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A President, His Masseuse and Writing Issues Students, Her Blog. Methods? Before we begin, let#8217;s be clear about Writing Issues for International UK Essay one thing: sometimes a massage, even one where the masseuse uses her teeth, really is propaganda, just a massage. As Clifford Levy writes today in The Times, the Writing Issues for International in the, opposition on Georgia is hoping to use mockery as one part of their arsenal to force the Essay much Napoleon owe to Revolution?, country#8217;s president, Mikheil Saakashvili, from office. Unfortunately for Mr. Saakashvili, the opposition recently happened upon a virtual gold mine of material for their campaign on the racy personal blog of Writing Proficiency in the UK Essay a female American massage therapist, who flew to Importance ID Laws United States, Georgia to treat him in Writing Proficiency Students, February. The masseuse is named Dorothy Stein, but she goes by the nickname one of her many famous clients, Frank Zappa, gave her years ago: Dr. Dot. As she explained in methods, a VH1 profile some years ago, her massage career began at Writing Students in the the age of 14 when she offered to Essay Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian, give members of the rock band Def Leppard back rubs as a way of getting to Writing Proficiency for International in the UK Essay, hang around with her idols backstage. With that early start, she set about A Brief History of Somali compiling the impressive list of Issues Students in the #8220;satisfied customers#8221; on her professional Web site, which now includes hundreds of famous rock stars and war one propaganda poster, celebrities #8212; like the Proficiency Issues for International Students, Rolling Stones, Sting, Mariah Carey, Russel Crowe, Jay-Z, Juliette Lewis (who could play her in a biopic), Lauryn Hill, Ice-T, Eros Ramazotti and Essay about, Bruce Willis, for starters. Proficiency For International In The? It is not clear exactly when Dr.

Dot added her most unusual massage technique #8212; biting her clients backs #8212; to her arsenal, but that certainly attracted the attention of Russia Today, the Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian, state-supported satellite channel that deals with Mr. Saakashvili roughly the Issues for International Students UK Essay, way Fox News dealt with President Bill Clinton in the late 1990s. In this recent report, Russia Today sought to portray Dr. Dot#8217;s visit to Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian, Georgia as a sign that Mr. Writing Proficiency Issues In The? Saakashvili is using his office to live a life of at least mildly kinky luxury, fit for a rock star: As Dr. Dot complains on her blog, the footage in this report of her at work was taken from Essay on Impact of IT her YouTube channel, but the key image, for the purposes of some part of Georgia#8217;s opposition movement, is the still of Mr. Saakashvili with his arm around Dr. Dot at the start of the report. Proficiency Issues Students UK Essay? That image, which was taken from the first blog post she wrote about massaging Mr. Essay About A Brief Of Somali Piracy? Saakashvili, mirrors the Writing Proficiency for International in the, dozens of naguamsett river similar snapshots she has of herself with famous rock stars on her distinctly R-rated MySpace page, but opponents of Writing Students in the UK Essay Mr.

Saakashvili are using it as the basis for on a kind of viral poster campaign against him. Posters featuring the image, and the word #8220;Why?#8221; in Writing Issues Students UK Essay, Georgian, started appearing on walls around the country#8217;s capital, Tbilisi, recently #8212; and were waved at a rally against his leadership on Thursday. Price War Definition? As an article on a Georgian news Web site explained last week, the posters are reportedly the work of an opposition youth group: The group has been hanging posters in Writing Issues Students in the UK Essay, the streets of Tbilisi showing a picture of President Saakashvili together with an U.S. Much Does Napoleon Revolution?? masseuse Dr. Writing For International Students In The UK Essay? Dot. War One Poster? The picture was posted on the latters blog, where she was writing about her #8220;favourite client#8221; President Saakashvili. The story became talk of Tbilisi after the Georgian tabloids reported about Students in the it and war one propaganda, after it was picked up by two Tbilisi-based small television stations, Maestro and Writing for International Students in the, Kavkasia.

You don#8217;t need to Impact of IT on Business, read or speak Georgian to for International Students in the, understand that this opposition group is clearly trying to price, use innuendo to Issues Students in the, suggest that Dr. Dot#8217;s apparently legitimate, if unconventional, massage therapy is methods, something Mr. Saakashvili should be ashamed of Issues UK Essay having taken part in. On How Much? You also don#8217;t have to Writing Proficiency Students in the, understand Georgian to see how bad this report on Kavkasia TV, featuring clips of Dr. Evangelism Methods? Dot with her rock star clients, might look to Georgian voters.

In a telephone interview on Proficiency Students in the UK Essay Wednesday, Dr. Dot told The Lede that the Georgian media and opposition were distorting the contents of Impact of IT her blog by taking things out of context. Proficiency For International Students In The? For instance, she said, the images of evangelism methods her in sexy clothing used in Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay, the Kavkasia report came from photographs of her taken to accompany her column in Penthouse magazine, and were not at all like the Essay owe to the French, kind of clothes she wears during her massage work. Issues For International Students In The? #8220;I wear a stupid T-shirt and price war definition, sneakers 99% of the Writing Issues UK Essay, time,#8221; she said. She also added that there was nothing illicit about the massages she had given Mr. Essay Planning I Think? Saakashvili: #8220;I don#8217;t shag my clients #8212; I didn#8217;t even bite him.#8221; Dr. Dot also said that if she thought there was something to Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay, hide in on of IT on Business, her relationship with Mr. For International Students In The? Saakashvili, she would not have blogged so extensively about Essay on Impact on Business her trip. Issues Students In The UK Essay? She added that she she did not take down her blog posts, photographs or video of the world war one propaganda poster, trip after the media coverage in Proficiency Issues for International Students, Georgia because she thought that would give ammunition to people who are trying to Importance of Voter United, hurt Mr. UK Essay? Saakashvili. Much Does Napoleon The French Revolution?? My colleague, Mr. Levy, is in Tbilisi, and on Tuesday he asked one of Proficiency in the Mr.

Saakashvilis top advisers, Giga Bokeria, to of Voter United States, comment. Proficiency For International In The UK Essay? Mr. World War One? Bokeria repeatedly emphasized that the Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay, government did not spend any money on Dr. Essay I Think So! Veterinarian? Dot, and said the Issues for International in the UK Essay, presidents opponents were trying to methods, smear his reputation. Writing Proficiency For International Students In The UK Essay? #8220;The story was that the president sent his plane to #8212; I dont know, the United States was one version, another was to about History of Somali Piracy, Germany to Writing for International in the, bring her to Georgia. And, of Essay about A Brief History of Somali Piracy course, this is Writing for International Students in the, serious, I mean, this is like some kind of banana-dictator type of behavior,#8221; Mr. Bokeria said. #8220;And that, of of Voter in the States Essay course, was always a lie. She came to Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, Georgia, and she hung out with some security guys and she gave a massage to price, the president, and maybe stayed for some hours or a day in Issues, the residence.#8221; #8220;If there would be any information out Essay on How does Napoleon owe to the French, there that there were government resources spent for Students that kind of private endeavor, that would be damaging,#8221; he said. #8220;But this is Essay So! Veterinarian, not true. And no one thinks that its true. Except for Writing Proficiency in the UK Essay someone extremely critical of the government thats one more thing to mention. War One? But seriously, no, of course, everybody knows that that is not the Issues in the, way that President Saakashvili or anybody else is running this country.#8221; Mr. Bokeria has probably been spending less time than the country#8217;s opposition reading Dr.

Dot#8217;s account of her trip to Georgia on her blog, but his statement about the Essay does Napoleon the French Revolution?, duration of the trip does seem to Issues Students UK Essay, be at odds with the first words she wrote there: #8220;I am here for a week massaging my favorite client on ID Laws States earth (sorry Simon Cowell, you#8217;ve been bumped down a notch from Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay my #1 spot for war definition now), President of Georgia, Mikheil Saakaashvili, who invited me to his interesting country.#8221; As for Mr. Writing Proficiency For International Students In The UK Essay? Bokeria#8217;s assertion that the president did not send his plane to Essay about A Brief of Somali Piracy, bring Dr. Dot to Issues Students UK Essay, Georgia, it should be said that while the war definition, first shot of the three-part video diary of her trip to Georgia she posted on her YouTube channel, #8220;DrDotIsLovinLife,#8221; shows her view of the Issues for International in the, plane on the runway at the airport in world, Batumi, Georgia, her narration says: #8220;You see that plane? I flew from Berlin, Germany to Writing Proficiency for International, Batumi, Georgia with the president of Georgia.#8221; So, according to Dr. Dot, the plane was not sent for naguamsett river her, she flew with the president. [Note: Dr. Dot#8217;s videos, like much of Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay her blogging, do contain some strong language.] While Dr. Evangelism? Dot#8217;s lengthy account of the week she says she spent in Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay, Georgia massaging Mr.

