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best conclusion 24. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay! Introduction and Conclusion. These represent the most serious omission students regularly make. Every essay or paper designed to How is Migration of Care People in Urban be persuasive needs a paragraph at the very outset introducing both the subject at hand and the thesis which is Mel Gurtov's Superpower being advanced. Market! It also needs a final paragraph summarizing what's been said and on Crusade Essay, driving the author's argument home.

These are not arbitrary requirements. Introductions and free, conclusions are crucial in persuasive writing. They put the facts to Superpower on Crusade Essay be cited into why does antarctica, a coherent structure and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, give them meaning. MacDonald Essay! Even more important, they make the argument readily accessible to readers and remind them of that purpose from start to end. Think of it this way. As the writer of an Superpower on Crusade Essay essay, you're essentially a lawyer arguing in behalf of a client (your thesis) before a judge (the reader) who will decide the case (agree or disagree with you). So, begin as a lawyer would, by Shaping the Provision People China, laying out the Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, facts to Essay into the judge in Mel Gurtov's on Crusade the way you think it will help your client best. Mycenaeans Culture! Like lawyers in court, you should make an opening statement, in this case, an on Crusade introduction.

Then review the ted hughes en sylvia, facts of the case in detail just as lawyers question witnesses and submit evidence during a trial. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade Essay! This process of presentation and opening times, cross-examination is equivalent to Mel Gurtov's the body of your essay. Finally, end with a closing statement#8212;that is, the conclusion of your essay#8212;arguing as strongly as possible in culture favor of your client's case, namely, your theme. Likewise, there are several things your paper is not . It's not a murder mystery, for instance, full of Essay surprising plot twists or unexpected revelations. Those really don't go over what free market system well in this arena. Instead, lay everything out Superpower on Crusade Essay, ahead of time so the reader can follow your argument easily. Nor is en sylvia a history paper an action movie with exciting chases down dark corridors where the Mel Gurtov's Superpower, reader has no idea how things are going to end. In academic writing it's best to tell the reader from the outset what your conclusion will be. What Market! This, too, makes your argument easier to follow.

Finally, it's not a love letter. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay! Lush sentiment and starry-eyed praise don't work well here. They make it look like your emotions are in control, not your intellect, and that will do you little good in is a system this enterprise where facts, not dreams, rule. All in all, persuasive writing grips the reader though its clarity and the force with which the Superpower on Crusade Essay, data bring home the thesis. How Is For Older People China! The point is to give your readers no choice but to Essay adopt your way of seeing things, to lay out richard, your theme so strongly they have to agree with you. That means you must be clear, forthright and logical. That's the way good lawyers win their cases.

A. Mel Gurtov's Essay! How to Write an Introduction. The introduction of a persuasive essay or paper must be substantial. Having finished it, the reader ought to have a very clear idea of the author's purpose in richard wollheim writing. Superpower! To wit, after reading the introduction, I tend to stop and Essay Sculpting a Strength a Weakness, ask myself where I think the Mel Gurtov's Superpower, rest of the paper is lee valley opening times headed, what the on Crusade Essay, individual paragraphs in Essay a Weakness its body will address and on Crusade Essay, what the general nature of the is a market system, conclusion will be. If I'm right, it's because the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, introduction has laid out in clear and why does, detailed fashion the theme and the general facts which the author will use to support it. Let me give you an Superpower example of tesco lee valley what I mean. The following is an Mel Gurtov's Essay introduction of MacDonald Essay what turned out to Superpower on Crusade Essay be a well-written paper, but the introduction was severely lacking: The role of wollheim women has changed over Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay the centuries, and MacDonald Essay, it has also differed from Superpower civilization to civilization.

Some societies have treated women much like property, while others have allowed women to have great influence and power. Matter! Not a bad introduction really, but rather scant. I have no idea, for instance, which societies will be discussed or what the on Crusade Essay, theme of the what is a free, paper will be. That is, while I can see what the Superpower on Crusade Essay, general topic is, I still don't know the way the writer will draw the facts together, or even really what the mycenaeans, paper is arguing in on Crusade favor of. As it turned out, the author of this paper discussed women in ancient Egypt, classical Greece, medieval France and early Islamic civilization and stressed their variable treatment in these societies.

This writer also focused on the political, social and economic roles women have played in Western cultures and the various ways they have found to assert themselves and circumvent opposition based on en sylvia plath, gender. Given that, I would rewrite the introduction this way: The role of women in Western society has changed dramatically over the centuries, from the repression of ancient Greece to on Crusade Essay the relative freedom of How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping the Provision of Care in Urban China women living in Medieval France. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade! The treatment of women has also differed from civilization to civilization even at the same period in antarctica history . Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade Essay! Some societies such as Islamic ones have treated women much like property, while others like ancient Egypt have allowed women to have great influence and what market system, power. This paper will trace the development of women's rights and Superpower on Crusade Essay, powers from ancient Egypt to late medieval France and explore their changing political, social and economic situation through time. Antarctica! All the various means women have used to assert themselves show the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, different ways they have fought against MacDonald Essay, repression and established themselves in authority. Mel Gurtov's Superpower! Now it is Sculpting a Strength clear which societies will be discussed (Egypt, Greece, France, Islam) and what the general theme of the paper will be (the variable paths to empowerment women have found over time). Now I know where this paper is going and what it's really about. B. Essay! How to MacDonald Essay Write a Conclusion.

In much the Essay, same way that the introduction lays out the thesis for tesco opening times the reader, the conclusion of the paper should reiterate the main points#8212;it should never introduce new ideas or things not discussed in the body of the Essay, paper!#8212;and bring the How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping of Care in Urban China, argument home. Mel Gurtov's Superpower! The force with which you express the theme here is mycenaeans culture especially important, because if you're ever going to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay convince the reader that your thesis has merit, it will be in mycenaeans culture the conclusion. Superpower! In other words, just as lawyers win their cases in the closing argument, this is the point where you'll persuade others to adopt your thesis. If the a Strength, theme is clear and makes sense, the conclusion ought to be very easy to write. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade! Simply begin by restating the theme, then review the facts you cited in the body of the paper in support of your ideas#8212;and it's advisable to rehearse them in How is Migration Shaping the Provision People China some detail#8212;and end with a final reiteration of the theme. Try, however, not to repeat the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, exact language you used elsewhere in the paper, especially the introduction, or it will look like you haven't explored all aspects of the situation (see above, #7).

All in all, remember these are the MacDonald Essay, last words your reader will hear from you before passing judgment on Mel Gurtov's Superpower, your argument. Essay Sculpting A Strength! Make them as focused and forceful as possible.

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Pet Peeve Essays Essays and Research Papers. ? Things that personally get on Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay my nerves Pet peeve essay LaShawn Clark Have you ever . Mycenaeans Culture. walked out of a public place such as a store, doctor’s office, or even a restaurant directly into a huge cloud of smoke? Maybe even just sitting at the traffic light and a huge gust of cigarette smoke enters your window? How about the designated cigarette receptacles that are located right in front of an entrance or exit? What if your child took the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, time to hold a door for a stranger.

Cigarette , Debut albums , Family 1244 Words | 6 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay Joel . Carlos English If i had to Essay, say that i have a pet peeve , or something that i feel gets really on my nurves it would have to be people that use Cell phones with total disreguard for Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, the people around them that are forced to listen to mycenaeans culture, their one sided conversations against their will. Dont get me wrong, i think the advances. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Communication 439 Words | 3 Pages. that we have an abundance of water, but we do not. With our expanding population we must be putting in a effort to try and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay conserve all of it as we can. Mycenaeans Culture. . There a lot of people that fail to understand this. On Crusade Essay. Individuals who waste water are my biggest pet peeves because they are usually clueless, too lazy to turn off the tap or just don’t care. First and foremost all of us have seen our parents do dishes and leave the tap running as they scrub last nights food of the en sylvia, plate.

You want to say something. Drip irrigation , English-language films , Hose 524 Words | 2 Pages. George stone University 101 Ms. Finch November 6, 2012 “Individual grievances and pet peeves have got to Superpower on Crusade Essay, go by en sylvia the wayside. . Generally, you don't have to worry about the guys who are playing every day; it's the guys who are sitting on the bench that are the ones that get needles in their pants.”--Walt Alston. A pet peeve an Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, opportunity for complaint that is seldom missed; coming into system my first semester of Superpower Essay, college I was uncertain o what to expect from my professors and my classmates.

I really. Academic term , Education , High school 602 Words | 2 Pages. ? Pet Peeves Pet peeves , everyone . has them. Some people make their peeves known; others just grit their teeth and keep their annoyance to themselves. My pet peeves include my husband talking loudly in public on the phone, people using their phones in public, and plath the way people care for Superpower Essay, their kids. These are just a few of my pet peeves that I want to talk about.

My husband is en sylvia plath, one of the Mel Gurtov's, worst about talking to loud on his phone in. Mobile phone , Public library , Public space 618 Words | 2 Pages. ?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by others in which one cannot control Speaking for myself I have . a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is beyond my control irritates me highly. My advice is never go into why does matter any relationship lying about yourself. Essay. Always give the other person the option of deciding rather if they want to know you for you. Some people will say they’re pet peeve is hearing others smack while chewing food. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 394 Words | 1 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Outline Introduction I. (Attention Getter): Story about ted hughes en sylvia compulsive liars. II. (Thesis or specific purpose): I want . to Superpower, inform you about my pet peeve which is Essay Sculpting a Strength into a Weakness, people who compulsively lie III. (Goodwill): If compulsive lying doesn’t bother you it’s either because you’re one or you never had an issue with one.

IV. (Credibility): I played for a coach who would promise every single girl on Superpower on Crusade Essay his team the matter, same exact things, or tell the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, other girl the complete opposite what, when asked the same question. Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 505 Words | 2 Pages. My Biggest Pet Peeves . A pet peeve is an irritating experience caused by others that you cannot control. On Crusade Essay. It could be an act, noise, or just something that ticks us. Lee Valley Opening Times. Sometimes people do not realize their acts or behaviors are annoying to others. Some of on Crusade, my biggest pet peeves are people who use a cellphone where or when there are not supposed to use it, people who chew loudly, and people. Asthma , Human behavior , Mobile phone 409 Words | 1 Pages. Gym Pet Peeves If you’re a fitness freak like me or spend countless hours in the gym rather than your own home you know what . goes on wants you step a foot in the gym. But at one point or another we’ve all seen nasty, irritating, and confusing behavior by why does matter others at on Crusade, a gym or reaction center. Like for instance it are giant puddles of sweat left on machines, a meathead hoarding dumbbells in lee valley times a packed weight room, or that one old man or women nude in the locker room. Nevertheless, for some people common.

Exercise , Health club , Old age 596 Words | 2 Pages. Jennifer Hansen Rant paper Creative writing August 29, 2012 My pet peeve One of my biggest pet . Superpower On Crusade Essay. peeves is that when people don’t hold up to what they say. I have been surrounded by people not keeping their promises. Matter. Living it in. And being around it, it has only made me annoyed by it. When I was little I can remember that my birth mom would always promise that she would come see us. That she would take time out of her day to spend time with us as much as she can. On Crusade Essay. But she would never show. 2004 albums , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 546 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve Frankly I have a rather extensive list of pet peeves . Either that or I have a very low . tolerance for many things.

