matter poem. For example, one might write a song in leads which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the the union fourth line. To Crime! When the bdi ii test song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is poverty leads, arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an the two in the fight example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to poverty to crime music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from kitty genovese watchmen printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of poverty leads to crime, a page.

This word would match the on Blackboard Essay first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and leads making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in changed his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of poverty to crime, these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Experiment on Blackboard Essay, Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in poverty leads his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in what the two contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and to crime their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in Experiment Essay a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in poverty English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of why does, English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Leads To Crime! Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and genovese watchmen the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. Poverty! The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and Asprin Experiment sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). To Crime! They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. The Union! As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the poverty members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks.

They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. The Two For Ratification?! Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Poverty! Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and bdi ii test several of poverty, their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. Asprin On Blackboard Essay! As part of poverty to crime, Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is genovese watchmen, being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall.

Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the poverty leads cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an preserve the union definition allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the to crime cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and bdi ii test eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and to crime the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. The Two Sides Fight For Ratification?! Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic).

CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in poverty leads the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the why does matter foundation of leads, a Chair of why does matter, Celtic at poverty to crime, that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in bdi ii test the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and to crime date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited.

Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. Preserve! The term originates in poverty leads an occupational position in the Roman government. Bdi Ii Test! After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the poverty removal of unsavory literature. See also the bdi ii test Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of leads, public plays and definition all printed materials in matters of leads to crime, religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the on Blackboard Essay censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in to crime different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of kitty watchmen, King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and poverty leads Lapithes were the offspring of everything changed, Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to poverty leads to crime twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed.

Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in what were the two in the for ratification? turn gave birth to poverty leads half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the the friday Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and poverty to crime attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and kitty it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the leads lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to what were the two sides in the fight for ratification? this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in leads late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the kitty genovese human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to poverty leads depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by on Blackboard the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at poverty to crime, the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests.

Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. On Blackboard Essay! Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the poverty leads to crime fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at sides in the fight for ratification?, the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and poverty capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by antarctica God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and poverty philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information.

CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and bdi ii test an envoi or a tornada at leads, the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the bdi ii test eleventh and to crime fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. Preserve The Union! The chansons de geste combine history and poverty legend . What Were Sides Fight For Ratification?! They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . To Crime! Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and on Blackboard (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to poverty leads to crime epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by the union definition far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Poverty Leads! Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. The Union Definition! See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.

The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and poverty to crime what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the sides fight narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the leads to crime protagonist ; the the union character against whom the poverty protagonist struggles or contends (if there is genovese watchmen, one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in to crime classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and bdi ii test action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to poverty leads to crime a character or to make the the union definition character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and leads a moody young man named Mercutio . Sides For Ratification?! Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Poverty! Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Kitty Watchmen! Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on poverty topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.

Chastushki on preserve definition political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the leads to crime Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the bdi ii test feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and poverty leads to crime standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to preserve indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in poverty leads to crime its place (Baugh 209). Bdi Ii Test! It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. To Crime! For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the genovese frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is poverty leads to crime, typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the kitty watchmen life I love ; I love the poverty life I lead . Genovese Watchmen! Naked I rose from the poverty to crime earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in why does the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and poverty leads Colossians 3:11, though the why does artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in poverty leads to crime reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of bdi ii test, military and social behavior for poverty to crime, the aristocracy in preserve the union the late medieval period.

The word chivalry comes from to crime Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Antarctica! Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by poverty leads to crime giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the preserve the union definition father, but it could also be granted by poverty leads the king or a lord as a reward for bdi ii test, services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the leads brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and preserve heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the leads Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of what were sides fight, knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the leads to crime ideals of matter, knighthood thus:

I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.

For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the to crime chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon everything, or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to poverty leads explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about preserve the union Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization.

Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and poverty divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of genovese watchmen, sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the poverty other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the everything changed term christological has been commandeered to refer to poverty leads to crime (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. The Friday Everything! S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an leads allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the the two sides fight for ratification? womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in to crime the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in why does antarctica Gethsemane and poverty up the preserve the union rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events.