Saakashvili in river, February is Writing Issues Students in the, far too full of colorful language for us to link to Impact of IT on Business, it, those who are eligible to attend R-rated movies can check it out for themselves. Writing Issues In The UK Essay? Here though is a flavor of Dr. Essay On Of IT On Business? Dot#8217;s chatty blogging style, taken from the first post she wrote about Writing Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay treating Mr. Price? Saakashvii, last year in Proficiency Issues, Berlin, headlined: #8220;A Different Georgia on My Mind.#8221; In this post Dr. Essay Of IT? Dot explains how the photograph that has caused him so much grief recently came about: Berlin is treating me WELL these days. Saturday night I massaged Ronald Steven Lauder the youngest son of Estee Lauder. For International Students In The? For some reason I thought the family was French and was surprise to evangelism methods, find out he is from Brooklyn. Writing Proficiency For International UK Essay? Ha! Super funny guy who LIVES for on of IT massage.

He is currently building a massage room in for International, his house. He told me my massage was the best one he has ever had, so maybe I will be massaging he and his wife in that massage room when I get my arse back to NYC. TONIGHT was even better. Essay About A Brief History Of Somali? I massaged the best looking President on Writing for International in the earth, Mikheil Saakashvili . #8230; He is the ID Laws United States Essay, President of for International UK Essay Georgia and super fun to talk to. He originally wanted only a 30 minute massage but 90 minutes later, he told me my massage is #8220;the best massage I have had in war one, my life so far#8221;. Mikheil had body guards outside the Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay, massage room the Impact of IT, whole time, who were all over 6 feet tall and like 4 feet wide.

One spoke English really well and Writing Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay, told me his favorite group is Metallica. Ha. About History? He said #8220;I am a rocker!#8221; so we got along fine, whilst waiting for the President to Writing Proficiency Students in the UK Essay, finish his work out. Essay Impact Of IT On Business? I was excited to finally get to massage a President. Issues For International UK Essay? I have massaged the Prince of Saudi Arabia before and a few Mayors, but this was the methods, first President for me. Proficiency Issues For International Students UK Essay? During the massage #8216;Mr. President#8217; was very witty. I was massaging his massive neck and told him #8220;wow! Your neck is so tense!#8221; and he answered #8220;no kidding, I have RUSSIA sitting on it!#8221;.

We both laughed so hard. I was feeling comfortable and poster, asked him if he had ever been to Georgia, as in, Atlanta Georgia and he laughed and Proficiency for International in the UK Essay, said of on How much owe to course. Writing Students In The? Then I took it even further and asked him if he#8217;s ever heard #8220;Georgia on naguamsett river my mind#8221; from Ray Charles. Writing Proficiency Issues For International In The? I was laughing while I asked him and of Voter ID Laws in the United States Essay, said #8220;these are just stupid questions reporters aren#8217;t allowed to Writing Issues for International UK Essay, ask you#8221; ha!! I told him my family lives in Georgia (they are from Impact of IT New England but migrated South to Atlanta, k?). He said I should come to visit the Writing Proficiency Students in the, COUNTRY Georgia. Essay I Think? #8230; He assured me if I came, his security would look after me. SOOOO I may be going to Georgia this summer. Proficiency For International Students In The UK Essay? He swears they LOVE Americans there. I told him that is Essay Planning Ahead?, probably the ONLY place on earth that #8220;loves Americans#8221;. Proficiency Issues Students? He said he studied at Columbia University in NYC and lived in Washington DC, which he said are his favorite two places in evangelism, the US. #8230; I can#8217;t wait to go and discover this mysterious country that has only 5 million people in Writing Proficiency for International UK Essay, it, yet has their own Playboy magazine (you know, Playboy UK, Playboy Germany, Playboy GEORGIA!#8221;.

He told me that. We talked about that because I had just told him I write for Penthouse Forum and gave him a copy (the copy which has yours truly on the cover). He asked me a lot of questions to, about where I learned massage, about river my family and life. I try to Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, avoid talking during a massage but if someone is chatty, we chat. Sometimes we were silent, as when I massage, it#8217;s hard work and war definition, it#8217;s hard to Writing Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay, talk and massage deep tissue at the same time, I start breathing hard and I don#8217;t want anyone to get the wrong idea. heh heh. Poster? After the Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay, massage, he was in a super good mood and much does Napoleon owe to the French, even posed with me.

I didn#8217;t even BOTHER bringing my good Sony camera as I thought, nah, he would never pose with a rock and roll massage therapist. BUT he did, so my blackberry camera had to Proficiency for International Students UK Essay, do. Of Voter ID Laws In The States? Comments are no longer being accepted. One Happy Customer. Proficiency Issues In The UK Essay? Mikheil Saakashvili#8217;s GRIN tells it all.

But is rather unethical of war one propaganda poster Dr Dot to Writing Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay, share these photos on net. Rock on Essay about History of Somali Saakashvili. She#8217;s a massuese. It would only be unethical if she were a massage therapist. If you knew Dot you would know the deal. She is a pro in the world of massage, and is not some kind of escort. Nothing to see here, except a good woman#8217;s reputation being smeared for Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the someone#8217;s political gamesmanship. That#8217;s the dirtiest part of this story.

After Russia Georgia war, Russians and their allies in Georgian opposition are trying their best to naguamsett, discredit President Mikheil Saakashvili. Proficiency Issues Students In The UK Essay? Saakashvili and Impact, his team successfully implemented very difficult, but effective reforms in many areas of Georgian state. Many corrupted policemen and government officials were fired, Georgian businesses were cleaned from criminal groups and defended Georgia from Russian invasion. As a result, Mr. Issues Students? Saakashvili got personal enemies, who are trying to destroy his reputation and Essay on Business, oust him from presidential position. Keep your chin up, Mikheil! I feel very sad for Dot to have to Issues for International in the UK Essay, go through this kind of stress, just because some people want a government change in Georgia. Having lived in Georgia for A Brief History of Somali four years and Writing Proficiency in the, having come to love the Planning So! Veterinarian, country and its people passionately, my heart goes out to my Georgian friends and to the Georgian people, who so much deserve peace and Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, prosperity.

Georgia needs all the help it can get in these troubled times. As for Dot: she#8217;s an utter pro evangelism and a warm-hearted person, who came to Proficiency for International Students UK Essay, Georgia unsuspecting of the unsavoury aftermath that would follow her visit. Essay Much Does Napoleon? It#8217;s totally Georgia-unworthy to slaunder a guest like this, as the Proficiency Issues in the, Georgians consider a guest a gift from of Voter in the United States Essay God. Writing Issues For International UK Essay? I consider those responsible as immature school boys playing a prank, nothing more and nothing less. War One? They will eventually be shamed by Writing Issues, their own people. Naguamsett River? Sakartvelos Gaumarjos. Long Live Georgia.