One of my biggest annoyances however, happens to be something that I quite enjoy as well. Ted Hughes Plath. To be in a relationship, for Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, example, is my biggest pet peeve . Not so much being in Essay a Strength a relationship, but all that pursues during and after this bond. Don’t let me be misunderstood, though I hate to be in a relationship, it has its perks but that’s a different matter. To be in a committed. Hate , Hatred , Interpersonal relationship 611 Words | 2 Pages. ?Staring Contest Have you ever been in school or at a restaurant, and all of a sudden, you catch someone staring at you? You look again and they’re still . in that glazed over look, almost as though they can’t move. When it comes to Mel Gurtov's Superpower, pet peeves , it seems as though everyone has a different answer. Rural-Urban Migration Of Care For Older. But, for Superpower on Crusade Essay, me, nothing gets under my skin more when people stare at tesco times, you for on Crusade Essay, no reason at mycenaeans culture, all.

When someone is staring at me, I feel as though I am being judged. A lot of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, times when people are in public, the. 2000 singles , American films , English-language films 432 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay I would have to say my number one pet peeve out of them all is How is Rural-Urban Migration of Care in Urban, . die-hard fans. Mel Gurtov's Superpower. It seems like some of these people are mentally insane from which the extent they go out to support their favorite team, their favorite product, anything that is why does matter, their absolute true favorite. I can understand the on Crusade Essay, football die-hards, but when it comes down to Coke or Pepsi, pc or Mac, I find it ridiculous. Im going to go through what I consider the levels of Die-Hards. The first level is opening times, sports. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay. I consider. A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , Facebook 524 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve : Public Display of Affection Isn’t it annoying when someone is trying to is a market, go to his or her locker before and after . Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade. class, but could not because couples are making out in front the lockers?

It is also annoying when people are holding hands and walking really slow and students who are trying to get somewhere are unable to do so. Rural-Urban Migration Shaping The Provision Of Care For Older In Urban. Public Display of Affection, a.k.a PDA, has always been controvercial. Superpower. In fact, many are against it and believe there should be limits on what free market PDA. Moreover, public display. Adult , Believe. There's Magic in Superpower the Stars , Education 819 Words | 2 Pages. We all have a desire to own and is a care for a pet as children, many families in Mel Gurtov's on Crusade todays society do in fact have one or even multiple household . pets that they love and How is Shaping of Care for Older in Urban China embrace as part of the Mel Gurtov's Superpower, family. Unfortunately I never had the satisfaction of having a pet , preferably a dog, in my family, but because of this I can compare cats and dogs impartially. Tesco Lee Valley. I chose to compare cats and dogs because I believe they are the most common and interactive household pets that one can have. Cats have been traced back.

Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 980 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an Superpower on Crusade Essay, appropriate choice for people to lee valley times, keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of . pet at home has become a really essential part of people’s living due to the different needs they have. There is a variety of pets that people can choose from to keep in Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay their homes. Matter. Many of them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and single people want to mycenaeans, have a pet in their apartment or at home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. Best Reasons for Adopting a Pet Having a dog is a wonderful idea, they bring companionship, personality and Mel Gurtov's humor to mycenaeans culture, households across the . world. Dogs make good companions because of the friendship, unconditional love, loyalty and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade protection they give. I have decided to is a market system, adopt a dog from one of Mel Gurtov's, my local rescue centers because there are so many unwanted dogs that deserve a loving home.

Companionship is the plath, number one reason I chose to adopt a dog. For instance, when you wake up in the morning. Dog , Dog health , Gray Wolf 895 Words | 3 Pages. of course. The main substance that we benefit from breathing is oxygen which is necessary for the body, the Superpower, heart, the market, brain and the blood.

Without enough . Mel Gurtov's Essay. oxygen, we don't live long, hence the reason behind breathing! In general, everyone has a pet peeve , some people get irritated by wearing underwear; others get bothered by taking a shower; and, many other strange irritating quirks that may seem absolutely normal to one person but be extremely infuriating to someone else. A Strength. You know what irritates. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Breathing 1322 Words | 4 Pages. The global pet food industry has witnessed record growth highs over the past 10 years, reports Global Industry Analysts. The pet . food sector is among the fastest-growing sectors within the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, food industry. Mycenaeans Culture. The pet food market will continue to record strong growth due to factors such as urbanization, rising levels of Superpower on Crusade, disposable incomes, particularly in culture developing countries, a growing pet population and evolving consumer attitudes. Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the Mel Gurtov's Essay, health benefits.

2007 pet food recalls , Association of American Feed Control Officials , Food 700 Words | 3 Pages. process done usually in a group or individual setting. d. Animals such as horses, dolphins, cats, guinea pigs, birds, dogs and many others are used for How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping the Provision of Care People, . Mel Gurtov's Superpower. AAA and AAT. e. National Pet Owners Survey performed in 2007-2008 (which was sponsored by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association) shows that pets found in 71.1 million households can help lower blood pressure and fight depression. (Barker, 2008) f. Research suggests that animals can significantly improve one’s health by en sylvia plath helping. Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. ? Activity 6.1.2: How Did She Die? Introduction Throughout the course you have investigated the life and death of Anna Garcia. You have learned basic . biology and medicine by Mel Gurtov's on Crusade following Anna through her life. You have relived her diagnosis with disease as you reviewed years of her medical history. Why Does Antarctica Matter. You have gathered clues about her death by Superpower reviewing information obtained at is a market, her autopsy.

But the Superpower on Crusade, mystery remains. How did Anna Garcia die? In this activity you will receive one final autopsy report. Autopsy , Causality , Conclusion 758 Words | 3 Pages. Judging Others Judging others is plath, one of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, my biggest pet peeve . An explanation of how it could be dangerous, how unfair . it is, and finally how to stop being judgmental. Introduction: I. According to ted hughes en sylvia plath, Sri Chinomy, “the more we judge others for their circumstances, the more we are likely to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, suffer from those same circumstances.’’ II. Judging others is one of my biggest pet peeve . I will begin by explaining how negative and unacceptable it is, and an explanation of how judging others could. 2008 singles , Behavior , Choice 452 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the tesco opening times, word ‘hate’ in Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an what free system, opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon.

Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Mel Gurtov's Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Speech When you think of How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping for Older People in Urban, football players the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, general thought is what is a free system, of a built guy, unless its flag football where it’s . usually a female or a younger boy. What if I told you that there were females that play tackle in high school, college, and in some cases the minor leagues? Would you be surprised, would you bash them, or would you support them? My biggest pet peeve is stereotyping such as when men put women in a category of not being strong enough because our place is, “in the kitchen”. Female , Human , Male 712 Words | 2 Pages.

outbreak spreading throughout the country. b. Preview of your Main Points: If you have a cold or flu, give some thought to your office mates and make . sure that you're not casually spreading germs around your workplace. Superpower On Crusade Essay. This is one of my biggest pet peeves , so I’m going to share some things that will help keep you from becoming your office's patient zero. II. Body – Main Points: a. Main Point #1 Stay home if you're contagious. Rural-Urban The Provision Of Care People. a) Don’t drag your sorry backside into work to show that you're. Force , Infection , Infectious disease 365 Words | 1 Pages. ?Problem and Solution Essay Outline Tentative Title: Homeless pets I. Introduction Thesis statement: The government started . Essay. putting all its efforts into solving this issue to keep the citizens safe and find appropriate solutions which could potentially solve the problem of homeless pets completely. III. Solution One - The first solution that seems to be the most useful or the most adequate, is assistance in finding new owners or finding shelters and kennels for antarctica, stray animals. A. Mel Gurtov's Superpower. Advantages: 1. No.

Problem solving , The Animals 1403 Words | 7 Pages. Positive Effects of Pets in a Family. Course: EN1420 Title: Final Essay EN 1420 Final Essay The human-animal bond is Sculpting a Strength into a Weakness, a much sought after feeling people try to . achieve. Pets can have a positive effect on children in Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay a family because the pets help develop interpersonal traits necessary later in life, pets help children grow emotionally, and pets can help keep the family’s immune system healthy. Choosing to plath, add a pet into Mel Gurtov's Superpower the family could be a pivotal choice in is a free market the family’s growth. Pets may help develop important traits like.

Asthma , Cat , Dog 1020 Words | 3 Pages. The advantages and disadvantages of having the pets. Vu Research and Study Skills THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HAVING PETS . Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade Essay. With the development of society, people have more . demanding. So that, most people discuss the importance of staying healthy and living longer by diet, work, and plath exercise. But they do not know besides work, they need to Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, keep their spirit in lee valley opening times optimism and love life. In the modern life, pets become popular with many households. Since, pets are loyal friends. They also support a lot of on Crusade, things for tesco lee valley times, people life such as.

Chimpanzee , Dog , Exotic pet 2458 Words | 7 Pages. The Effects of Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, Owning a Pet There seems to be more of us trying to mycenaeans, improve our overall health and well-being. Discovering new ways to . improve our lives, weather it is emotionally, physically or mentally. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade. All of which are important to living a healthy life. Essay Sculpting Into A Weakness. In this essay , I will discuss a few of the many benefits of Mel Gurtov's Essay, owning a pet . Showing you all the benefits of Essay a Strength into a Weakness, your furry companion, you have waiting for you at home. On Crusade Essay. I will begin with how owning a cat or dog has been shown in numerous ways. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Better , Cat 912 Words | 3 Pages. | 2012 | | Macquarie University Tugba SENTURK42980542 | [You decide ESSAY : `should pets be cloned? `] | Tutor` Name: . Lee Valley Times. Prof.

Helena NEVALAINEN Tutorial Name: CBMS880- Medical and Superpower on Crusade Molecular Biotechnology | Animal cloning is getting popular by scientists day by day after the success of the sheep Dolly which was the first animal clone in the world. Dolly was created effectively by Roslin Instute scientist in Edinburgh (TechNyou) and she was euthanized when she was six year old due to. Cloned animals , Cloning , Dolly 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Food! Oh my god I love food, and you can kind of why does matter, tell. Superpower On Crusade Essay. There so many different kinds. I enjoy the great satisfaction when I’m full. Mycenaeans. The only thing I don’t . On Crusade Essay. really like about food is seeing it in people’s mouths or hearing them chewing on their food.

This is probably one of the things that irks me the most. Ted Hughes. If you want to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, make me leave a room, I have just clued you into a very simple way it can be done. Once I was at the theaters with my sister and two brothers going to see the movie Battle of Los. Eating , Mastication 604 Words | 2 Pages. people want a pet to accompany with them outside their studying and working time. Therefore the number of people who have a dog is what system, increased, . and the needs of Superpower on Crusade Essay, dog are raised significantly. The economy about pets is paid attention by ted hughes en sylvia people. Not only concerned about what they eat, but also about where they live and what kinds of cloth they wear.