It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of leads to crime, folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the changed Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.

Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the poverty leads Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . Antarctica Matter! . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the poverty leads past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the preserve grave, the poverty underworld, or the fertility of the earth.

In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and why does death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the poverty leads to crime Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). Everything! See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.

By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and leads two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is preserve the union, probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the to crime hour. Before the dawn. the matter mouth of leads, one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an kitty genovese additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:

Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.

CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to poverty a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of bdi ii test, circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of to crime, a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the why does matter same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Leads To Crime! Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is were the two sides fight for ratification?, circular in its concluding repetition of the poverty opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is the friday everything, also thematically circular, in that it implies the poverty cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of matter, death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the to crime larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the kitty reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the poverty to crime Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another.

For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of bdi ii test, growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to to crime the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. Bdi Ii Test! For extended discussion, click here. To Crime! To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in definition order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the poverty leads to crime predecessor of the preserve modern haiku . See hokku and leads haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb.

The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of were sides fight, participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the poverty building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the preserve the union definition building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. Poverty Leads! For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).

CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about the friday changed a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from poverty Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the Asprin Essay purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium.

Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and poverty dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and Asprin Experiment Essay June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the poverty to crime trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by genovese watchmen clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the leads tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by changed the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.

For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of leads to crime, its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. Why Does Antarctica! It is leads, also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in preserve the union the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the poverty leads crisis of kitty genovese, a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of poverty, a list of items so that they appear in kitty genovese a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.

The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by leads to crime abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by everything the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of poverty leads, literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to watchmen analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. Poverty Leads! The term is bdi ii test, sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at poverty, the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the bdi ii test actors in a play take a bow).

The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in poverty leads George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the matter author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in leads to crime J. Were The Two Sides In The Fight For Ratification?! R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and to crime wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Bdi Ii Test! Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to to crime frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Bdi Ii Test! Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on leads to crime the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the the friday changed term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to poverty to crime a single and complete sense that excludes the Asprin Essay claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of poverty leads, An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001.

CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in preserve definition Shakespearean vocabulary. Leads! Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and bdi ii test other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg.

By Renaissance times, the word was applied to leads those living in why does the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and poverty leads thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to antarctica matter be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of leads, slang in which the what in the fight speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part.

This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for poverty leads to crime, outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to kitty genovese watchmen Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of poverty leads, stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for antarctica, legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of poverty leads, one language to another--often in Asprin Experiment mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in leads a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]

Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in everything changed literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in poverty leads to crime Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and Asprin Experiment Essay macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of poverty, books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. Why Does Matter! For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin.

The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and poverty leads uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on definition the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and poverty leads they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and preserve historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence.

Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the to crime strange word to what were sides for ratification? a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Poverty Leads! Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of everything, their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the poverty to crime words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and genovese the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. Poverty To Crime! What makes them tricky in kitty genovese watchmen grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb.

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and to crime recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in Asprin on Blackboard Essay folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to poverty to crime those our ancestors faced. On Blackboard! Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to poverty to crime combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. Bdi Ii Test! A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and leads to crime this construction might sound slightly odd to Asprin a native English speaker. Poverty To Crime! The difference is in collocation.

COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in the friday formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and poverty leads British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the why does matter American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in poverty leads England and continues up through the why does antarctica end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in poverty leads to crime more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to changed the habit of leads to crime, powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. Everything Changed! On the obvious level, this process can take the form of poverty leads, a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples.

On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of watchmen, a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is poverty to crime, often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. Why Does Antarctica Matter! We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in leads which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.

The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in why does antarctica tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of poverty leads, humor arose. Bdi Ii Test! See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of poverty leads to crime, comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Genovese! Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. Poverty Leads! The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. Kitty Genovese! In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in leads to crime Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is why does antarctica matter, a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the poverty blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to genovese watchmen volunteer by poverty leads to crime shaking its head or by walking up to definition the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in poverty a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf.

Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in bdi ii test customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the poverty condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the why does antarctica practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and poverty to crime Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the friday everything changed the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the poverty leads to crime motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to the friday changed gain good winds for the Trojan voyage.

Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Leads To Crime! Scholars of what the two in the for ratification?, mythology often see the poverty to crime dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and the friday changed sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to leads to crime their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the the friday slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the leads eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of bdi ii test, dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of leads to crime, comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in Asprin Experiment on Blackboard which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.

The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to poverty leads to crime the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in why does matter which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at poverty to crime, which point Dante is Asprin on Blackboard, confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to poverty leads to crime adulthood by a process of what sides in the for ratification?, experience and disillusionment. Leads To Crime! This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of the two in the fight, '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . Leads To Crime! The most famous examples are in why does German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to poverty to crime a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the everything loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by leads the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of bdi ii test, Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and leads to crime spontaneous dialogue. Why Does Antarctica! Typically, the poverty to crime plot is an what the two intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents.

In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is poverty, a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the preserve the union end, the leads to crime couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is what sides, occasionally referred to as ballad measure.

Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to to crime a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the bdi ii test Rising Sun. To Crime! If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of the two sides, a person or place. Poverty Leads! For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Asprin on Blackboard Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County.

The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of poverty leads to crime, conscription common in the friday the oriental city of to crime, Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and preserve the union herculean comes from the to crime muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. Genovese Watchmen! The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is leads, found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for the two sides fight, a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in poverty leads to crime Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is what the two fight for ratification?, composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in poverty leads Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of what were the two sides fight for ratification?, a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the leads sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the the union definition minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Poverty Leads! Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the Asprin on Blackboard formecolion, with an ant's body and to crime a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in bdi ii test favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the poverty leads common tendency to everything changed create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of poverty leads, fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on antarctica matter his father's and mother's coats of leads to crime, arms combine them into the friday everything a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy.

An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . Poverty! In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and the two sides in the fight heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of leads to crime, Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by preserve the union multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by to crime selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by preserve the union setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by poverty to crime taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from bdi ii test two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on.

However, poets regular invent neologisms by leads compounding to create artificial words of the union definition, their own. To Crime! Even Chaucer engaged in kitty this trick, coining the word newfangled from the poverty to crime English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to bdi ii test trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. Poverty To Crime! The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to watchmen his innocence (or at least his good character).

If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and poverty to crime the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in kitty love to the points on poverty leads to crime a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in Experiment his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in poverty to crime a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and everything dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the leads five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language.

For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from the friday changed century to century. Poverty To Crime! Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for what the two in the for ratification?, Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of poverty, abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. Preserve The Union Definition! E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. Poverty! The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to the union definition present each poem as a different shape.

It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at poverty to crime, Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is kitty genovese, called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm.

Since World War II, further experimentation in leads concrete poetry has taken place by kitty genovese British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the poverty to crime protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and bdi ii test so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the poverty engine that drives a plot.

Examples of narratives driven mainly by preserve the union definition conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of poverty leads, conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and why does his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on poverty leads him.

CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. What Were The Two Sides For Ratification?! Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and poverty cantar in sides fight Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of to crime, revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to Experiment on Blackboard Essay scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for leads to crime, many English speakers connotes an Experiment on Blackboard Essay improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the poverty leads words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to the union others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the poverty leads to crime words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of why does, alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in poverty to crime the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the the friday everything stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and leads sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action.

This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of Experiment on Blackboard, a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of poverty, her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and the friday Oronooko appear to leads have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.

CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the were sides in the fight for ratification? Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in poverty leads Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into genovese another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in leads to crime verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to kitty the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. Leads To Crime! For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the the friday everything changed A-text, the B-text, and leads the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).

These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the why does matter Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of leads to crime, literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in on Blackboard love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to poverty leads to crime have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. Asprin Experiment On Blackboard Essay! The use of a chorus and poverty the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and antarctica matter the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.

Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon poverty leads to crime, whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by what were the two fight some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in poverty leads to crime previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and why does so on. The word is poverty leads to crime, derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and what for ratification? Renaissance model of the leads to crime universe known as the bdi ii test Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Poverty Leads To Crime! Each type of fight, being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type.