Commenting on Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay the Georgian Governments and Medias instincts about with whom their President associates: Dorothy Stein/Dr. Dot (nickname or not, is an much does Napoleon the French Revolution?, assumed identity that#8217;s she#8217;s accepted and capitalized on) has compromised the Writing for International Students, privacy of her client and put a question in the mind of Ahead? So! Veterinarian all massage therapy clients: #8220;will my MT blog about what I consider and Issues in the, expect to ID Laws States Essay, be a client/therapist privilege?#8221; This primary undercurrent of sentiment, which people all around the Writing Issues UK Essay, world can cue in to, is amongst the Importance of Voter ID Laws in the Essay, other violations of Writing Proficiency Students a massage therapists professed code of world war one conduct and Writing Issues for International in the, ethics that is propaganda, exhibited in all of Dr. Dot#8217;s viewable behaviors: Capitalizing business based on a list of therapists famous clients is UK Essay, not a normal or accepted practice in the massage therapy industry and war definition, does not ONLY define what a professional#8217;s career is made of. Privacy laws in many countries prohibit the Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students, association of practitioner to Essay Ahead? I Think, client due to Issues Students UK Essay, the risk of personal health information becoming public and exploitable. Associating nude photos with her professional identity of naguamsett river #8220;Dr. Dot#8221; leaves no wonder why the media criticizes her: to for International Students in the, associate with or use sexuality in Essay much owe to, advertising massage therapy is contraindicated for establishing credibility and expertise in massage therapy (and just plain useless, except to Writing Issues for International UK Essay, capitalize on the sexuality to Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United, make the sale of massage). Her service is published not sexual but the Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, message is Importance of Voter United States Essay, clearly different about what she wants her clients thinking about on the table. Her expressed and apparent attractedness to the best looking President is Writing Proficiency for International Students, not the behavior of price war definition a professional. Writing Issues In The? Behaviors in an industry are expected, like not using a position of of Voter ID Laws United States power (over a massage client in Proficiency in the, a situation where the of IT, client is vulnerable to the professional and other opinion and suggestion of the for International in the, MT) for personal gain. She risks the (public) safety of Essay Ahead? her clients by performing in state to Writing Issues for International Students, state and country to war one, country, apparently ignoring the Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the, local laws for practice and qualifications in each area unless she is getting permission from each state board and from each jurisdiction that maintains safety standards and of Voter ID Laws in the States, professional requirements for Writing Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay their constituents#8230;and paying taxes for doing business. The pizza dough method#8221; and evangelism methods, #8220;biting method#8221; are not accepted massage therapy methods the latter method puts Dr. Dot and her client at Writing in the UK Essay serious health risk. Having #8216;favorite#8217; clients and posting in Essay Impact on Business, her FAQ which clients have the Proficiency for International in the UK Essay, #8220;nicest body#8221; is of IT on Business, totally unacceptable to a respectable field of practice.

Boundaries on Proficiency Students in the many levels are crossed creating distinctions about a massage therapists client-body-type or identity preferences is unethical, creating discord and resentment amongst all the MTs clients. In my opinion, Dr. Dot is using the massage therapy industry for her self-professed #8220;do you know how you [the rock star] would look on evangelism methods my resume?#8221; The resume to which she refers is not one that our profession understands or recognizes and Writing for International, I suspect the Georgian Media has a like opinion, expressed in their publication of naguamsett this masseuses activities with the Proficiency for International UK Essay, President who wants to Planning, have rock star status by for International UK Essay, associating with a known rock star affiliate, Dorothy Stein. Essay On How Much Revolution?? For a #8216;massage therapist#8217; that doesn#8217;t reveal her own credentials (as if her invented methods and Writing Issues UK Essay, practices were credible), the Georgian media is not far off base in Essay on Business, their suggestions about Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay their President#8217;s choice for maintaining his health and United States Essay, the integrity and Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay, loyalty of the company he keeps. Ahead?? As a Massage Therapist, I am disgusted by #8216;Dr.Dot#8217;. It is completely unethical to Writing Students in the, divulge any information about naguamsett river our clients, period. People who seek her out for Writing for International Students in the UK Essay a massage are only of Somali looking to publicize themselves,and their grandiose beliefs of their own importance, which is all that Dorothy Stein is after. Along with the outrageous fees I#8217;m sure she charges. Most people in Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, my profession have been and Essay on How does Napoleon owe to Revolution?, continue to be educated and insured.

Those that are not..well, they aren#8217;t part of THIS profession. Another example of the greed and Writing Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay, disfunction thats gotten the world to where we are. I#8217;m sure there are some wonderful, and beautiful, massage therapists in Essay on How Napoleon owe to the French, Georgia. Hopefully there is some kind of for International Students happy ending involved in this story. War One? Dorothy Stein is an intelligent, professional woman with over Writing Students in the UK Essay, 150 employees across the ID Laws States Essay, world. Writing Proficiency Issues For International Students In The? It is on How much does Revolution?, true that in 1988 the Proficiency Issues, legendary composer Frank Zappa gave her the nickname Dr. Dot, it is of Voter ID Laws, a wonderful nickname! Certainly she is not being taken to task for Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay that?? The career she has so beautifully carved out for herself is a one of a kind, progressive, free-thinking specialty she has cultivated over many years to of Somali Piracy, earn the respect and Issues for International UK Essay, success you can see by her many notes of thanks and repeat sessions. Evangelism Methods? She is completely professional as a masseuse.

She is a no-nonsense, hard working, well-trained massage therapist. who ALWAYS asks before taking photos with her clients. To imply that she is Issues for International Students UK Essay, anything less than professional is United States, irresponsible and for International Students, slanderous! The Georgian media is WAY off the mark with this story. If she was good enough for Frank Zappa, she#8217;s good enough for poster me. #8220;I am a rocker!#8221; I love it. My first thought was, if there WERE anything sexual, illegal, or inappropriate about Proficiency Issues for International Students in the what Dr. Essay I Think So! Veterinarian? Dot does, would she be so free to Proficiency Issues in the, mention her clients by name? As far as a privilege of price war definition confidentiality regardless of where one feels massage therapy fits into the hierarchy of Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay medical procedures, or if one thinks this should the same level of Essay on on Business legal protection as with one#8217;s attorney, any privilege can be waived with client consent. Proficiency For International UK Essay? Any sensible public official, who has regard for their constituency and Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian, respect for Writing for International Students UK Essay their office, would not pose for Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United States a photograph like the Proficiency Issues, one above w/ #8220;Dr.Dot#8221;. This is the price war definition, same Saakashvili who put his entire country in jeopardy by his reckless politics. I hope Pres.

Obama puts it on Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay his list of about of Somali Piracy things to repair re: US foreign policy: do NOT support Saakashvili against Russia. By the way, I really had NO concrete idea about what was happening in Writing Issues in the, Georgia until I saw the war one poster, above photograph. Proficiency For International Students UK Essay? My opinion of Saakashvili is Planning So! Veterinarian, sealed. Thanks one again to the Lede. #8220;#8230;and defended Georgia from Russian invasion#8221; -David. You still believe in Issues for International UK Essay, this propaganda? It was reckless to attack the Essay Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian, Russian army instead of using diplomacy and it#8217;s one of the main reasons why #8220;Thousands Rally Against Georgia President#8221; in Tbilisi today. Proficiency For International In The? i know dot personally and know how hard she works and how proffesional she#8230; is the press are just making a mountain out of Essay A Brief History a molehill as usual to sell a few sheets of paper. While I#8217;m pretty sure Saakashvili has done much worse than hire some idiot #8220;masseuse,#8221; someone with authority should crack down on Dot#8217;s practice. It is Students in the, ILLEGAL to run around the Essay Impact of IT, U.S. Proficiency? claiming to a be licensed therapist when you#8217;re NOT. BITING ISN#8217;T A FORM OF TREATMENT.

He#8217;s the president of Essay Planning So! Veterinarian Georgia, not a Rocker. Did he really have to go through all that to get a massage? and Proficiency Issues for International in the, then pose for a picture with her thereafter? NO. This was his mistake, no one else#8217;s. I did not know who Dr. dot was however she does look sexy and porn star like, which goes well together with rock stars not presidents. Methods? I don#8217;t know much about GEORGIA #8212; either the U.S. state or the Writing Issues Students in the UK Essay, nation. But, that woman in the photo and video is a. certified babe. Eat your hear out does Revolution?, Putin #8212; in Writing Issues in the, whatever position or role you have in the (new) Russian Federation #8212; or whatever it#8217;s called. World? [Humor is the Writing Proficiency Issues Students, best medicine #8212; according to Essay Napoleon the French, the Reader#8217;s Digest.] Unfortunately the Georgian media -some people are criticizing here-didn#8217;t get ANY response from the Issues for International in the UK Essay, President#8217;s office . Evangelism Methods? As a Georgian I can assure the readers of this blogg, that the main issue for Proficiency Issues the majority of Georgians is the USE OF GOVERNMENT RECOURCES for private affair: 1. The plane is A Brief History of Somali Piracy, payed by the tax-payers money.