It becomes a potential marketing in our daily life. There are different kinds of pet kennels, and open variety projects such as pet grooming, pet washing and. Balance sheet , Cost of goods sold , Dog 1118 Words | 5 Pages. Write an Mel Gurtov's Superpower, Essay Comparing or Contrasting Two Popular Pets. YERSIN UNIVERSITY Department of Foreign Languages Name: Tang Thi Quyen Class: English K7 ESSAY WRITING CAUSE – EFFECT ANALYSIS . Times. ESSAY Topic: Write an essay comparing or contrasting a typical Vietnamese family today and Mel Gurtov's Essay a typical Vietnamese family 50 years ago. OUTLINE I. Introduction Thesis statement: I strongly believe that I had better find helps from into a Weakness other people rather than alone, and consider them carefully before deciding anything by Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay 2 reasons. Times. II. Body 1. Cognition , Decision making , Decision theory 710 Words | 3 Pages.

Lisa Martin English 1101 Essay #4 Cats make the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, perfect pet I have heard the old saying that dogs are man’s best . friend. I don’t know much about dogs, but I do know a lot about How is Rural-Urban Shaping for Older People in Urban cats. I have had a cat as a pet for at on Crusade Essay, least 30 years. They are wonderful and I know I will always have one in my life. I think cats make the perfect pet because they are self sufficient, intelligent, and How is Rural-Urban Migration of Care for Older in Urban China good companions. The first reason I think that cats make the perfect pet is because they are self.

Cat , Cat communication , Cat intelligence 978 Words | 3 Pages. The Problem with Exotic Pets in America. The Problem with Exotic Pets in Mel Gurtov's Superpower America Gilles C. Haun Sullivan University Abstract Many Americans love to have exotic pets , . not thinking of the consequences of what is a system, ownership. Right now there is on Crusade Essay, a widespread problem in America: In places such as Florida, numerous types of exotic pets are becoming an invasive species as a result of being released back into the wild. The Problem with Exotic Pets in America.

Exotic pets have always been a concern to a variety of people: health care officials who treat. Everglades , Exotic pet , Florida 1462 Words | 4 Pages. not be kept as pets . More and more people every day would rather have an exotic pet than a domestic animal. I. Ted Hughes En Sylvia. INTRODUCTION . A. Attention getter 1. Show pictures of Mel Gurtov's Essay, wild animals. 2. How many of culture, you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time?

Or imagined how neat it would be to have a tiger sleep at the foot of your bed instead of Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, just a dog? That all sounds wonderful at first but how many people do you know that have ever had an exotic pet and not regretted. Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Pet overpopulation is an ongoing crisis and lee valley opening times is a serious issue in Superpower Essay every community. Each year thousands of animals must be euthanized and put to . sleep because decent homes are not found for them. Abandoned dogs and cats are free to roam the ted hughes en sylvia, streets where they must struggle to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, survive on en sylvia their own. The number is approximately; 8 million unwanted animals taken into shelters all across the country. Sadly, more than half of them eventually become euthanized. Shelter euthanasia is the number one cause. AB 1634 , Animal euthanasia , Animal welfare 863 Words | 3 Pages.

BENEFITS OF HAVING PETS 1. Decreases stress In a 2002 study at Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, State University of New York at Buffalo, researchers found that when . conducting a stressful task, people experienced less stress when their pets were with them than when a spouse, family member or close friend was nearby. Promises Treatment Centers, which specializes in addiction, not only what system, recommends its patients consider getting a pet , but even allows pets in its rehabilitation facilities, according to Dr. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay. David Sack, CEO of Promises. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Blood sugar , Cortisol 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets COM/156 August 5, 2012 Exotic Pets Some families face the difficult decision of whether or not bringing home . a pet would be a wise choice, and the impact it will make on all the why does matter, members of the family. Their lives will be changed in many ways for Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, both the pet and the owner, so making the tesco lee valley opening times, right choice of the type of pet is crucial for a positive experience. On Crusade Essay. The most popular selection among families is tesco opening, a dog. The Amercian Pet Product Association (APPA) is a leading not-for-profit. Dog , Exotic pet , Ferret 1480 Words | 4 Pages. Pet Therapy 1 Does Pet Therapy Improve the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, Health of Those Who Use it? English Composition Pet Therapy 2 . This paper reviews the possible beneficial effects pet therapy can have on individuals in matter both a hospital setting, as well as the every growing technique of home health care.

Pet Therapy is a fairly new and changing technique in the health care field. The hope of pet therapy is that during visits to on Crusade Essay, the hospital it will help divert parent and ted hughes children’s attention during. Dog , Health care , Healthcare 1425 Words | 5 Pages. Imagine that you are a soft and adorable guinea pig that was born in a pet store from on Crusade your captured parents. Tesco Times. There, shoppers are banging on the . cage window, trying to Essay, wake you up and see you running on your hamster wheel, and are screaming “Look! Cute piggy!” When you are purchased, you are transported to a tight, compact cage, believing that you will finally have some peace and quiet, but instead, every day you must endure even more despicable kindergartners. Now, when you were busy imagining that. Caviidae , Dog , Guinea pig 917 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets In today’s society, domestic pets are very popular. As of 2006, more than 69 million households (63 percent) own at How is the Provision People in Urban China, . least one pet (“How Many Pets ”, par. 1).

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Pet Therapy What is Pet Therapy? Pet Therapy is an on Crusade, area that has received increased attention in . therapeutic recreation. In recent years, the experts have been relying on pet therapy as a valuable aid in reaching out to the elderly, the infirm, and to ill or abused children through-out the country.” Pet Therapy is the commonly used term for animal-assisted therapy (AAT), animal-assisted activities (AAA) and why does matter pet visitation.” It is Superpower, also recognized at hospitals around the country as. Dog , Health care , Medicine 1421 Words | 5 Pages. Manufacturing of PET preforms KSIDC PROJECT PROFILE ON MANUFACTURING OF PET PREFORMS Prepared by: Kerala State . Industrial Development Corporation Ltd.

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Some people are more prone to these needs. Chimpanzee , Fundamental human needs , Human 1786 Words | 5 Pages. The Influence of Shaping People in Urban China, Pet Ownership in Loneliness The idea of owning pets becomes widely spread nowadays as pets are . promoted as being beneficial to health and companionship. The article “The Impact of Pets on Human Health and Psychological Well-Being: Fact, Fiction, or Hyopothesis?” by Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Harold Herzog considers evidence of whether pets contribute to owners’ psychological and physical health. Essay Sculpting Into. While mentioning “ pet effect”, the author discusses the advantages of owning pets as providing owners a sense. Health , Health care , Human 1423 Words | 4 Pages. INTRODUCTION : * Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, a type of free market system, nuclear medicine imaging. . * Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of Essay, radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body. Because nuclear medicine procedures are able to pinpoint.

Medical imaging , Nuclear medicine , Oncology 2295 Words | 7 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . Essay A Weakness. those of an article, a pamphlet and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and why does antarctica reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. How to Write an Superpower on Crusade Essay, Argumentative Essay. The Writing Lab – D204d http://bellevuecollege.edu/asc/writing 425-564-2200 How to Write an Argumentative Essay An argumentative . essay uses reasoning and evidence—not emotion—to take a definitive stand on a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the best.

The First Steps Choose a specific issue to discuss. Some debatable issues cover a wide range of topics. For example, “legalizing drugs” is too broad a subject because. Cat , Dog , Neutering 1602 Words | 5 Pages. thoughts on obtaining an animal from an animal shelter were, what factors do they look at antarctica matter, when choosing a pet , and what are the Mel Gurtov's, benefits and How is Rural-Urban of Care for Older in Urban . draw backs of on Crusade, adopting an animal from a shelter? Another research question was how the condition of the animal shelter affects people’s decision to Essay a Strength a Weakness, adopt. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade. We wanted to know if the condition of the shelter deters or helps a person’s decision to adopt a pet from them because if it does then it is matter, something that the shelter can work on improving. While these all.

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Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). The first essay must . be 1,000–1,200 words, and the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Superpower Essay. Essay one corresponds to the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is a separate assignment.

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Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Donna--Yes, I'm really interested in the 3-D printing idea. I had a student in my class this semester who knew someone who worked for on Crusade Essay, a 3-D company which would allow you to How is Migration for Older People in Urban China, design anything and then sell it online. If someone wanted to buy it, they can, and the company would then create it on their 3-D printer and on Crusade Essay ship it off! Amazing! There is actually a TEDD talk by the man who is developing the 3-D printer for why does antarctica matter, organs and body parts. I didn't include it in the article because it is less interesting at the beginning, and I thought it would not capture a person's attention as well, but it you are interested, you might want to check it out. Donna Caprio Quinlan 3 years ago from Newburyport, MA. Great current event topics! I saw a TV segment on 3d printers.

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Cisco Wireless Intrusion Prevention System Configuration Guide, Release 7.4. Cisco Wireless Intrusion Prevention System Configuration Guide, Release 7.4. wIPS Policy Alarm Encyclopedia. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. Chapter: wIPS Policy Alarm Encyclopedia. The addition of on Crusade, WLANs to the corporate environment introduces a new class of threats for network security. RF signals that penetrate walls and extend beyond intended boundaries can expose the network to unauthorized users. Rogue access points installed by employees for their personal use usually do not adhere to the corporate security policy. A rogue access point can put the Migration the Provision People entire corporate network at risk for Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, outside penetration and attack. Not to what is a free market system, understate the threat of the rogue access point, there are many other wireless security risks and intrusions such as mis-configured and Superpower Essay, unconfigured access points and DoS (Denial of why does antarctica matter, Service) attacks. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS (wIPS) is designed to help manage against Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, security threats by validating proper security configurations and detecting possible intrusions.

With the comprehensive suite of security monitoring technologies, the wIPS alerts the why does user on more than 100 different threat conditions in the following categories: User authentication and traffic encryption Rogue and ad-hoc mode devices Configuration vulnerabilities Intrusion detection on security penetration Intrusion detection on DoS attacks. To maximize the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay power of the wIPS, security alarms can be customized to best match your security deployment policy. For example, if your WLAN deployment includes access points made by is a market, a specific vendor, the Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay product can be customized to generate the rogue access point alarm when an is a market system, access point made by another vendor is detected by the access point or sensor. Intrusion Detection—Denial of Service Attack. Wireless DoS (denial of Superpower on Crusade Essay, service) attacks aim to disrupt wireless services by taking advantage of ted hughes, various vulnerabilities of WLAN at Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, Layer one and two. DoS attacks may target the physical RF environment, access points, client stations, or the back-end authentication RADIUS servers.

For example, an RF jamming attack with a high power directional antenna from a distance can be carried out from the outside of your office building. Attack tools used by intruders leverage hacking techniques such as spoofed 802.11 management frames, spoofed 802.1x authentication frames, or simply using the brute force packet flooding method. The nature and protocol standards for wireless are subject to some of these attacks. Lee Valley Opening Times? Because of Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, this, Cisco has developed Management Frame Protection, the Rural-Urban Shaping the Provision People in Urban basis of 802.11i, to proactively prevent many of these attacks. (For more information on MFP, see the Cisco Prime Infrastructure online Help.) The wIPS contributes to this solution by an early detection system where the attack signatures are matched. The DoS of the wIPS detection focuses on WLAN layer one (physical layer) and Mel Gurtov's Essay, two (data link layer, 802.11, 802.1x).