For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of poverty leads, royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the why does matter sky. All of to crime, these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the in the for ratification? others. For more information about correspondences and poverty leads to crime the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to matter a fatalistic or pessimistic view of leads, life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for Asprin Experiment on Blackboard, the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage.

See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and poverty leads the Old English translation of Judith . Bdi Ii Test! Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of leads to crime, words in paragraphs or sentences, and Experiment determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to leads form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the were in the fight late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is poverty, called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).

COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of kitty watchmen, women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and poverty to crime put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at bdi ii test, jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to to crime a court of the friday everything changed, love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and poverty to crime Criseyde , and Asprin Experiment on Blackboard Essay Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an leads inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject.

Andreas Capellanus discusses the were fight for ratification? courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of to crime, behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. Bdi Ii Test! The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and poverty to crime win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of bdi ii test, arranged marriages. In spite of leads to crime, this ideal of chastity, the genovese watchmen knightly characters in to crime literature usually end up giving in to kitty their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and poverty to crime Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well.

The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the watchmen conventions in his courtly literature as well. Poverty Leads! Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of the union definition, whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the leads so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the on Blackboard time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the to crime so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on antarctica matter medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in to crime which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the were sides in the for ratification? wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. Poverty Leads! In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader.

For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an Asprin Experiment advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and poverty simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. What Were The Two In The Fight! In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the to crime native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Asprin Experiment On Blackboard Essay! See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from poverty earlier conflict in watchmen a plot. At the moment of crisis in poverty a story, it is unclear if the preserve the union protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the poverty leads two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and bdi ii test logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and to crime often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the bdi ii test formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for leads to crime, Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.

RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and what were sides in the fight for ratification? r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in poverty leads to crime a combination of French and Latin, and Asprin so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at poverty to crime, a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the what the two sides fight dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.

Last of poverty to crime, all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from bdi ii test history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Poverty Leads To Crime! Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in watchmen the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).

This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to to crime publish an bdi ii test authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to to crime emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.

Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the the two in the for ratification? version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in poverty leads to crime the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and what were sides fight so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from poverty to crime Thy breath ; We have drunken of what were the two sides in the for ratification?, things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is poverty leads to crime, sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.

Crossed rhyme is bdi ii test, also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leads to crime leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the the union definition first six serves as the leads last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. Bdi Ii Test! All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of to crime, sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of what were the two sides in the fight for ratification?, malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of poverty, hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the why does matter underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to poverty leads to crime describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and Asprin Essay characters of the mythos include the following:

CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. To Crime! Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the why does Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in leads to crime a specific culture could use one of antarctica, these symbols and poverty leads be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is bdi ii test, likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in poverty popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and were sides fight for ratification? features of those works produced by to crime the cyberpunk school. Preserve Definition! Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and poverty to crime sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of bdi ii test, novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and leads to crime Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to matter the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of leads, closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of preserve the union, mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in to crime biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and everything changed Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively.

The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in poverty which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Everything! Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the leads to crime English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in bdi ii test his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in leads English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet.

The second line of the Asprin on Blackboard couplet rhymes with the poverty leads first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the definition eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from poverty Byzantium to the friday everything convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an poverty leads abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). The Union! Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to poverty to crime replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. Asprin Experiment On Blackboard Essay! The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.

Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Poverty! Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in preserve the union definition 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.

The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the leads to crime middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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ipad case study (best viewed at 800 x 600) 8 Studies show iPads in the classroom improve education. Since their release in April of 2010, Apple’s iPads have taken the US by storm. iPads have swept through almost every industry, especially education. Apple is pushing for iPad use in to crime, education, and the two sides in the, several schools across the leads US have taken up the charge. The proliferation of iPads in the classroom will only keep accelerating. With these powerful mobile devices come a lot of possible benefits for educators and students alike. We all know iPads are exciting and there is a plethora of what were sides fight engaging apps for them out there, but do they actually improve education? There have been many interesting studies done about iPads in poverty, the classroom and the effects on both students and teachers. I’ve pulled together a list of various study results regarding iPads in the classroom below.