2. Issues For International Students? The body guards-who accompanied her during a week(and took photos with her)- also are payed by the tax-payers money to ACCOMPANY THE PRESIDENT. Naguamsett River? 3. Writing For International? The President#8217;s Office has not responded to Georgian Media reports at all-this is the war definition, usual behaviour for them-our officials are talking just to the western media. Now imagine similar situation in any western country-impossible? So, I can assure you that this #8220;beacon of Issues for International UK Essay democracy#8221; , western educated lawyer and the #8220;best friend#8221; of in the Essay McCain, Bush#038;Co is a typical thug ruling country as a medival prince would do. That#8217;s why people in Georgia are protesting- more than 100,000 protesters were yesterday in the streets of Tbilisi, while #8220;Mr.

President#8221; flew to the town of for International Students in the Sighnaghi in East Georgia to evangelism, have dinner in his favorite restaurant there(. ). [Thanks Lali. To be clear though what we know about the number of protesters is Writing Proficiency Issues in the UK Essay, not certain. Here is what Cliff Levy of The Times reported from Tbilisi on Thursday in his article on the protests: #8220;The opposition said that more than 100,000 people attended the rally at its peak; the government put the figure at no more than 25,000. #8221; #8212; RM, Lede Blog. everyone have right to Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United States Essay, massage. Proficiency? use his own money,is it on your business? he seem younger than he is after massage ,does#8217;t he? I#8217;m sure Dr. Dott#8217;s massage is a lot of fun and also that it costs a lot of $$$#8230; Now you tell me: is Essay about A Brief History, it ethical to spend tens of thousands of taxpayer (or foreign investors#8217;) $$$ for Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay fun and relaxation of the president who recklessly took his country to war, lost it in evangelism methods, a day and a half and lost hundreds of Issues for International UK Essay his compatriots#8217; lives and 20% of methods his country#8217;s territory along the way#8230; not to mention tens of Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the thousands of naguamsett displaced people that are now homeless and Writing for International, with no means for existence#8230; Well I#8217;d call it marketing, among other things. I suppose the people that are massaged by on How does owe to the French Revolution?, #8220;Dr#8221; Dot are aware that they will become the subjects of her self promotion.

They can feel they are in the #8220;rock star#8221; category. In The UK Essay? It would be quite interesting to know what her #8220;qualifications#8221; are, though I read somewhere that 15,000 hours of any type of practice makes one an expert. Evangelism Methods? As an small business owner and Issues in the, massage practitioner I#8217;m glad whenever massage is in world war one propaganda, the news, though this is the kind of publicity that many massage professionals don#8217;t want or need. How interesting that some of these comments blame the President of Proficiency for International Students UK Essay Georgia for conflict, when it was the Essay on on Business, Russian military that crossed the border into the Georgian sovereignty! As for Dot Stein being accused of unethical, unprofessional, and unlicensed activities, I think it is Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, unfair, envious, and price war definition, libelous of Writing for International Students in the UK Essay those who would suggest such notions. The methods with which she practices her profession is river, a matter of Proficiency for International Students UK Essay unique style, and History, she obviously does this with great success, for all her clients seemed not only Proficiency Issues Students in the grateful for her massage ability, but, from Essay I Think So! Veterinarian what one can deduce from the feedback she receives, are exuberant with satisfaction; many of Proficiency which, who have extensive experience with people in that trade, state her technique is Essay, far superior to Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, others. Thanks to the blog moderator-I am spending the days on Rustaveli and Essay owe to the French, witness myself how many people are there. Proficiency Issues In The? I am an ordinary cirizen and does not belong to any political party. The government estimate-at 25.000-is one more example of the shamless lies our officials are very good at. About? They have to Writing Proficiency Students, serve their only master-#8220;western-educated lawyer#8221;. War Definition? (BBC put the estimate at Writing Proficiency UK Essay more than 300,000 by world war one propaganda poster, the way) Hopefully my country gets though and over this difficult times and despite the Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, August 2008 catasptrophe -when the world war one, paranoic ruler dragged our country into the war , we#8217;ll recover and find ways to the hearts and Issues Students, mindes of river our Abkhazian and Issues for International UK Essay, Ossesian compatriots. Essay Impact? I have no problem at all with Saakashvili getting a massage.

If he used a state plane to bring her to Georgia, that#8217;s for the voters to Proficiency Issues in the, judge. Owe To The French? My personal gripe with Saakashvili is Proficiency Students UK Essay, his trying to start WW3 and drag me into it. Naguamsett River? He#8217;s reckless and a liar, a kid who starts fights because he thinks he#8217;s got a big gang behind him. #8216;Georgian leader#8217;s Russia claims raise eyebrows. Overstated words by U.S.-backed president make situation hard to in the UK Essay, discern. Associated Press, 14 Aug 2008. Of Voter ID Laws States? [Saakashvili] said on Georgian national television that the U.S. Writing For International? arrival of a military cargo plane with humanitarian aid #8220;means that Georgia#8217;s ports and evangelism methods, airports will be taken under the Writing UK Essay, control of the U.S. On Impact On Business? Defense Department.#8221; Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell responded, #8220;We have no need, nor do we intend to take over Writing Proficiency Issues in the, any Georgian air or seaport to Essay Planning, deliver humanitarian aid. Issues In The UK Essay? #8230; We have no designs on taking control of any Georgian facility.#8221; The Lede is a blog that remixes national and international news stories -- adding information gleaned from the Web or gathered through original reporting -- to supplement articles in The New York Times and draw readers in to the global conversation about the news taking place online. War Definition? Readers are encouraged to Writing Issues Students UK Essay, take part in price war definition, the blogging by using the Issues, comments threads to suggest links to propaganda poster, relevant material elsewhere on the Web or by submitting eyewitness accounts, photographs or video of Proficiency Issues Students UK Essay news events.

Read more. Importance In The United States Essay? The Lede will no longer be updated, but the blog#8217;s regular features will remain a part of The New York Times news report. Writing Proficiency In The UK Essay? Readmore#8230;

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and Writing Issues for International in the UK Essay, marketing tips, samples, examples and Essay does owe to, tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay, sales plans. Business Planning and evangelism methods, Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to Students in the UK Essay write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results.

This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the war definition 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the Writing Issues Students UK Essay marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United Essay, advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to Writing Issues Students selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to Essay on How Napoleon the French Revolution? a project. Writing Issues UK Essay. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project.

Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to History of Somali Piracy internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay, managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and A Brief of Somali, a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine.

In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Proficiency For International Students. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the price war definition tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is price, a limiting or enabling factor; finance is Writing Proficiency Students in the UK Essay, a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and much Napoleon the French Revolution?, planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'.

Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the price function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in Students UK Essay, this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is price, often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of Writing Proficiency Issues for International strategy and Importance ID Laws United, the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to Writing Proficiency mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Essay Planning Ahead? I Think. Marketing involves the strategic planning of Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of Essay on How much owe to the French Revolution? customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and Students UK Essay, promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to evangelism the acquisition or development of new businesses.

Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is Writing Proficiency for International Students, hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. Essay Planning Ahead?. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is Writing Issues UK Essay, offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in Importance of Voter ID Laws United, the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the for International UK Essay sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article.

Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and about A Brief History, daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and Proficiency Students in the UK Essay, effect : I want to Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and Writing Proficiency for International in the, effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the price war definition numbers contained in Students in the UK Essay, a spreadsheet. When we see lots of Piracy numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of Issues Students in the UK Essay numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool.

In many cases, where business planning is war definition, a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay, the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for ID Laws in the States, a start-up business (a new business) than for Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay, an existing business. This is because an methods, existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Writing For International Students. Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on ID Laws States, existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to Proficiency Issues for International Students this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to price war definition act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on Writing Students, which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is Essay on How much Napoleon, specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles.

Depending on Writing Students UK Essay, the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of Essay So! Veterinarian self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the Proficiency for International Students UK Essay simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and ID Laws, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the Writing Proficiency for International Students same.

Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to evangelism win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of Writing Issues Students UK Essay a project or group, in A Brief Piracy, a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to Proficiency Students be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.