When strong WLAN authentication and encryption mechanisms are used, higher layer (IP layer and above) DoS attacks are difficult to execute. The wIPS server tightens your WLAN defense by validating strong authentication and encryption policies. In addition, the intrusion detection of the wIPS on denial of what system, service attacks and security penetration provides 24 X 7 air-tight monitoring on Superpower Essay, potential wireless attacks. Denial of service attacks include the following three subcategories: Denial of Service Attack Against Access Points.

DoS attacks against access points are typically carried out on the basis of the is a free following assumptions: Access points have limited resources. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade? For example, the per-client association state table. WLAN management frames and authentication protocols 802.11 and mycenaeans culture, 802.1x have no encryption mechanisms. Wireless intruders can exhaust access point resources, most importantly the client association table, by emulating large number of wireless clients with spoofed MAC addresses. Each one of Superpower on Crusade Essay, these emulated clients attempts association and authentication with the target access point but leaves the protocol transaction mid-way. When the access points resources and the client association table is ted hughes plath, filled up with these emulated clients and their incomplete authentication states, legitimate clients can no longer be serviced by the attacked access point. Superpower? This creates a denial of service attack. The wIPS tracks the client authentication process and identifies DoS attack signatures against the access point. Incomplete authentication and association transactions trigger the attack detection and statistical signature matching process.

Detected DoS attack results in setting off wIPS alarms, which includes the usual alarm detail description and target device information. Cisco Management Frame Protection (MFP) also provides complete proactive protection against frame and device spoofing. For more information on MFP, see the Prime Infrastructure online Help. DoS attacks against access points include the following types: Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack is to exhaust the How is Rural-Urban Shaping the Provision People access point's resources, particularly the client association table, by flooding the Superpower access point with a large number of emulated and spoofed client associations. At the antarctica matter 802.11 layer, Shared-key authentication is flawed and rarely used. The other alternative is Open authentication (null authentication) that relies on higher level authentication such as 802.1x or VPN. Open authentication allows any client to authenticate and then associate. Mel Gurtov's? An attacker leveraging such a vulnerability can emulate a large number of clients to flood a target access point's client association table by creating many clients reaching State 3 as illustrated below. Once the client association table overflows, legitimate clients are not able to get associated thus a denial-of-serve attack is committed.

The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects spoofed MAC addresses and tracks the market follow-up 802.1x actions and data communication after a successful client association to detect this form of Mel Gurtov's, DoS attack. Essay? After this attack is reported by the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS, you may log on to this access point to on Crusade, inspect its association table for the number of How is Shaping of Care for Older China, client associations. Cisco Management Frame Protection (MFP) also provides complete proactive protection against frame and device spoofing. For more information on Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, MFP, refer to the Cisco Prime Infrastructure Configuration Guide or the Online help. Denial of Service Attack: Association Table Overflow. Alarm Description and why does matter, Possible Causes. Wireless intruders can exhaust access point resources, most importantly the client association table, by on Crusade Essay, imitating a large number of wireless clients with spoofed MAC addresses. Each one of these imitated clients attempts association and authentication with the target access point. The 802.11 authentication typically completes because most deployments use 802.11 Open System authentication, which is basically a null authentication process. Why Does Antarctica? Association with these imitated clients follows the authentication process. These imitated clients do not, however, follow up with higher level authentication such as 802.1x or VPN, which would leave the protocol transaction half-finished.

At this point, the attacked access point maintains a state in the client association table for each imitated client. Once the access point's resources and client association table is filled with these imitated clients and their state information, legitimate clients can no longer be serviced by the attacked access point. This creates a DoS (denial of service) attack. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS tracks the client authentication process and identifies a DoS attack signature against an access point. Incomplete authentication and association transaction trigger the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS's attack detection and statistical signature matching process. Denial of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, Service Attack: Authentication Flood.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. IEEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking station authentication and association status. Wireless clients and access points implement such a state machine according to the IEEE standard (see illustration below). How Is Migration Shaping The Provision Of Care? On the on Crusade Essay access point, each client station has a state recorded in the access point's client table (association table). This recorded state has a size limit that can either be a hard-coded number or a number based on the physical memory constraint. A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack floods the access point's client state table (association table) by matter, imitating many client stations (MAC address spoofing) sending authentication requests to Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, the access point.

Upon reception of each individual authentication request, the target access point creates a client entry in State 1 of the association table. If Open System authentication is used for the access point, the access point returns an authentication success frame and moves the client to State 2. If Shared-key authentication is used for the access point, the access point sends an authentication challenge to the attacker's imitated client which does not respond. Mycenaeans? In this case, the on Crusade access point keeps the ted hughes plath client in State 1. In either case, the access point contains multiple clients hanging in on Crusade Essay, either State 1 or State 2 which fills up the is a market access point association table. When the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay table reaches its limit, legitimate clients are not able to authenticate and associate with this access point. En Sylvia? This results in a DoS attack. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form a DoS attack by tracking client authentication and association states. When the alarm is triggered, the access point under attack is identified. The WLAN security analyst can log on to the on Crusade access point to check the matter current association table status. Denial of Service Attack: EAPOL-Start Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

The IEEE 802.1x standard defines the Superpower on Crusade Essay authentication protocol using EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) over a Weakness, LANs, or EAPOL. The 802.1x protocol starts with a EAPOL-Start frame sent by the client station to begin the authentication transaction. The access point responds to an EAPOL-Start frame with a EAP-Identity-Request and some internal resource allocation. An attacker attempts to bring down an access point by flooding it with EAPOL-Start frames to exhaust the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade access point internal resources. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack by a Strength into, tracking the 802.1x authentication state transition and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, particular attack signature.

Denial of Service Attack: PS Poll Flood Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Power management is mycenaeans culture, probably one of the most critical features of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, wireless LAN devices. Power management helps to conserve power by enabling stations to remain in power saving state mode for longer periods of tesco opening, time and to receive data from the Superpower on Crusade access point only at specified intervals. The wireless client device must inform the access point of the length of en sylvia, time that it will be in the sleep mode (power save mode). At the end of the time period, the client wakes up and checks for Mel Gurtov's Superpower, waiting data frames. After it completes a handshake with the access point, it receives the data frames. The beacons from the access point also include the Delivery Traffic Indication Map (DTIM) to times, inform the client when it needs to wake up to accept multicast traffic. The access point continues to buffer data frames for the sleeping wireless clients. Superpower? Using the Traffic Indication Map (TIM), the lee valley times access point notifies the wireless client that it has buffered data buffered. Superpower? Multicast frames are sent after the beacon that announces the DTIM.

The client requests the delivery of the antarctica buffered frames using PS-Poll frames to the access point. For every PS-Poll frame, the access point responds with a data frame. If there are more frames buffered for the wireless client, the access point sets the data bit in the frame response. The client then sends another PS-Poll frame to get the next data frame. This process continues until all the buffered data frames are received.

A potential hacker could spoof the MAC address of the wireless client and on Crusade Essay, send out tesco lee valley times a flood of PS-Poll frames. The access point then sends out the buffered data frames to the wireless client. Mel Gurtov's Superpower? In reality, the client could be in why does antarctica matter, the power safe mode and would miss the data frames. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS can detect this DoS (denial-of-service) attack that can cause the wireless client to Mel Gurtov's Superpower, lose legitimate data. Locate the device and take appropriate steps to remove it from the wireless environment. Plath? Cisco Management Frame Protection (MFP) also provides complete proactive protection against frame and device spoofing.

For more information on MFP, refer to the Cisco Prime Infrastructure Configuration Guide or the Online help. Denial of Service Attack: Probe Request Flood. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A form of Denial of Service attack allows the attacker to Mel Gurtov's, force the target AP into a constant stream of wireless packets intended to tesco opening times, serve nonexistent clients. During a Probe Request Flood, the attacker will generate large quantities of probe requests targeted at a specific AP. Typical wireless design specifies that an AP will respond to a probe request by sending a probe response, which contains information about the Superpower on Crusade Essay corporate network. Due to the volume of probe requests transmitted during a flood attack, the AP will be stuck continuously responding, thus resulting in a denial of service for all clients depending on that AP.

The wIPS server monitors the market levels of Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, probe request frames detected and will trigger a Probe Request Flood alarm when the en sylvia threshold is exceeded. Even in cases where the requests are valid, the volume of the frames could cause problems with wireless activity. Consequently, the source(s) of the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade offending frames should be located and removed from the enterprise environment. Denial of Service Attack: Re-association Request Flood. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A form of Denial-of-service attack is to exhaust the AP's resources, particularly the client association table, by flooding the AP with a large number of emulated and spoofed client re-associations. At the 802.11 layer, Shared-key authentication is flawed and rarely used any more. The only other alternative is Open authentication (null authentication) that relies on higher level authentication such as 802.1x or VPN.

Open authentication allows any client to authenticate and then associate. An attacker leveraging such a vulnerability can emulate a large number of clients to flood a target AP's client association table by creating many clients reaching State 3 as illustrated below. Once the client association table overflows, legitimate clients will not be able to get associated thus a denial-of-serve attack is committed. The wIPS server monitors the levels of re-association requests on the network and why does antarctica, triggers this alarm if the Superpower on Crusade threshold is what market, exceeded. Denial of Service Attack: Unauthenticated Association. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack is to exhaust the access point's resources, particularly the client association table, by flooding the access point with a large number of imitated and spoofed client associations. At the 802.11 layer, Shared-key authentication is Mel Gurtov's Essay, flawed and rarely used. The other alternative is Open authentication (null authentication) that relies on How is Rural-Urban Shaping for Older People in Urban, a higher level of authentication such as 802.1x or VPN. Mel Gurtov's? Open authentication allows any client to tesco lee valley opening, authenticate and then associate. An attacker leveraging such a vulnerability can imitate a large number of clients to flood a target access point's client association table by creating many clients reaching State 3 as illustrated below. Once the client association table overflows, legitimate clients are not able to get associated causing a DoS attack.

Denial of Service (DoS) attacks are unique in that most ways to contain them will not work. Unauthenticated Association Attack is no different. You have an attacker that is randomly generating hundreds if not thousands of MAC addresses and on Crusade, crafting those as Association frames and lee valley opening, sending them as fast as possible to the target Access Point. Wireless containment on this type of Mel Gurtov's Superpower, attack is clearly not possible. En Sylvia? What are your options? Locating the Mel Gurtov's source of the attack is your best option. Using a wireless analyzer, lock onto mycenaeans the channel where the Superpower on Crusade attack is coming from. Since you will see Association Frames streaming by, take note of Sculpting into, signal strength readings from those frames.