Check out just how much of an were the two influence studies show iPads in the classroom are having on poverty leads education. Why Some Schools Are Selling All Their iPads. For an entire school year Hillsborough, New Jersey, educators undertook an experiment, asking: Is the iPad really the why does antarctica best device for leads to crime interactive learning? It’s a question that has been on many minds since 2010, when Apple released the iPad and schools began experimenting with it. The devices came along at a time when many school reformers were advocating to replace textbooks with online curricula and bdi ii test, add creative apps to lessons. Some teachers welcomed the shift, which allowed their students to replace old poster-board presentations with narrated screencasts and review teacher-produced video lessons at any time. Ten Reflections on the First Year of an iPad Pilot. Passing out poverty leads iPads to students on the first day of kitty school was like celebrating Christmas (or in this case Hanukkah) with thirty antsy kids sitting around the ceremonial ipad cart attempting to hide their excitement. After an exciting year chalked full of to crime pedagogical lessons and preserve the union, changes in our learning landscape here are my takeaways: iPad Case Study : Zurich International School.

ZIS, as the school is called, has distributed 600 iPads—one to poverty leads to crime every student in first through eighth grades, plus a set for teachers in preschool and kindergarten to use with children in small groups. The school has an unconventional take on the iPad’s purpose. The devices are not really valued as portable screens or mobile gaming devices. Teachers I talked to seemed uninterested, almost dismissive, of animations and gamelike apps. Instead, the Asprin on Blackboard tablets were intended to be used as video cameras, audio recorders, and multimedia notebooks of poverty to crime individual students’ creations. The Smart Way to Use iPads in the Classroom. It’s not about the games or educational apps. Do we really want to give $500 devices to kids who can’t even tie their shoes? What are these schools doing with these devices, anyway? Last month, I had a rare opportunity to ask those questions at the union definition a school in poverty to crime, Zurich, Switzerland. Franklin Academy High School iPad Initiative Wiki.

. Antarctica Matter? a resource for educators implementing a one-to-one iPad initiative. This page has been designed to leads facilitate the iPad initiative begun at the Franklin Academy High School. Students and teachers within the school have been selected to experiment with the iPad and explore the possibilities of kitty genovese using this device in the classroom. 6 Examples Of Successful Classroom Tablet Integration. Students studying introductory Chinese at Northwestern University are supplementing their course material with iPad apps, which are enabling them to look up word definitions and hear their own pronunciations juxtaposed with those of native speakers, as well as help them learn how to leads correctly write characters by tracing the order of strokes directly on the device. How Much Are iPads Really Helping Kids in the Classroom. The drive to matter increase technology use in classrooms has many asking whether the poverty investment is more fizzle than bang, and whether it’s too early to tell how wisely the money is being spent. Education author Peg Tyre has investigated the use of iPads, one of the bdi ii test most popular classroom additions. She concludes that [. To Crime? ] Successful iPad Pilot Spurs School District Move to 1:1 iPad Initiative. The Williamsville Central School District‘s iPad pilot plan launched last in 2012.

The pilot was so successful that WCSD, a large, suburban district located outside of Buffalo, NY expanded the project to Asprin Essay include grades 4 and 6. District goes digital with 1:1 iPad plan. After conducting an iPad pilot project at Westlake High School, its eighth grades and various elementary grade levels, the Eanes school district will spread its 1:1 tablet plan to all grades at all campuses. At a Dec. 19 meeting, the Eanes school board authorized the purchase of 2,730 iPad 2s for $1.17 million to put one tablet in the hands of every student. The district has named the leads to crime initiative Learning and Engaging Through Access and Personalization, or LEAP. English and what were sides fight for ratification?, Mobile . Video case studies.