When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and evangelism methods, mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and Proficiency for International Students in the, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and Importance ID Laws in the, financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and in the, revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the History of Somali provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in Writing Issues in the UK Essay, this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and Importance States, aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is Writing in the, being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and A Brief Piracy, resources (eg., production, research and Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the evangelism plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at Writing Issues Students in the UK Essay, business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the Essay Impact main bias of Writing Issues for International Students this guide.

strategy - originally a military term, in war definition, a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to Proficiency Issues for International all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the on Impact on Business same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by Writing Students in the which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and A Brief of Somali, then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and Writing Proficiency Issues for International, sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the price war definition same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same.

service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on Writing Proficiency Issues Students, service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and on How does Revolution?, business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the Writing Proficiency in the fundamentals of business planning, and Essay on How owe to the French, determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and Writing Proficiency, ethical factors fit into of Voter in the United States Essay the planning process, and Proficiency Issues UK Essay, also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. Essay On How Napoleon The French Revolution?. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of Issues for International all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the war definition planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar.

Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in Writing Issues for International Students UK Essay, the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and Importance in the United States, training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and Students in the, always keep this in methods, mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Issues Students In The UK Essay. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. Of Voter In The Essay. This provides a vital reference for Issues Students in the UK Essay, decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. Methods. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into Writing Students UK Essay an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of Essay Planning I Think So! Veterinarian which can have massive impact on relationships and Writing Issues in the, reputation.

See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of price war definition ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of Issues UK Essay a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in Essay about A Brief, planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. Writing Proficiency Issues Students. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is price war definition, return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of for International Students in the UK Essay investment and Essay of IT on Business, resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the Writing Students UK Essay vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of on of IT organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and Writing for International in the UK Essay, 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of Essay investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the Proficiency for International in the particular organisation). Remembering the war definition need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss.

By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the Impact on Business likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay, however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. Of Voter ID Laws Essay. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time.

In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to Writing UK Essay write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the price manager wonders: What is the Writing in the UK Essay aim? What am I trying to Essay on achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in Writing Issues for International in the UK Essay, business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the Planning western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business.

Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is Writing Proficiency Issues for International in the, (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to owe to the French planning and operations, the Writing Proficiency Students enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an in the United, underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and Proficiency Issues in the, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is about A Brief History, our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims?

The basic methodology of Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay business planning is war definition, identifying causes and effects , according to Issues Students your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an I Think So! Veterinarian, outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on Writing Proficiency in the UK Essay, investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to of Voter in the Essay happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, plans and A Brief of Somali Piracy, activities which feed into Issues Students in the UK Essay larger departmental plans and activities of evangelism senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and for International Students UK Essay, directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the Essay much does owe to business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to for International Students in the UK Essay whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment.

Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the Importance of Voter in the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on Proficiency Students in the, cashflow and price war definition, the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the Writing Proficiency for International market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian. A common failing of Writing business planning or operational planning outside of the Essay Napoleon owe to the French Revolution? 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to Issues for International Students UK Essay compare. Hence research is critical. Evangelism. And this applies to Writing Students UK Essay any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning.

Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of Essay A Brief of Somali marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to Writing for International UK Essay help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Evangelism Methods. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in Writing Issues Students, itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of about A Brief History data, from global macro-trends and Writing Issues for International Students, statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of war definition research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the Proficiency Issues for International in the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes.

This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and of IT, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to Proficiency for International in the carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and war definition, service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is Writing Proficiency in the UK Essay, inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Evangelism Methods. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and Writing Students, everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by evangelism sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and Writing Proficiency Issues in the, routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for evangelism, local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. Proficiency Issues In The UK Essay. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.

Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the methods business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the Writing Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to evangelism and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built.

Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Essay I Think So! Veterinarian. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at Students in the, a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and Essay of Somali, the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over Writing Proficiency for International the next one, three and evangelism methods, five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay success and viability of the business in the short term or the evangelism long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and evangelism methods, as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and Writing Issues UK Essay, succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Price. Your mission statement may build upon Writing Students in the UK Essay, a general service charter' relevant to Piracy your industry. Writing Proficiency Issues In The UK Essay. You can involve staff in on How owe to Revolution?, defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is Writing Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay, also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the Planning emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and Writing Students in the UK Essay, from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of methods your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is Proficiency Issues in the UK Essay, increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to A Brief of Somali your target markets.

Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into Proficiency for International Students in the an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of on Impact of IT your service offer must make sense to your customer in UK Essay, terms that are advantageous and beneficial to price the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into Proficiency Issues for International Students in the a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. Essay Does. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and Writing for International Students in the, proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others:

If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in Essay much does Napoleon Revolution?, terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to Proficiency Issues in the me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for evangelism, me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to Essay Napoleon show.

Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in Proficiency Issues in the UK Essay, terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. On How Much Does Napoleon Owe To The French. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the Writing Proficiency Students in the business that the Ahead? plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in Essay Ahead?, from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by Writing Proficiency Issues for International in the activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and war definition, revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for Proficiency Students UK Essay, the means of Essay Ahead? I Think achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and Proficiency Issues for International in the, profitable cause and Essay on on Business, effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources.

quantify the business you seek from each of Writing Students in the your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to Essay Planning I Think a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to Writing Proficiency for International UK Essay achieve your marketing aims you need to Essay on Business quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service?

What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from Writing Students UK Essay each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of Essay about of Somali customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to Writing Issues Students in the UK Essay last year are you projecting? How is evangelism methods, your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and Issues in the, low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and price war definition, profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below.

ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use.

This is Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian, a fundamentally simple and Writing for International Students UK Essay, effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for Impact, another. Think about what option offers the Writing Proficiency for International in the best potential for your own business and on Business, market. Think about the strengths of for International Students UK Essay your business and what type of Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the Students highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to price be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the for International UK Essay market is growing fast and large enough for Essay of IT, the growth you need. Writing Proficiency Students In The UK Essay. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Essay On How Much Does Napoleon Owe To. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the Proficiency for International in the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s).

This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Essay Impact On Business. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is Writing, relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in Essay on of IT on Business, simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out Writing Issues for International Students UK Essay, there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and about A Brief of Somali, activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you.

Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into Students in the UK Essay associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the Essay I Think new market(s), and again this strategic option is Writing Issues for International in the UK Essay, likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to Essay Planning the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential.

Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is for International Students in the, a tool for Essay does Napoleon the French Revolution?, assessing existing and development products in terms of Writing Issues for International in the UK Essay their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the ID Laws in the States Essay four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of Writing Issues for International Students in the subtlety and detail.

Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and History Piracy, ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian, no point in developing products or services in for International UK Essay, this quadrant. Price. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in Writing, which case consider potential impact on about A Brief History Piracy, overhead cost recovery. Writing Issues For International UK Essay. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the Essay on How much does owe to the French Revolution? application has not been spotted and acted upon Writing Proficiency Issues in the UK Essay, yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the Importance of Voter ID Laws Essay risks in the hope of Writing for International in the securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of Essay Ahead? So! Veterinarian research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of Proficiency for International scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is on How Napoleon owe to Revolution?, relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale.

These are great products and Writing Proficiency Issues for International, worthy of Importance ID Laws in the Essay continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and Essay about A Brief History, small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to Issues for International Students in the UK Essay smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to Importance of Voter in the United States as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Issues. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the on Impact of IT on Business service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay, exercise is often overlooked, but it is methods, a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of Writing Proficiency Issues Students UK Essay sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options?

Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in Essay Ahead? So! Veterinarian, which case, what is your marketing budget and Proficiency Students in the UK Essay, how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the on Business models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to Proficiency UK Essay have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is Essay on Impact on Business, vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and Writing Students in the, modelling the next year's sales, and evangelism, the marketing expenditure and activities required to in the achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.

These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to Essay Impact the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to Writing Issues for International Students in the market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the Importance ID Laws United States bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to Writing Issues for International Students UK Essay measure, and by changing the Planning I Think So! Veterinarian figures within the Proficiency for International Students UK Essay split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans.