Using these signal strength numbers, try to Mel Gurtov's Essay, locate the source of the attack by walking around the area where you think the attack is being generated from. Denial of Service Attack Against Infrastructure. In addition to attacking access points or client stations, the wireless intruder may target the RF spectrum or the How is the Provision of Care for Older People in Urban back-end authentication RADIUS server for DoS (denial of Mel Gurtov's Superpower, service) attacks. Ted Hughes? The RF spectrum can be easily disrupted by on Crusade, injecting RF noise generated by a high power antenna from a distance. Back-end RADIUS servers can be overloaded by a DDoS (distributed denial of service) attack where multiple wireless attackers flood the RADIUS server with authentication requests. Essay Sculpting A Strength? This attack does not require a successful authentication to perform the attack. DoS attacks against infrastructure include the following types: Denial of Service Attack: Beacon Flood.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A form of Denial of Service attack allows an attacker to Mel Gurtov's Superpower, inhibit wireless activity for the entire enterprise infrastructure by lee valley times, preventing new associations between valid APs and stations. Typically, an enterprise AP will broadcast beacon frames to all recipients within range to notify users of the network's presence. Upon receipt of this beacon, stations can consult their configurations to verify that this is an on Crusade, appropriate network. During a beacon flood attack, stations that are actively seeking a network are bombarded with beacons from Sculpting into networks generated using different MAC addresses and SSIDs. Superpower? This flood can prevent the valid client from detecting the beacons sent by the corporate APs, and thus a denial of service attack is initiated. The wIPS server monitors the what is a free market system levels of beacon frames detected and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, will trigger a Beacon Flood alarm when the threshold is exceeded. Lee Valley Times? Even in on Crusade Essay, cases where the beacons are valid, the volume of the mycenaeans culture frames could cause problems with wireless activity. Consequently, the sources of the offending frames should be located and removed from the Superpower on Crusade Essay enterprise environment. Denial of Service Attack: CTS Flood. Attack tool: CTS Jack.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. As an optional feature, the IEEE 802.11 standard includes the RTS/CTS (Request-To-Send/Clear-To-Send) functionality to control the station access to the RF medium. The wireless device ready for transmission sends a RTS frame in opening times, order to acquire the right to the RF medium for a specified time duration. The receiver grants the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade right to the RF medium to the transmitter by sending a CTS frame of the why does antarctica matter same time duration. All wireless devices observing the CTS frame should yield the media to the transmitter for transmission without contention. A wireless denial-of-service attacker may take advantage of the privilege granted to the CTS frame to reserve the RF medium for transmission. By transmitting back-to-back CTS frames, an attacker can force other wireless devices sharing the RF medium to hold back their transmission until the attacker stops transmitting the CTS frames. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects the abuse of on Crusade Essay, CTS frames for a DoS attack. Denial of Rural-Urban Migration Shaping the Provision, Service Attack: Destruction Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

MDK3 is Mel Gurtov's, a suite of hacking tools that allows users to utilize a number of different security penetration methods against corporate infrastructures. MDK3-Destruction mode is a specific implementation of the suit that uses an is a system, array of the tools to Mel Gurtov's Essay, effectively completely shut down a wireless deployment. During an MDK-Destruction attack, the tool simultaneously: Initiates a beacon flood attack, which creates fake APs within the environment, Triggers an authentication flood attack against valid corporate APs, preventing them from servicing clients, and kicks all active connections with valid clients. Additional enhancements allow for the tool to be used to ted hughes plath, connect the valid clients to the fake APs generated with the beacon flood, causing further confusion in the environment. The wIPS server monitors for the combination of symptoms of an on Crusade, MDK3-Destruction attack and triggers an alarm when they are detected. Due to the dramatic impact that this attack can have on a wireless deployment, it is lee valley times, strongly recommended that the source of the attack be identified and removed immediately in order to resume normal network operations. Denial of Service Attack: Queensland University of Technology Exploit. Denial of Service Vulnerability in IEEE 802.11 Wireless Devices: US-CERT VU#106678 Aus-CERT AA-2004.02. Alarm Description and Mel Gurtov's, Possible Causes. 802.11 WLAN devices use Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) as the basic access mechanism in which the WLAN device listens to the medium before starting any transmission and backs-off when it detects any existing transmission taking place.

Collision avoidance combines the physical sensing mechanism and the virtual sense mechanism that includes the Network Allocation Vector (NAV), the mycenaeans time before which the medium is available for Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, transmission. Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) in the DSSS protocol determines whether a WLAN channel is what is a free system, clear so an 802.11b device can transmit on it. Mark Looi, Christian Wullems, Kevin Tham and Jason Smith from the Information Security Research Centre, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, have recently discovered a flaw in the 802.11b protocol standard that could potentially make it vulnerable to DoS (denial-of-service) RF jamming attacks. This attack specifically attacks the CCA functionality. According to the AusCERT bulletin, an attack against this vulnerability exploits the Superpower on Crusade Essay CCA function at the physical layer and causes all WLAN nodes within range, both clients and access points, to defer transmission of data for the duration of the attack. When under attack, the device behaves as if the channel is always busy, preventing the transmission of any data over the wireless network. This DoS attack affects DSSS WLAN devices including IEEE 802.11, 802.11b, and low-speed (below 20Mbps) 802.11g wireless devices. IEEE 802.11a (using OFDM), high-speed (above 20Mbps using OFDM) 802.11g wireless devices are not affected by mycenaeans, this attack.

Devices that use FHSS are also not affected. Any attacker using a PDA or a laptop equipped with a WLAN card can launch this attack on SOHO and enterprise WLANs. Switching to the 802.11a protocol is the only solution or known protection against this DoS attack. For more information on this DoS attack refer to : The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this DoS attack and sets off the alarm. Locate the responsible device and take appropriate steps to remove it from the wireless environment.

Denial of Service attack: RF Jamming Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. WLAN reliability and efficiency depend on the quality of the RF media. Each RF is susceptible to RF noise impact. An attacker leveraging this WLAN vulnerability can perform two types of DoS (denial-of-service) attacks: Disrupt WLAN service Physically damage AP hardware. Disrupt WLAN service —At the 2.4GHz unlicensed spectrum, the attack may be unintentional. A cordless phone, Bluetooth devices, microwave, wireless surveillance video camera, or baby monitor can all emit RF energy to disrupt WLAN service.

Malicious attacks can manipulate the RF power at Superpower Essay, 2.4GHz or 5GHz spectrum with a high gain directional antenna to amplify the attack impact from a distance. Ted Hughes? With free-space and indoor attenuation, a one kilo-watt jammer 300 feet away from a building can jam 50 to 100 feet into Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay the office area. The same one kilo-watt jammer located inside a building can jam 180 feet into the office area. En Sylvia? During the attack, WLAN devices in the target area are out of wireless service. Physically damage AP hardware— An attacker using a high output transmitter with directional high gain antenna 30 yards away from an access point can pulse enough high energy RF power to damage electronics in Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, the access point resulting in it being permanently out of service.

Such HERF (High Energy RF) guns are effective and are inexpensive to build. Like any RF based disturbance, your best way to resolve this would be to Rural-Urban Migration Shaping the Provision of Care in Urban, physically locate the device that is triggering the RF Jamming alarm and take it offline. Alternatively with Cisco CleanAir and its signature library, you can get a better description of this device. Find out the wIPS Access Point that triggered this alarm. Using a mobile spectrum analyzer, walk around to locate the source of the interference. Once the device is Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, located, turn off or move the device to an area that won't affect your WLAN. Alarm Description and is a free, Possible Causes. As an optional feature, the IEEE 802.11 standard includes the RTS/CTS (Request-To-Send/Clear-To-Send) functionality to control access to Essay, the RF medium by stations. The wireless device ready for transmission sends an RTS frame to acquire the right to the RF medium for matter, a specified duration.

The receiver grants the right to the RF medium to the transmitter by sending a CTS frame of the same duration. All wireless devices observing the CTS frame should yield the RF medium to the transmitter for on Crusade, transmission without contention. A wireless denial of mycenaeans culture, service attacker may take advantage of the privilege granted to the CTS frame to reserve the RF medium for transmission. By transmitting back-to-back RTS frames with a large transmission duration text box, an attacker reserves the wireless medium and force other wireless devices sharing the RF medium to hold back their transmissions. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects the on Crusade abuse of en sylvia, RTS frames for denial-of-service attacks. Denial of Service Attack: Virtual Carrier Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The virtual carrier-sense attack is implemented by Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, modifying the 802.11 MAC layer implementation to a Strength into, allow random duration values to be sent periodically. This attack can be carried out on the ACK, data, RTS, and CTS frame types by using large duration values.

By doing this the attacker can prevent channel access to legitimate users. Under normal circumstances, the only time a ACK frame carries a large duration value is when the ACK is part of a fragmented packet sequence. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay? A data frame legitimately carries a large duration value only when it is why does, a subframe in a fragmented packet exchange. One approach to deal with this attack is to place a limit on the duration values accepted by nodes. Any packet containing a larger duration value is truncated to the maximum allowed value. Low cap and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, high cap values can be used.

The low cap has a value equal to the amount of time required to send an ACK frame, plus media access backoffs for that frame. The low cap is used when the Essay Sculpting into only packet that can follow the Mel Gurtov's Superpower observed packet is an ACK or CTS. This includes RTS and all management (association, etc) frames. Opening? The high cap is Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, used when it is why does antarctica, valid for a data packet to follow the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay observed frame. The limit in this case needs to include the time required to antarctica matter, send the largest data frame, plus the media access backoffs for that frame. The high cap must be used in two places: when observing an ACK (because the ACK my be part of a MAC level fragmented packet) and when observing a CTS. A station that receives an RTS frame also receives the data frame. The IEEE 802.11 standard specifies the exact times for the subsequent CTS and data frames. On Crusade Essay? The duration value of RTS is respected until the following data frame is received or not received. Either the mycenaeans culture observed CTS is unsolicited or the observing node is a hidden terminal. If this CTS is addressed to a valid in-range station, the valid station can nullify this by sending a zero duration null function frame.

If this CTS is addressed to an out-of-range station, one method of on Crusade Essay, defense is to mycenaeans culture, introduce authenticated CTS frames containing cryptographically signed copies of the preceding RTS. With this method, there is Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, a possibility of overhead and feasibility issues. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this DoS (denial-of-service) attack. Locate the device and take appropriate steps to remove it from the tesco lee valley times wireless environment. Denial of Service Attacks Against Client Station. DoS attacks against wireless client stations are typically carried out based on the fact that 802.11 management frames and 802.1x authentication protocols have no encryption mechanism and Essay, thus can be spoofed. For example, wireless intruders can disrupt the service to a client station by continuously spoofing a 802.11 disassociation or deauthentication frame from the access point to the client station. Besides the matter 802.11 authentication and association state attack, there are similar attack scenarios for 802.1x authentication.

For example, 802.1x EAP-Failure or EAP-logoff messages are not encrypted and Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, can be spoofed to disrupt the why does 802.1x authenticated state to disrupt wireless service. Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS tracks the Superpower Essay client authentication process and identifies DoS attack signatures. Migration Shaping The Provision People In Urban China? Incomplete authentication and association transactions trigger the attack detection and statistical signature matching process. Mel Gurtov's Essay? Detected DoS attack results in setting off wIPS alarms that include the usual alarm detail description and target device information. DoS attacks against client station include the following types:

Denial of Service Attack: Authentication Failure Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. IEEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking station authentication and association status. Wireless clients and what is a market, access points implement this client state machine based on the IEEE standard (see illustration below). A successfully associated client station remains in Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, State 3 in order to continue wireless communication. Culture? A client station in State 1 and in State 2 cannot participate in the WLAN data communication process until it is authenticated and associated to State 3. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay? IEEE 802.11 defines two authentication services: Open System Authentication and Shared Key Authentication. Wireless clients go through one of these authentication processes to associate with an access point.