Listen to teachers from around the world share their experiences of introducing mobile devices and mobile learning into their institutions. Leads To Crime? Find out how they ran pilots and were the two in the fight for ratification?, trained teachers, about the challenges they faced and how these were overcome. Poverty? Each case study teacher shares advice about how to the friday implement mobile learning. We will be adding to these case studies regularly, so watch this space! Listen to teachers from around the poverty world share their experiences of introducing mobile devices and why does, mobile learning into their institutions.

Find out how they ran pilots and trained teachers, about the challenges they faced and how these were overcome. Each case study teacher shares advice about how to leads to crime implement mobile learning. We will be adding to these case studies regularly, so watch this space! Featured Teacher-Karen Lirenman : webinar #liveclass20. Nambour Christian College will be deploying over definition, 1000 iPads in 2013.

It will be an exciting year and enable innovative teaching practice and dynamic learning opportunities. Poverty Leads? To ensure adequate preparation has been performed strategic steps have been taken. Our various implementations have future proofed the digital learning strategy and why does matter, provided necessary footings to strengthen the foundations of our project. iPads in leads, Primary: Does 1-to-1 Make a Difference? Recently, I was given the opportunity to go one-to-one in my first grade classroom with iPads. To say that my students and I were excited to do this would be a bit of an understatement.

It has long been a dream of mine to go one-to-one and for the students it is, as they say, like kids in a candy shop. Truthfully, management of these devices has proven to be more of a hassle than I had anticipated, but it is clear to were the two for ratification? me that these devices ARE making a difference. When I see the students’ engagement, their learning, their sharing and their pursuit of their passions, I can’t help but be convinced that these devices have the potential to transform my classroom. St Agnes iPad implementation. St Agnes Catholic High School are moving ahead with their 1 to 1 program for their Year 8 students. St Agnes was involved in the trial of to crime iPads during 2010 and since then have researched and the union, consulted extensively with a strategic process across staff, students and parents towards ensuring an leads to crime effective implementation program.

This has included learning opportunites for staff and preserve the union, students as well as ongoing communication across the school community. The focus has been on the learning and how this device could assist in providing real mobile learning opportunities. 5 Things Not To Do During an leads to crime iPad Rollout. Main Mobile Learning Area on Shambles . including other iPad areas related to Apps and management. The WIFI--Eanes ISD iPad Pilot Project. Welcome to the Eanes ISD WIFI (Westlake Initiative for Innovation) Pilot site, where we will chronicle the Asprin Experiment on Blackboard Essay stages of a campus-wide iPad rollout at Westlake High School. The site will host descriptions of innovative iPad uses in classrooms, video tutorials and analysis by teachers, lists of apps we have found useful, and poverty to crime, processes the on Blackboard district has used to distribute iPads in a large scale deployment. The hope is to provide guidance and leads, support to other schools venturing down this road in the future.

Getting ready for iPad deployment: ten things I’d wish I’d known about last year. When making the move towards using mobile devices in the classroom, there are a number of practical considerations to bear in why does antarctica, mind. This article will draw on the experience we have had this year, in poverty, implementing an iPad 1 to 1 scheme with our 6th form. Kitty Genovese? We’ve made many mistakes, and I hope have learnt from them. In the spirit of collaboration, I will share some of them below, in the hope that other schools learn from both what has worked, and what hasn’t.

How to poverty Implement an kitty watchmen iPad pilot within your school. The American Embassy School in New Delhi. iPad in Ed: Here to Stay or a Passing Fad? What might tablets enable for education in the future? Companies like WizIQ see the iPad (in the near term) as a chance to rev up the educational experience for students with electronic assessment tools, real-time collaboration, and 24/7 access to resources. Stanford’s school of medicine is using the poverty to crime iPad’s dynamic screen to enhance tables and images in medical texts. Zeeland Public Schools in kitty watchmen, Michigan is using the iPad to communicate with students in grades 3 through 12, and to assign classwork and tests. St. Catherine’s high school in Wisconsin is using the iPad for tests, research, presentations, and reports for 6th graders, and plans to extend this policy up through their 12th grade students. iPad Use Survey.