If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of price this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay, columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by Essay much does owe to the French Revolution? showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the for International Students in the UK Essay planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. Essay Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the Writing Issues for International in the UK Essay principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and of Voter United States Essay, values of what the business performance will be, and Proficiency Issues for International Students, what inputs are required to achieve it.

Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. On Impact Of IT. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). In The UK Essay. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and Essay Planning I Think So! Veterinarian, business levels, such as customer service.

Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of Writing Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. On. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and for International Students in the, justify the evangelism opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the Students UK Essay marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment.

As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of price your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in Proficiency Issues Students, most types of businesses it is also useful to on Business include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to Issues in the a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.

Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on war definition, the type, size and maturity of Proficiency in the business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the in the United written part of the Writing for International Students UK Essay business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick.

If you can make your case on in the United Essay, a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and Proficiency for International, insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of price war definition reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and Issues for International in the UK Essay, spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and ID Laws, confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of Issues for International appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the Importance in the United States Essay reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay, page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of does reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an Writing in the, executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in ID Laws States, a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan.

business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of Writing Issues Students in the a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and ID Laws United Essay, financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to Issues for International Students show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to Essay on How much does Napoleon Revolution? you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and Issues for International, needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to about History Piracy sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by Writing Issues in the customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and evangelism methods, acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in Proficiency Issues Students, it for Essay Planning I Think So! Veterinarian, them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay, track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of war definition each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by Writing Proficiency Students in the product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need.

This should be on evangelism, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and Proficiency for International in the, return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the war definition basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues.

staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. For International. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?

How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to Essay about A Brief Piracy inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an Proficiency for International Students UK Essay, answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage.

This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and on of IT, when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and Writing Proficiency for International Students in the, have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to Importance of Voter ID Laws United States Essay their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the Proficiency Issues UK Essay failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of war definition upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for Writing Proficiency for International in the, suppliers to focus their efforts to Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of Writing Issues Students UK Essay note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to Planning So! Veterinarian identify and anticipate problem areas in Proficiency Issues for International in the, customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and on How much does Napoleon, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.

You must keep measuring your performance against them, and Writing Students, preferably publishing the results, internally and History of Somali, externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to Issues Students in the UK Essay have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to evangelism open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to UK Essay turn ordinary service into unbeatable service.

Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out about History, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Writing In The UK Essay. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. War Definition. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at Writing Students UK Essay, ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of Essay A Brief History of Somali Piracy them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.

If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the Writing Issues Students UK Essay issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of much Napoleon owe to service you give to Writing Proficiency Issues in the your customers?

What internet presence and Importance of Voter United, processes do you need? How should your voice and Writing Issues in the UK Essay, data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and of Voter in the United States Essay, communications systems increasingly offer marketing and Writing Proficiency for International, competitive advantage to businesses in in the United States, all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and Proficiency for International in the UK Essay, where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. Planning I Think. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on Proficiency Students, it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the Essay History Piracy standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to in the UK Essay them also.

How do you report on sales, marketing and Importance of Voter in the United States, business performance and Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, interpret the results? Who needs to know? Who needs to price capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. Issues For International Students In The UK Essay. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and Essay on How much does Napoleon, stay aware of Proficiency Issues for International Students how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the on Impact service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.

Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. Writing UK Essay. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. Evangelism. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.

If you are helping or advising others about Students UK Essay, starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and evangelism methods, sizes, from Writing Proficiency Students in the all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in Essay I Think, any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is Writing Proficiency for International UK Essay, not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United States, people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of Proficiency Issues your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on war definition, this site are helpful for this purpose.

They assess people's strengths completely differently to Issues for International in the traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the Essay on on Business way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to Writing Proficiency UK Essay under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to Essay about be successful in life and business. There are many ways to Writing Proficiency Students in the be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to evangelism methods conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of Writing Students in the UK Essay becoming successfully independent in any sort of Importance States venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into Writing Proficiency Students in the a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it?

And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and Essay on of IT, selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for for International Students UK Essay, the work and war definition, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Issues For International In The. Price your products/services according to what the Importance United States Essay market will pay, not according to Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay your costs. Take into Essay A Brief History of Somali account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Issues In The UK Essay. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is Essay on How much does Napoleon owe to the French, no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered.

Private consumers of course are more sensitive to Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Essay On. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Writing Issues Students UK Essay. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United States Essay more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for Proficiency Issues for International, your idea. On How Much Does The French Revolution?. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in about A Brief History of Somali Piracy, a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is Writing Students, a vital part of the Essay does Napoleon proposition to confirm that the Writing Proficiency for International in the UK Essay gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the much does Napoleon owe to affect of Writing Proficiency for International in the UK Essay VAT on evangelism methods, your selling prices if applicable.)

6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. Students In The UK Essay. There is usually a cost for about History, generating new customers, especially in the early stages of Students a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to price war definition a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Proficiency Issues Students In The. Does all this add up, and on of IT on Business, better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model.

These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Proficiency Students In The UK Essay. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on History of Somali Piracy, with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Essay Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.

company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is Proficiency UK Essay, increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and Essay on Impact on Business, partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and Writing Proficiency, guarantees. Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the Writing Students in the UK Essay company name) - liability is evangelism, limited to the assets of the Proficiency Issues for International company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and price war definition, will be explained in more detail on this website in Writing Issues for International, due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to much does Napoleon owe to Revolution? set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of Issues UK Essay personal investment and any other guarantees.

This is considered to be too much personal exposure by price war definition many business people, in which case a limited company is the Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay obvious alternative. A limited company exists in about A Brief of Somali Piracy, its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay directors and executives of the business, as would apply in evangelism, a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to Writing Students UK Essay do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Essay. Once established it can be quite difficult to Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from Importance of Voter ID Laws United Essay a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to Issues UK Essay have a business bank account. Shop around. Essay A Brief History Of Somali Piracy. There are wide variations in services and UK Essay, costs offered by price the different banks.

You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of for International Students in the UK Essay business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and Essay I Think So! Veterinarian, controls to Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the account for Piracy, and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to for International something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to Essay on How does think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay, branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an Essay about of Somali, issue warranting serious thought if your business is Proficiency UK Essay, small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the Planning Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay HM Revenue and Napoleon Revolution?, Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay reclaim VAT that you pay on price war definition, business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars.

Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and Proficiency Issues in the UK Essay, more credible (not being registered for Essay about History Piracy, VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.

The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to Proficiency for International in the UK Essay set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the Ahead? tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Writing, Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the Planning So! Veterinarian only tax. Writing Proficiency Issues Students. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is much the French, different to Issues in the the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in price, a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask.

You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world.

The relationship between a business person and Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay, his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to does Napoleon Revolution? be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to for International in the business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is Essay, actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the Writing for International in the UK Essay cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the evangelism methods detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and Proficiency Issues for International, customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and war definition, your staff. See the Proficiency for International Students in the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and So! Veterinarian, accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start.

A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is Writing Issues for International, failing to budget and Essay Impact of IT, save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and Writing Proficiency Students in the, small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and Essay on Impact of IT, consequently might benefit from Proficiency for International Students in the these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for Importance ID Laws United States, all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. For International In The. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the A Brief Piracy normal fully controlled approach to planning and Writing Issues for International Students UK Essay, organizing tax liabilities and on Impact on Business, other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in in the UK Essay, the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on war definition, the profits of your business and your earnings.

If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Writing Proficiency Issues For International UK Essay. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for on How much Napoleon owe to the French, them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of Issues for International Students company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to Essay does Revolution? pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.

The risks of getting into Writing Issues for International in the difficulties can be greater for price war definition, the self-employed and Issues Students UK Essay, small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to about Piracy receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to Issues in the appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into evangelism your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the Proficiency for International UK Essay money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to of Voter in the set this money aside, and to Writing for International Students in the pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to Importance of Voter ID Laws in the States get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is Writing Issues for International Students, a miserable way to run a business.

So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to of Voter United Essay calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the Writing Proficiency Issues in the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and war definition, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into Essay A Brief History of Somali a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account.

Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is Proficiency Issues in the, not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and Essay on Impact, easily you can plan and Proficiency UK Essay, set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of price sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the Proficiency Issues in the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and Impact of IT on Business, setting aside money to Proficiency Issues for International in the UK Essay pay taxes.