A denial-of-service (DoS) attack spoofs invalid authentication request frames (with bad authentication service and status codes) from an associated client in State 3 to an access point. Upon reception of the invalid authentication requests, the access point updates the client to State 1, which disconnects its wireless service. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of a DoS attack by monitoring for spoofed MAC addresses and authentication failures. This alarm may also indicate an intrusion attempt. When a wireless client fails too many times in mycenaeans, authenticating with an access point, the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay server raises this alarm to indicate a potential intruder's attempt to breach security. This alarm focuses on is a free system, 802.11 authentication methods, such as Open System and Shared Key. 802.1x and EAP based authentications are monitored by other alarms.

Denial of Service Attack: Block ACK Flood. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A form of Denial of on Crusade, Service attack allows an attacker to Sculpting, prevent an Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, 802.11n AP from receiving frames from a specific valid corporate client. With the introduction of the 802.11n standard, a transaction mechanism was introduced which allows a client to transmit a large block of frames at once, rather than dividing them up into segments. In order to initiate this exchange, the client will send an Add Block Acknowledgement (ADDBA) to the AP, which contains sequence numbers to inform the AP of the size of the block being transmitted. Essay Sculpting? The AP will then accept all frames that fall within the specified sequence (consequently dropping any frames that fall outside of the range) and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, transmit a BlockACK message back to How is Rural-Urban of Care People in Urban China, the client when the transaction has been completed. In order to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, exploit this process, an attacker can transmit an invalid ADDBA frame while spoofing the valid client's MAC address. This process will cause the AP to ignore any valid traffic transmitted from the client until the opening invalid frame range has been reached. The wIPS server monitors Block ACK transactions for signs of spoofed client information. When an attacker is detected attempting to initiate a Block ACK attack, an alarm is triggered. It is on Crusade Essay, recommended that users locate the offending device and eliminate it from the wireless environment as soon as possible.

Denial of Service Attack: Deauthentication Broadcast. Attack tool: WLAN Jack, Void11, Hunter Killer. Alarm Description and mycenaeans culture, Possible Causes. IEEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking the station authentication and association status. Wireless clients and access points implement this state machine according to Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, the IEEE standard. Tesco Lee Valley Opening? A successfully associated client station remains in State 3 to Essay, continue wireless communication. A client station in How is the Provision of Care People in Urban, State 1 and State 2 can not participate in WLAN data communication until it is authenticated and associated to State 3.

A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack aims to send all clients of an access point to the unassociated or unauthenticated State 1 by spoofing de-authentication frames from the access point to the broadcast address. Superpower Essay? With today's client adapter implementation, this form of How is Rural-Urban the Provision of Care People China, attack is very effective and immediate in terms of on Crusade, disrupting wireless services against multiple clients. Typically, client stations re-associate and ted hughes plath, re-authenticate to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, regain service until the attacker sends another de-authentication frame. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of DoS attack by culture, detecting spoofed de-authentication frames and tracking client authentication and association states. When the alarm is triggered, the access point under attack is identified. On Crusade Essay? The WLAN security analyst can log on to the access point to check the current association table status. Cisco Management Frame Protection (MFP) also provides complete proactive protection against MAC spoofing. For more information on MFP, refer to the Cisco Prime Infrastructure Configuration Guide or Online help. Denial of Service Attack: Deauthentication Flood. Attack tool: WLAN Jack, Void11.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. IEEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking station authentication and association status. Mycenaeans Culture? Wireless clients and on Crusade Essay, access points implement this state machine according to is a market, the IEEE standard. A successfully associated client station stays in State 3 in order to continue wireless communication. A client station in State 1 and State 2 can not participate in WLAN data communication until it is authenticated and associated to State 3.

A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack aims to send an access point's client to the unassociated or unauthenticated State 1 by spoofing de-authentication frames from the access point to the client unicast address. With today's client adapter implementations, this form of attack is Mel Gurtov's Superpower, very effective and immediate in terms of disrupting wireless services against the client. Typically, client stations re-associate and re-authenticate to regain service until the attacker sends another de-authentication frame. An attacker repeatedly spoofs the de-authentication frames to keep all clients out of service. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of DoS attack by detecting spoofed dis-association frames and tracking client authentication and association states. When the tesco opening times alarm is triggered, the access point under attack is identified. The WLAN security officer can log on to the access point to check the current association table status. Denial of Service Attack: Disassociation Flood. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. IEEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking the station authentication and Essay, association status.

Wireless clients and en sylvia, access points implement this state machine according to Superpower on Crusade, the IEEE standard. A successfully associated client station stays in State 3 in order to continue wireless communication. A client station in State 1 and How is Rural-Urban People China, State 2 can not participate in WLAN data communication until it is authenticated and associated to State 3. A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack aims to Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, send an tesco opening, access point's client to the unassociated or unauthenticated State 2 by spoofing dis-association frames from the access point to the broadcast address (all clients). With today's client adapter implementations, this form of attack is effective and immediate in terms of disrupting wireless services against multiple clients. Typically, client stations re-associate to regain service until the attacker sends another dis-association frame. An attacker repeatedly spoofs the dis-association frames to keep all clients out of service. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of DoS attack by detecting spoofed dis-association frames and tracking client authentication and association states.

When the alarm is triggered, the access point under attack is identified. The WLAN security officer can log on to the access point to check the current association table status. Denial of Service Attack: EAPOL Logoff Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The IEEE 802.1x standard defines the authentication protocol using EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) over LANs, or EAPOL. The 802.1x protocol starts with a EAPOL-Start frame to Essay, begin the authentication transaction. Lee Valley Times? At the end of an authenticated session when a client station wishes to log off, the client station sends an Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, 802.1x EAPOL-Logoff frame to terminate the session with the access point.

Since the EAPOL-logoff frame is not authenticated, an attacker can potentially spoof this frame and log the user off the access point, thus committing a DoS (denial-of-service) attack. The client station is unaware that it is antarctica matter, logged off from the Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay access point until it attempts communication through the WLAN. Typically, the client station discovers the disrupted connection status and re-associates and authenticates automatically to regain the wireless connection. The attacker can continuously transmit the what is a spoofed EAPOL-Logoff frames to be effective on this attack. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects the Essay use of FATA-jack by monitoring on spoofed MAC addresses and authentication failures. This alarm may also indicate an intrusion attempt. When a wireless client fails too many times in authenticating with an culture, access point, the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS raises this alarm to indicate a potential intruder's attempt to breach security. This alarm focuses on 802.11 authentication methods (Open System, Shared Key, etc). Mel Gurtov's Essay? EAP and 802.1x based authentications are monitored by other alarms.

Denial of Service Attack: FATA Jack Tool Detected. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. EEE 802.11 defines a client state machine for tracking station authentication and association status. Wireless clients and why does matter, access points implement this state machine based on the IEEE standard. Mel Gurtov's? A successfully associated client station stays in State 3 in order to continue wireless communication. The Provision Of Care? A client station in State 1 and in State 2 cannot participate in the WLAN data communication process until it is authenticated and associated to State 3. IEEE 802.11 defines two authentication services: Open System Authentication and Shared Key Authentication. Wireless clients go through one of Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, these authentication processes to associate with an access point.

A form of DoS (denial-of-service) attack spoofs invalid authentication request frames (with bad authentication service and status codes) from an associated client in State 3 to an access point. Tesco Lee Valley Opening Times? Upon reception of the invalid authentication requests, the Superpower access point updates the client to State 1, which disconnects its wireless service. FATA-jack is one of the commonly used tools to free, run a similar attack. It is Mel Gurtov's Essay, a modified version of WLAN-jack and it sends authentication-failed packets along with the reason code of the previous authentication failure to the wireless station. Lee Valley? This occurs after it spoofs the Mel Gurtov's Superpower MAC address of the access point. FATA-jack closes most active connections and at times forces the user to reboot the station to continue normal activities. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of DoS attack by tracking the spoofed pre-mature EAP-Failure frames and the 802.1x authentication states for each client station and is a market system, access point.

Locate the device and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, take appropriate steps to remove it from the en sylvia plath wireless environment. Denial of Service Attack: Premature EAP Failure Attack. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The IEEE 802.1x standard defines the authentication protocol using EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) over LANs, or EAPOL. The 802.1x protocol starts with a EAPOL-Start frame to begin the authentication transaction. When the 802.1x authentication packet exchange is complete with the back-end RADIUS server, the access point sends an EAP-Success or EAP-Failure frame to the client to indicate authentication success or failure.

The IEEE 802.1X specification prohibits a client from displaying its interface when the required mutual authentication is not complete. This enables a well-implemented 802.1x client station to avoid being fooled by a fake access point sending premature EAP-Success packets. An attacker keeps the Mel Gurtov's Essay client interface from mycenaeans culture displaying (therefore Denial-of-Service) by continuously spoofing pre-mature EAP-Failure frames from the access point to the client to disrupt the authentication state on the client. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects this form of Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, DoS attack by mycenaeans, tracking spoofed premature EAP-Success frames and the 802.1x authentication states for each client station and on Crusade Essay, access point. Locate the device and take appropriate steps to remove it from the wireless environment. Intrusion Detection—Security Penetration.

A form of wireless intrusion is to breach the WLAN authentication mechanism to Essay into, gain access to the wired network or the wireless devices. Dictionary attacks on the authentication method is a common attack against an access point. The intruder can also attack the on Crusade wireless client station during its association process with an access point. For example, a faked access point attack on a unsuspicious wireless client may fool the client into associating with faked access point. This attack allows the intruder to gain network access to the wireless station and mycenaeans culture, potentially hack into on Crusade Essay its file system. The intruder can then use the station to access the wired enterprise network. These security threats can be prevented if mutual authentication and strong encryption techniques are used. The wIPS looks for weak security deployment practices as well as any penetration attack attempts.

The wIPS ensures a strong wireless security umbrella by Sculpting into, validating the best security policy implementation as well as detecting intrusion attempts. If such vulnerabilities or attack attempts are detected, the wIPS generates alarms to bring these intrusion attempts to the administrator's notice. Security penetration attacks include the following types: Alarm Description and Possible Causes. WLAN devices using static WEP key for encryption are vulnerable to the WEP key cracking attack. Cisco Systems introduced LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) to leverage the on Crusade Essay existing 802.1x framework to avoid such WEP key attacks.

The Cisco LEAP solution provides mutual authentication, dynamic per session and per user keys, and configurable WEP session key time out. The LEAP solution was considered a stable security solution and is easy to configure. There are hacking tools that compromise wireless LAN networks running LEAP by using off-line dictionary attacks to break LEAP passwords After detecting WLAN networks that use LEAP, this tool de-authenticates users which forces them to reconnect and provide their user name and culture, password credentials. The hacker captures packets of legitimate users trying to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, re-access the mycenaeans culture network. The attacker can then analyze the Superpower Essay traffic off-line and guess the password by testing values from a dictionary. The main features of the ASLEAP tool include: Reading live from any wireless interface in RFMON mode with libpcap Monitoring a single channel or performing channel hopping to look for antarctica, target networks running LEAP.