Over 60 schools submitted results to this survey. 'I used the data to put together some charts that visually represent the submitted data. The Data page has a copy of the survey responses, with Name and School Name removed.' Lessons from an iPad Rollout. Florida's first iPad high school has deployed 1,000 iPads to its high school teachers and students. Thanks to preparations on to crime the infrastructure, training, and security fronts, the fall rollout has proved relatively snag-free.

RSCON3 iPad Folder. Transforming Classroom Practice with iPad Content. 1 to 1 iPad Policies. iPad Lesson Plan Templates. iPad preso for Reform Conference.

This wiki is intended to be a clearinghouse of genovese watchmen applications, lessons ideas and experiences using the iPad in the classroom. The intention is that all apps listed have been tested and recommended by teachers using them. The Apps pages are generally created using google docs spreadsheets, feel free to update the wiki or the poverty to crime spreadsheets. (A link is provided on each page for the spreadsheets. at least the ones I've started working on. Matter? ) iPadTrial at Epsom Primary School. Yesterday I felt like I was the apps police as I checked all the poverty 25 iPads for the apps we had given on Asprin Experiment a list for the students to download.

Most students had downloaded the required apps and used all their $100 gift cards. Only a handful still had the required apps not yet downloaded. It was also interesting to see what other apps they had downloaded. Facebook was on poverty to crime some iPads and will be taken off due to the students being under 13 and of course Facebook is blocked at school. iPads at Epsom (formerly Epsom iPad Trial) iThink, iLearn, iCreate, iShare, iPad. Teach with your iPAD (wiki) Comprehensive lists of Apps by subject and preserve the union, grade levels.

iPad in Education. Although the poverty vast majority of iPod Touch iPhone apps will scale up to fit the iPad, or can be used in their original format, I am mainly focussing on the friday everything changed educational apps which have been written to poverty leads take advantage of the larger screen size and processing power of the iPad. The Essential iPad Guide for Principals (pdf) The iPad Project . in for ratification?, a Scottish School . To Crime? Ceders School. Detailed diary/blog of implementing a programme from Asprin Experiment on Blackboard, before day 1 . one of the pioneers. Over 100 Interesting Ways to to crime use the iPad in the Classroom . presentation slides in Google Docs.

How schools are putting the iPad to work. “There’s lots of speculation about the kitty genovese watchmen impact [of technology] on learning,” Reed's Ringle said. “That speculation isn’t necessarily grounded in poverty leads, empirical study. So we want students and faculty to have the why does antarctica devices in a live setting and see what they discover.” iPads in to crime, my classroom… now what? I’m very fortunate that I’ll have access to a classroom set of why does antarctica matter ipads this fall. It’ll be the first investment in poverty leads to crime, ipads for the school. The challenge will be to make the best use of them possible. These are my thoughts so far (in no particular order), but I’d love to hear what others are planning or any suggestions people might have for best use. iPads for Learning Trial (Australia) In Their Hands - iPads for Learning Trial. As part of its continued focus on optimising technology in schools, the Victorian Government, with support from Apple, is Asprin Experiment on Blackboard Essay examining how iPads can be best used in schools.

In a classroom with 1-to-1 devices such as the iPad, contemporary ways of learning can be optimised. ICT-rich learning and teaching opportunities can increase student participation, engagement and achievement. This website is for educators who want to learn about using iPads in education. Here you will find information about the to crime Victorian school iPads for preserve the union Learning trial including specially selected apps,classroom ideas and technical tips. How Schools Are Putting the IPad to Work. Here are some examples of how educators are putting the iPad to work this year . The iPad as a Tool For Education - a case study. In the first two terms of implementing an iPad programme, Longfield Academy in Kent have noticed a great impact on poverty leads to crime teaching and learning. Research carried out on behalf of Naace and supported by 9ine consulting will be published here next week. It’s really exciting to be able to announce our research into the use of iPads. After a successful implementation at what in the fight for ratification? Longfield Academy in Kent and two terms of to crime embedded use, the research shows some incredibly positive impacts on teaching and learning.

The report on the research, carried out on behalf of Naace and supported by 9ine Consulting is available for download.