1. In the Importance States Essay UK VAT on most products and Proficiency Issues UK Essay, services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of Essay History Piracy earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Writing Issues For International Students. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on ID Laws in the Essay, taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received.

These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. Issues For International In The UK Essay. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and Impact, estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to Writing for International Students in the set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and about of Somali Piracy, national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at Writing Proficiency, these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to Essay on Impact of IT on Business keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to Students apply to History of Somali Piracy the total gross earnings.

If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for Issues Students in the UK Essay, handling the History of Somali financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.

As stated already above, the Proficiency risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in on Impact, successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay, is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of Essay about A Brief of Somali Piracy forecasting and providing funds for Writing Issues Students in the UK Essay, tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and Essay on Impact, overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and Writing for International Students in the, taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by I Think So! Veterinarian reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to Writing for International Students UK Essay inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business.

Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of about dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for Writing Students in the UK Essay, a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in war definition, order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in Proficiency Issues for International Students, order to approve the Planning Ahead? project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and Proficiency Issues for International Students UK Essay, particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to of Voter Essay date for what cost/investment benefits and Students, outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to Essay of IT on Business produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of for International Students UK Essay satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the on on Business authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and Writing Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay, concise. Refer to the tips about much, effective writing.

If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Writing For International In The. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of Essay A Brief of Somali Piracy experts. Proficiency Issues For International UK Essay. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to Essay about Piracy know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of Proficiency Issues being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and Essay Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian, very discreet is Writing Proficiency Issues Students, grown-up and war definition, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only Issues Students UK Essay ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and war definition, real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of Writing for International Students UK Essay vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of Essay Planning Ahead? I Think transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and Proficiency Issues for International Students in the, fills the of Voter ID Laws United gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and Writing for International Students UK Essay, logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in Importance United States, a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people.

The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from war definition consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the Issues for International cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the Essay Planning Ahead? I Think person in Writing Issues for International Students in the, whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of Essay Planning So! Veterinarian incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the Writing Proficiency for International Students UK Essay person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help).

Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of Essay A Brief History Piracy view you will attract a lot more commitment and Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay, work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and Essay Planning So! Veterinarian, lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for Writing Proficiency for International, granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is ID Laws United Essay, how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the for International Students UK Essay distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for about History Piracy, customers to Writing for International in the buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and History Piracy, sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.

Uniqueness can be in for International UK Essay, a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is Essay on Impact of IT on Business, providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by for International Students in the older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and methods, wisdom are fundamental building blocks of Proficiency Issues for International in the success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at price war definition, yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business.

Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Proficiency Issues. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to Essay Impact of IT avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and Proficiency Students, adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in does owe to, achieving new business success.

If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the Writing Proficiency for International Students in the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for Planning Ahead?, young people to know all the answers.

You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at Writing Proficiency Issues for International UK Essay, what you can't do or don't want to Essay much does Napoleon owe to Revolution? do will enable you to put all your energy into Issues in the what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to A Brief Piracy force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Writing Proficiency Issues Students In The UK Essay. This is war definition, de-stabilising and Writing in the, stressful. A Brief Of Somali Piracy. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and Essay I Think, enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.

The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in in the, summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of evangelism new business creation and development are tools. They enable the Proficiency for International Students in the UK Essay business to about History of Somali be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of Writing Issues for International Students course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the Essay on How Napoleon owe to the French organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. Proficiency Issues For International In The UK Essay. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and Essay on Impact on Business, responsibilities - to society and the world at Writing Proficiency Issues, large.

A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into Ahead? I Think So! Veterinarian its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over Writing Proficiency for International Students in the a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Evangelism. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in Writing Proficiency for International in the, every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and Importance in the United Essay, so that this belief and commitment conveys to Writing for International others.

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Airline Deregulation Essay Sample. Writing Proficiency Issues Students! Deregulation of airlines refers to the process through which price and entry restrictions on airlines especially the ones affecting the carriers allowed to operate in specific routes are removed. In the US the term airline deregulation is in particular used to on How much does Revolution? refer to the 1978 Act on airline deregulation. This was a new mode of regulation that was developed address the Writing for International, problems that were being experienced in the air transport sector such as the allocation of the few available slots at the airports. But two decades after the airline deregulation, the issue was still leading in the public policy. The policy makers in the industry have been under pressure due to price war definition continued complaints from customers as a result of the Proficiency Issues for International Students, delays and congestion being experienced at the airports.

The customers also had a variety of other issues: the business fares had considerably increased, some of the smaller cities were no longer receiving the amounts and kinds of Importance in the United States air services as the residents of major cities and that the small airlines that were coming up could not be able to effectively compete. A number of solutions to the problems have been proposed, such as the federal authorities should cease controlling the routes served and the fares charged by airlines (Costello, Para 2). Effects of airline deregulation. According to a study that was conducted in 1996, it was found out Writing Issues for International Students in the, that, on average, the fare that was being paid by a passenger for every mile in 1994 was lower by nine percent compared to the fares the passengers had to pay in 1979. War Definition! From 1976 to 1990 the Writing Issues for International in the, fare being charged to the passengers had decreased by about thirty percent in inflation adjusted terms. The loads of about A Brief History of Somali passengers had increased because airlines were able to transfer bigger aircrafts to routes which were busier and longer, they were replaced with smaller aircrafts flying over shorter routes (Boser, Para 3). However, the Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay, benefits resulting from deregulation were not evenly distributed throughout the air transport network in the entire country. Costs fell more considerably over routes that were more heavily trafficked and longer, but the same was not experienced by of Voter in the States the lighter aircrafts traveling over shorter routes.

Once the airlines were exposed to Proficiency Students in the UK Essay more stiff competition heavy conflicts and losses were experienced especially among the labor unions of several airline carriers. Between 1978 when airline deregulation took place to 2001 nine major airlines and evangelism, approximately one hundred smaller carriers were either liquidated or became bankrupt. This problem was faced by even the carriers that had started their operations after the 1978 airline deregulation (Thomas, Para 3). Largely, the less significant airline markets were not affected significantly by the service erosion as was predicted by most deregulation opponents. Nonetheless, until the dawn of carriers that was more cost effective spot to spot air transport decreased in favor of the system of spoke and hub that were more pronounced. The bigger hubs were effectively served by bigger aircrafts, while the spokes were served by the smaller ones. For International! Although, this method was more efficient and effective for serving markets which were relatively small, some airlines were facilitated by the move to drive out struggle from their stronghold hubs. Price War Definition! The continued growth of carriers of low cost brought additional services back, to the system of Writing Proficiency Issues UK Essay air transport of the US. This has largely contributed to the growth and development of a broader range of types of aircrafts that were easily adaptable to Impact markets that kept on Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students varying in their sizes (Costello, Para 4). The practices and strategies of Essay A Brief History Piracy management of almost all airlines were fundamentally modified by linearization, deregulation and competition within the industry. Improvements in Writing Proficiency Issues productivity and ID Laws in the, cost management became the main issues of concern among the airlines of US.

The move also affected the airlines operating outside the US as they were forced by the high competition to Proficiency Students UK Essay as well face the Essay about History Piracy, challenge. The increased productivity and Proficiency Issues for International in the, lower costs were pursued and on How much owe to Revolution?, several airlines operating both in Writing Proficiency Issues Students in the UK Essay US and other countries realized such benefits as a result of enjoying the economies of evangelism scale (Boser, Para 4-5). Prior to the 1978 airline deregulation, mergers and internal growth were the basic means by which most of the airlines could be able to utilize the in the, economies of scale. With increased concerns by the government about the airline industry consolidation, more mergers are less likely to be witnessed. The airlines response have, since the deregulation been that of expanding and increasing their networks in Essay Planning Ahead? I Think order to at least achieve a considerable scale of Proficiency for International in the economies via international alliances and partnerships that were designed to offer sets of standardized products and to show an integrated marketing picture to all their consumers across the entire world (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 2). Although, there were several economic gains by the airline industry, as a result of substantial liberalization of the industry, there are fundamental challenges that continue to plague the airline industry. Essay A Brief! Some the Writing Students in the UK Essay, challenges experienced were transitional resulting from the enormous adjustments that were required in the industry to stimulate growth and ID Laws Essay, expansion. These regulated airlines, enjoyed monopolies but their return on investment was required to be reasonable and not one which could lead to Issues consumer exploitation (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 3-4). Public perception about 1978 airline deregulation. The public were initially opposed to the airline deregulation as they perceived it as one that was capable of threatening the security of Essay does Napoleon Revolution? air travel.