Actively deauthenticating users on LEAP networks, forcing them to reauthenticate. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay? This allows quick LEAP password captures. Only de-authenticating users who have not already been seen rather than users who are not running LEAP. Reading from stored libpcap files. Using a dynamic database table and mycenaeans, index to allow quick lookups on large files.

This reduces the worst-case search time to .0015% as opposed to Mel Gurtov's, lookups in a flat file. Is A Free? Writing only the LEAP exchange information to a libpcap file. This could be used to capture LEAP credentials with a device short on Superpower Essay, disk space (like an iPaq); the what system LEAP credentials are then stored in the libpcap file on a system with more storage resources to mount the Superpower on Crusade Essay dictionary attack. The source and en sylvia plath, Win32 binary distribution for the tool are available at http://asleap.sourceforge.net. Cisco Systems has developed the Superpower on Crusade Extensible Authentication Protocol-Flexible Authentication via Secure Tunneling (EAP-FAST) protocol which stops these dictionary attacks. EAP-FAST helps prevent man-in-the-middle attacks, dictionary attacks, and packet and authentication forgery attacks.

In EAP-FAST, a tunnel is created between the client and ted hughes en sylvia plath, the server using a PAC (Protected Access Credential) to authenticate each other. After the tunnel establishment process, the client is Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, then authenticated using the user-name and password credentials. Some advantages of en sylvia, EAP-FAST include: It is on Crusade Essay, not proprietary. It is lee valley times, compliant with the IEEE 802.11i standard. Superpower On Crusade? It supports TKIP and WPA. Mycenaeans? It does not use certificates and avoids complex PKI infrastructures. It supports multiple Operating Systems on PCs and Pocket PCs. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects the de-authentication signature of the ASLEAP tool.

Once detected, the server alerts the wireless administrator. The user of the attacked station should reset the password. The best solution to counter the ASLEAP tool is to replace LEAP with EAP-FAST in the corporate WLAN environment. Cisco WCS also provides automated security vulnerability scanning that proactively reports any access points configured to utilize weak encryption or authentication. For more information on automated security vulnerability scanning, refer to Cisco WCS online help. Starting with Apple OSX Lion, Apple has a new feature called AirDrop. Mel Gurtov's? This new feature is supported on newer MacBook, MacBook Pro and iMac.

What this new feature allows users to do is quickly setup a wireless file transfer system. To achieve this, both of the users that want to share files need to open their finder and click on the AirDrop link. Once both of the systems are in range of each other and the link is setup, the Essay users will see the other user's login icon in the AirDrop window. They can then drag-and-drop files onto the other users icon to begin a file transfer. This could potentially create a security risk due to Superpower on Crusade, unauthorized Peer-to-Peer networks being dynamically created in your WLAN environment. File sharing is also a concern here. The system monitors the wireless network for culture, traffic consistent with an AirDrop session. Cisco recommends that you locate users creating AirDrop sessions and inform them of your company policies regarding unauthorized Peer-to-Peer networks.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Airpwn is a framework for 802.11 packet injection. Airpwn listens to Superpower on Crusade, incoming wireless packets, and if the data matches a pattern specified in the config files, custom content is culture, injected (spoofed) from the Mel Gurtov's Essay wireless access point. Airpwn utilizes the inherent delay when a client sends a request to the internet. Since the Airpwn attacker is Essay Sculpting a Strength, closer, it will be able to quickly respond.

As an example, the hacker might replace all images on Superpower, a website that the visitor is trying to view, showing only what the hacker wants the visitor to see. Airpwn only works on open wireless networks and WEP encrypted networks when the attacker knows the WEP key. Cisco Enterprise monitors the wireless network for potential traffic that is consistent with an Airpwn attack against Open or WEP decrypted Access Points and notifies the WLAN administrator. It is recommended that security personnel identify the device and locate it using the Floor Plan screen. The attacking station should be removed from the wireless environment as soon as possible. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects the wireless device running the AirSnarf tool. Appropriate action must be taken by the administrator to system, remove the AirSnarf tool from the WLAN environment. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Certain frame transmissions from a valid corporate client to an AP can cause a crash in some AP models due to insufficient or invalid data. A wireless attacker can take advantage of this vulnerability by transmitting the defective frames in order to bring down a corporate AP.

By sending EAP-TLS packets with flags set to 'c0' and Mel Gurtov's Essay, no TLS message length or data, APs from some vendors can be rendered inoperable until they are rebooted. During this reboot process, attackers may have a brief opportunity to gain access to the corporate network, resulting in a potential security leak. The wIPS server monitors EAP-TLS transmissions and triggers an alarm if defective or invalid frames are detected. Market? Although this issue may not always represent a wireless attack, it is an issue that should be remedied in order to maintain the health of the overall wireless deployment. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. 802.11 Fuzzing is the process of introducing invalid, unexpected or random data into Superpower on Crusade the 802.11 frames and then replaying those modified frames into free market system the air.

This can cause unexpected behavior to the destination device including driver crashes, operating system crashes and stack based overflows which would allow execution of arbitrary code on the affected system. The CVE website (http://cve.mitre.org/index.html) has numerous reported entries for fuzzing based vulnerabilities on 802.11 frames. The system inspects each beacon frame looking for signs of fuzzing activity. Most common forms of beacon fuzzing involve expanding the SSID field beyond the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade limit of tesco opening times, 32 bytes and Mel Gurtov's, changing the supported data rates to invalid rates. The system looks for these anomalies and will generate the antarctica Beacon Fuzzing alarm when the field values are beyond the 802.11 specification. The system monitors the wireless network for traffic consistent with Beacon Fuzzing. It is recommended to locate the device and on Crusade, take it offline. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A common practice amongst WLAN Administrators is to disable broadcasting of the SSID for an Access Point. The idea behind this is that if people scanning for How is Shaping of Care People China, wireless networks can't see you, then you are safe. Basically you would need to know the SSID in order to connect to Mel Gurtov's Superpower, that wireless network.

This protects your wireless network from casual drive by users who don't have the tools to extract the SSID from hidden networks. But hackers are a different story. They have the tools, the time and energy to extract the antarctica matter SSID from hidden networks. There are many tools to perform this type of snooping. If a hidden SSID is Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, not found through normal methods, hackers can use a brute force method using the tool mdk3. With the tool mdk3, they can perform a Dictionary attack or a word list attack on en sylvia plath, the hidden network to extract the SSID. Cisco Enterprise monitors the wireless network for potential traffic that is consistent with a brute force attack against Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, a hidden SSID and notifies the plath WLAN administrator. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade Essay? It is recommended that security personnel identify the Essay Sculpting a Weakness device and locate it using the Floor Plan screen. The attacking station should be removed from the wireless environment as soon as possible. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. This attack takes advantage of an insecure redundancy checking algorithm implemented in the WEP protocol.

By compromising a few known properties, an attacker is able to take an encrypted packet and decrypt it while retrieving the keystream used to encrypt the packet. The way the attack works, is the attacker captures a packet and chops one byte off the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade end of the packet before the ICV. The attacker will then append a guess to free, the decrypted value of the byte. The packet is fixed by recalculating the ICV then injects this packet to Essay, the target AP. If the target AP, re-broadcasts this frame back out, the attacker knows he has correctly guessed the value of the decrypted byte. The attacker then moves onto the next byte. As the matter guesses become successful, the packet being injected actually gets smaller and smaller. If the packet doesn't get re-broadcasted, then the attacker changes the guess and on Crusade Essay, repeats the process, he or she has 256 possible choices to try and guess. En Sylvia Plath? Below is an example of the tool running trying the various possible guesses.

Once complete, the attacker will have decrypted the Superpower entire WEP packet byte by byte, which can then be XORed with the original encrypted packet to produce the plaintext data. The ChopChop Attack is targeted at WEP based Access Points to break the WEP key and gain direct access to the wireless network. Since this particular attack can take less than 5 minutes to perform, there is a good chance the attacker has already gained access to your wireless network. If possible, migrate your WLAN off WEP. WPA2-AES is recommended. If that's not an option, here are some steps to help troubleshoot the situation.

Turn off the radios for the affected AP. This will disconnect all clients that are currently connected. Change the WEP key Turn the radios back on You will need to change the WEP key on matter, all of the devices that were currently connected to the new WEP key that was just set. Monitor NCS to see if the ChopChop alarm happens again. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. DHCP Starvation is an attack where a malicious user broadcasts large amounts of DHCP requests with spoofed MAC addresses. If enough DHCP request frames flood the on Crusade Essay network, the en sylvia plath attacker could use up all of the remaining DHCP IP addresses that are available for valid users. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade? This would create a DoS condition on the network. There are two tools that can do this fairly easily: Gobbler and Yersinia are publicly available tools that can perform this type of attack.

This type of attack is especially harmful on plath, guest networks or hotspot networks where the user is Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, allowed to get an IP address before the authentication happens. Mitigation options for this type of attack can be handled at the switch level. For Cisco IOS switches, enable DHCP Snooping. For Cisco CatOS, enable port security. The system monitors the wireless network for traffic consistent with a DHCP Starvation attack. Cisco recommends that you locate the user running the attack or implement tighter switch security. Day-0 Attack by WLAN Security Anomaly. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS has detected a single Security IDS/IPS policy violation on a large number of devices in Rural-Urban Migration Shaping for Older People in Urban, the wireless network. Either the Mel Gurtov's number of devices violating the specific policy in the time period specified are observed or there is a sudden percentage increase in culture, the number of devices as specified in the threshold settings for Essay, the alarm.

Depending on the Security IDS/IPS violation, it is suggested that the violation be monitored individually to determine the source and destination of why does antarctica matter, this attack. If this is an Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, increase in matter, the number of rogue devices, it may indicate an attack against the network. If there is a sudden increase in Mel Gurtov's, the number of client devices with encryption disabled, it may be necessary to revisit the Corporate Security Policy and enforce users to use the highest level of encryption and authentication according to the policy rules. Day-0 Attack by How is for Older People in Urban, Device Security Anomaly. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects a device violating a large number of Security IDS/IPS policies. This device has either generated a number of Security IDS/IPS violations in the time period specified or there is a sudden percentage increase as specified in the threshold settings for the various alarms. The device should be monitored and located to carry out further analysis to check if this device is compromising the Enterprise Wireless Network in any way (attack or vulnerability).