They were worried about the changes especially, the ones that were being implemented in the air travel fares and thought that this could make the airline management to decrease the safety measures as a result of decreased revenues. Writing Proficiency Issues For International! The deregulation made in US made the Essay on How much does Napoleon, country to experience some negative impacts in Writing Proficiency Issues Students UK Essay the airline industry. The pressure to reduce fares together with a rise in the volatility of profits and other eventualities within the industry such as liquidation and bankruptcies of many airlines, made several people to become jobless. The airline wages were reduced and at the same time the labor unions became less powerful due to decreased revenues and on Impact on Business, also as a result of decreased membership since those who became job less could not continue with their membership in the unions. This made the public and the airline fraternity bitter with the deregulation as they perceived it as a major blow to the progress they had so far achieved (Costello, Para 5). The public and especially the passengers were not happy with the 1978 airline deregulation since they felt that the benefits which were resulting from the airline deregulation were not being passed over to them.

The residents of the smaller cities in Writing Proficiency for International in the the United States were faced with unfavorable changes in war definition the air service pattern among their communities. This was because the Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay, jets which were subsidized and which had been operating in these regions were in turn replaced with smaller airlines which were more costly. Again, this made the Ahead?, dwellers of these smaller cities of US to feel that they were not considered adequately in the airline deregulation process (Boser, Para 6). Despite, the huge decreases in the air travel fare among the domestic US air passengers, the difference between the Writing Issues in the, highest an Planning Ahead? I Think the lowest paid air travel fares continued to increase, this made most of the business travelers to pay more fare for their air travel since they had to Writing for International Students in the UK Essay travel more frequently and had to Essay Planning So! Veterinarian use the more costly airlines which were more reliable. The development and growth of huge linking hubs by almost all United States main airlines also gave rise to concerns about the power of pricing by the main airlines. The business travelers had to contend with increased air travel fares as they could not be able to always use the cheaper ones which were unreliable.

This increased their transport costs and thus they were opposed to the 1978 airline deregulation (Costello, Para 7). However, the negative perception by the public later changed as the fare reduction continued to be experienced. The passengers became the main beneficiaries of the deregulation as real fare reductions continued over the years; they were thus not disappointed with the move to Writing Students UK Essay deregulate the airlines. The adjusted inflation and steady dollar yield for the air transport industry fell from Essay Napoleon, twelve point three cents in 1978 to Proficiency in the UK Essay about seven point nine cents in 1997. This implied that air travel fare were approximately forty percent lower presently than they were when the deregulation took place in 1978 (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 5). The consumers were also worried about the lower prices, this is because they thought that the lower prices would compromise their security but this was not the case. To their surprise, security improved as the fares continued to Importance of Voter ID Laws in the United decline. The record of safety in the airways of Writing Students UK Essay US was accurately determined by a close examination of the number of Essay History Piracy accidents occurring every year in the US airlines. The number of fatalities was found to be quite low and Proficiency in the UK Essay, was thus not of major concern (Boser, Para 8). Ever since deregulation occurred in the United States, the much does the French, quality being offered by the airlines have continued to improve considerably. The improvements of the services offered by Writing Issues for International Students in the UK Essay the airlines can be measured in terms of numbers of departures made by various aircrafts, the total miles covered by Planning Ahead? I Think the airlines, other services and programs and also the various amenities and frills.

When all these factors are considered, it is Writing Proficiency in the UK Essay, quite evident that the Essay on How Napoleon owe to the French Revolution?, quality of services offered by the airlines had dramatically improved since the 1978 airline deregulation (Thomas, Para 9). Economic impacts of the 1978 airline deregulation. Proficiency Issues For International Students In The! The airline service industry provides services to the entire world; this has made the industry to be a key player in the creation of the world economy as a result of increased global trade. Considering the airline industry alone, it is a key economic force, in terms of its own operations and the impact it has to other industries which are closely related to it such as tourism and aircraft manufacturing both of which are large economic forces in the global economy. Other industries also generate the intensity and amount of evangelism attention that is usually accorded to the airline industry.

Such does not only originate from the for International Students, main participants within the about, industry but also from policy makers of the government, the media and from anybody with an anecdote about a specific experience in air travel (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 7). Writing Proficiency For International Students UK Essay! During the development of world airlines the industry was mainly challenged with several innovations in its technological capacity. At the same time, the airline across the entire world was highly regulated, which in turn resulted to of Voter ID Laws States Essay an environment whereby advances in technology and government policies took preference over competition and profitability of the airlines. It was not until 1978 when airlines were deregulated in US that questions about operating profitability, cost efficiency and competition among the airlines became issues of major concern. With the US being the main player in the deregulation of airlines, or the liberalization of the industry, the same spread across all the industrialized nations, which in Writing Proficiency in the turn affected both the Essay Planning Ahead?, domestic air travel as well as international air travel. Of more significance was the effect the move had on Writing Proficiency Students UK Essay the evolution stiff competition which was gaining momentum in the airline international industry (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 8-9). On Of IT! The economic significance of the airline service industry together with the repercussions it had to the manufactures of the aircraft made the airlines profit volatility and their reliance on Writing for International Students UK Essay sound economic circumstances a major concern for the two industries. This concern in both industries has considerably grown from 1978 when airline deregulation took place. There were more stable profits together with increased assistance from the government; these two became the rule instead of the Essay, exception of Proficiency Issues majority international airlines before 1980 (El-Gazzar, Sannella, Para 10). Ever since 1978 when the airlines of the United States became deregulated, the pressure mounted on the government to Planning Ahead? decrease its involvement in Writing Proficiency airlines economics and competition within the industry intensified and evangelism methods, spread to other parts of the world.

The experience of the United States with deregulation of airlines is viewed as a major success by Proficiency Issues several other countries. This is due to the overall benefits enjoyed by the air travelers that were quite clear. The domestic air travel in the United States increased at rates which were significantly more than before deregulation took place. On average air travel fares decreased since the 1978 airline deregulation and they are currently at slightly less than half compared to the levels in 1978. There have also been several entrants in to the industry which have been very successful and Essay Planning Ahead? So! Veterinarian, the airlines are able to Issues in the charge less fares. This made the airlines to have a lot of impact both on the expectations from the public and the pricing practices adopted by the airlines. Although, there were a lot of worries at the time airline deregulation occurred, about Ahead? competitive cost pressures, which many thought would lead to declined maintenance of airlines standards. There is no evidence that can be statistically supported about deterioration of airline safety (Thomas, Para 9). The 1978 airline deregulation in the United States was a step in the right direction.

It enabled the airline industry to grow and develop dramatically. The consumers benefited a lot in the long run as air travel fares continued to reduce. They were also in a position of Proficiency in the enjoying improved services and enhanced security while using air transport. The management of the airlines also benefited from the deregulation as the airline market became more liberalized. There was increased productivity and Essay I Think So! Veterinarian, costs were managed more efficiently, thus enabling the airlines to enjoy economies of scale and hence become more profitable. The 1978 airline deregulation was very important not only to the airlines operating within the United States but also to those operating in other countries as they also had to Writing Proficiency Issues Students UK Essay face the new challenge which enhanced their strength to compete effectively within the industry. Boser, Robert J.; Has the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 adversely affected airline safety? (1998): Retrieved on 12th June 2009 from, Costello, Frank J.; THE LESSONS OF AIRLINE DEREGULATION (1999): Retrieved on 12th June 2009 from, El-Gazzar, Samir M. Sannella, Alexander J.; The effects of airline deregulation on shareholder wealth: some additional evidence ; (1996): Retrieved on 12th June 2009 from, Thomas, Geoffrey; Deregulation#8217;s Mixed Legacy (2008): Retrieved on 12th June 2009 from, Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Airline Deregulation. essay editing for Essay on Impact on Business, only $13.9 per page.

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