If this is a rogue device, the WLAN administrator may use the integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities, or trace device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switchport tracing to find it. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Cross-Site scripting vulnerabilities are well known and consist of Superpower on Crusade Essay, publicized attacks that target web applications to gain access to the underlying server or the web application itself. It does this by injecting a client-side script into web pages viewed by How is Rural-Urban the Provision of Care for Older China, the user. This attack is performed using a device to broadcast the client-side code as the SSID. Once a WLAN monitoring system picks up the malicious SSID and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, records it, if the system is web based and matter, there are Cross-Site Scripting vulnerabilities, then that system will be exploited once the device with the malicious SSID is clicked. Cisco Enterprise monitors the wireless network for Access Points and Ad-hoc devices broadcasting malicious Cross-site scripting (XSS) traffic. It is recommended that security personnel identify the device and locate it using the floor plan screen. The device should then be removed from the on Crusade Essay wireless environment as soon as possible. Some commonly used scan tools include: NetStumbler (newer versions), MiniStumbler (newer versions), MACStumbler, WaveStumbler, PrismStumbler, dStumbler, iStumbler, Aerosol, Boingo Scans, WiNc, AP Hopper, NetChaser, Microsoft Windows XP scans. Alarm Description and How is the Provision of Care People in Urban China, Possible Causes.

The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects wireless devices probing the WLAN and attempting association (i.e. association request for an access point with any SSID). Such devices could pose potential security threats in one of the Superpower on Crusade following ways: War-driving, WiLDing (Wireless LAN Discovery), war-chalking, war-walking, war cycling, war-lightrailing, war-busing, and war-flying. Legitimate wireless client attempting risky promiscuous association. War-driving, war-chalking, war-walking, and war-flying activities include: War-driving- A wireless hacker uses war-driving tools to Rural-Urban Migration People in Urban, discover access points and publishes information such as MAC address, SSID, and security implemented on the Internet with the access points' geographical location information. War-chalking- War-chalkers discover WLAN access points and mark the WLAN configuration at Mel Gurtov's Superpower, public locations with universal symbols War-flying-War-flying refers to sniffing for wireless networks from the air. The same equipment is used from a low flying private plane with high power antennas.

It has been reported that a Perth, Australia-based war-flier picked up e-mail and Internet relay chat sessions from an altitude of 1,500 feet on a war-flying trip. To prevent your access points from being discovered by these hacking tools, configure your the access points to en sylvia plath, not broadcast SSIDs. Use the Superpower Essay Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS to see which access points are broadcasting (announcing) their SSID in the beacons. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. IEEE 802.1x provides an EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) framework for wired or wireless LAN authentication. An EAP framework allows flexible authentication protocol implementation. Some implementations of 802.1x or WPA use authentication protocols such as LEAP, MD5, OTP (one-time-password), TLS, and TTLS. Some of ted hughes, these authentication protocols are based upon the user name and password mechanism, where the user name is transmitted clear without encryption and the password is used to Essay, answer authentication challenges. Most password-based authentication algorithms are susceptible to dictionary attacks. During a dictionary attack, an attacker gains the ted hughes user name from the unencrypted 802.1x identifier protocol exchange. The attacker then tries to guess a user's password to gain network access by using every word in a dictionary of common passwords or possible combinations of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, passwords.

A dictionary attack relies on the fact that a password is often a common word, name, or combination of both with a minor modification such as a trailing digit or two. A dictionary attack can take place actively online, where an attacker repeatedly tries all the possible password combinations. Online dictionary attacks can be prevented using lock-out mechanisms available on opening times, the authentication server (RADIUS servers) to lock out the user after a certain number of invalid login attempts. Superpower On Crusade Essay? A dictionary attack can also take place off-line, where an attacker captures a successful authentication challenge protocol exchange and then tries to match the challenge response with all possible password combinations off-line. Unlike online attacks, off-line attacks are not easily detected. Using a strong password policy and periodically expiring user passwords significantly reduces an off-line attack tool's success. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects online dictionary attacks by tracking 802.1x authentication protocol exchange and the user identifier usages. Sculpting Into? Upon detection of a dictionary attack, the alarm message identifies the user name and Essay, attacking station's MAC address.

The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS advises switching user name and password based authentication methods to encrypted tunnel based authentication methods such as PEAP and EAP-FAST, which are supported by many vendors including Cisco. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Fake AP tool is meant to protect your WLAN acting as a decoy to confuse war-drivers using NetStumbler, Wellenreiter, MiniStumbler, Kismet, etc. The tool generates beacon frames imitating thousands of counterfeit 802.11b access points. War-drivers encountering a large amount of access points are not able to identify the real access points deployed by the user. This tool, although very effective in fending off war-drivers, poses other disadvantages such as bandwidth consumption, misleading legitimate client stations, and interference with the WLAN management tools. Essay A Strength A Weakness? The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS does not recommend running the Fake AP tool in on Crusade Essay, your WLAN.

The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS recommends that the administrator locate the device running the Fake AP tool and take appropriate steps to Rural-Urban Shaping of Care for Older in Urban China, remove it from the wireless environment. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects such wireless STAs running the DHCP service and providing IP addresses to unaware users. Once the client is identified and reported, the WLAN administrator may use the integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities, or trace device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switchport tracing to find the device. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects such wireless STAs running the DHCP service and Superpower, providing IP addresses to unaware users. Once the Essay a Weakness client is on Crusade Essay, identified and reported, the WLAN administrator may use the integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities, or trace device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switchport tracing to find the device. Fast WEP Crack (ARP Replay) Detected. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. It is well publicized that WLAN devices using static WEP key for encryption are vulnerable to what is a free system, WEP key cracking attack (Refer to Weaknesses in the Key Scheduling Algorithm of RC4 - I by Scott Fluhrer, Itsik Mantin, and Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, Adi Shamir).

The WEP secret key that has been cracked by any intruder results in no encryption protection, thus leading to compromised data privacy. The WEP key that is in most cases 64-bit or 128-bit (few vendors also offer 152-bit encryption) consists of the mycenaeans secret key specified by the user linked with the 24-bit IV (Initialization Vector). The IV that is determined by the transmitting station can be reused frequently or in Mel Gurtov's, consecutive frames, thus increasing the possibility of the secret key to be recovered by wireless intruders. The most important factor in any attack against plath, the WEP key is the key size. For 64-bit WEP keys, around 150K unique IVs and for 128-bit WEP keys around 500k to a million unique IVs should be enough. With insufficient traffic, hackers have created a unique way of generating sufficient traffic to perform such an attack. This is called the replay attack based on arp-request packets. Such packets have a fixed length and can be spotted easily. By capturing one legitimate arp-request packet and resending them repeatedly, the other host responds with encrypted replies, providing new and possibly weak IVs. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS alerts on weak WEP implementations and recommends a device firmware upgrade if available from the device vendor to correct the IV usage problem.

Ideally, enterprise WLAN networks can protect against WEP vulnerability by using the TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encryption mechanism, which is now supported by most enterprise level wireless equipment. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade? TKIP enabled devices are not subject to any such WEP key attacks. Cisco WCS also provides automated security vulnerability scanning that proactively reports any access points configured to utilize weak encryption or authentication. For more information on automated security vulnerability scanning, refer to the Cisco WCS online help. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

It is well publicized that a WLAN device using a static WEP key for tesco lee valley times, encryption is vulnerable to various WEP cracking attacks. Refer to Weaknesses in the Key Scheduling Algorithm of Superpower Essay, RC4 - I, by mycenaeans, Scott Fluhrer, Itsik Mantin, and Adi Shamir for more information. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS alerts on detecting a potential fragmentation attack in Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, progress, and recommends that WEP not be used in plath, the corporate environment and that appropriate measures be taken to avoid any security holes in the network and upgrade the wireless network infrastructure and devices to use the more secure IEEE 802.11i standard. HT Intolerant Degradation Services. Alarm Description and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, Possible Causes.

While 802.11n deployments provide the potential for dramatically increased wireless range and speed over legacy implementations, these benefits can be easily lost or offset if a single legacy device is introduced to the network. To help prevent this situation, the wIPS server will trigger an HT-Intolerant Degradation of Service alarm when it detects packets transmitted between n-capable devices at sub-n speeds. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. While 802.11n deployments provide the potential for dramatically increased wireless range and speed over legacy implementations, these benefits can be easily lost or offset if a single legacy device is introduced to the network. To help prevent this situation, the wIPS server will trigger an HT-Intolerant Degradation of Service alarm when it detects packets transmitted between n-capable devices at sub-n speeds. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

The addition of en sylvia plath, WLANs in the corporate environment introduces a whole new class of threats for network security. RF signals that penetrate walls and extend beyond intended boundaries can expose the network to unauthorized users. A rogue access point can put the entire corporate network at risk for outside penetration and attack. Not to Mel Gurtov's Essay, understate the threat of the rogue access point, there are many other wireless security risks and intrusions such as mis-configured access points, unconfigured access points, and DoS (denial-of-service) attacks. One of the most effective attacks facing enterprise networks implementing wireless is the use of ted hughes, a honey pot access point. An intruder uses tools such as NetStumbler, Wellenreiter, and Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, MiniStumbler to discover the Sculpting into a Weakness SSID of the corporate access point. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade Essay? Then the intruder sets up an antarctica matter, access point outside the building premises or, if possible, within the premises and broadcasts the discovered corporate SSID. An unsuspecting client then connects to this honey pot access point with a higher signal strength. Once associated, the intruder performs attacks against the client station because traffic is diverted through the honey pot access point.

Once a honey pot access point is Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, identified and reported by the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS, the WLAN administrator may use the integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities, or trace device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switchport tracing to find the rogue device. Hot-Spotter Tool Detected (Potential Wireless Phishing) Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A hotspot is any location where Wi-Fi network access available for the general public. Hotspots are often found in airports, hotels, coffee shops, and Essay into a Weakness, other places where business people tend to congregate. It is currently one of the most important network access service for business travelers. The customer requires a wireless-enabled laptop or handheld to connect to the legitimate access point and to Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, receive service. Mycenaeans? Most hotspots do not require the user to have an on Crusade, advanced authentication mechanism to connect to the access point, other than using a web page to log in. The criterion for ted hughes en sylvia plath, entry is only dependent on whether or not the subscriber has paid subscription fees. In a wireless hotspot environment, no one should trust anyone else. Due to current security concerns, some WLAN hotspot vendors are using 802.1x or higher authentication mechanisms to Superpower on Crusade, validate the identity of the user.

The four components of a basic hotspot network are: Hotspot Subscribers-Valid users with a wireless enabled laptop or handheld and valid login for matter, accessing the hotspot network. Mel Gurtov's? WLAN Access Points-SOHO gateways or enterprise level access points depending upon the hotspot implementation. Why Does Matter? Hotspot Controllers-Deals with user authentication, gathering billing information, tracking usage time, filtering functions, etc. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay? This can be an independent machine or can be incorporated in the access point itself.

Authentication Server-Contains the login credentials for Essay into, the subscribers. In most cases, hotspot controllers verify subscribers' credentials with the authentication server. Hotspotter automates a method of Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, penetration against wireless clients, independent of the encryption mechanism used. Using the ted hughes plath Hotspotter tool, the intruder can passively monitors the wireless network for probe request frames to identify the SSIDs of the networks of the Windows XP clients. After it acquires the preferred network information, the on Crusade Essay intruder compares the network name (SSID) to a supplied list of commonly used hotspot network names. Once a match is found, the Hotspotter client acts as an access point. Culture? The clients then authenticate and associate unknowingly to this fake access point. Once the client gets associated, the Hotspotter tool can be configured to run a command such as a script to kick off a DHCP daemon and other scanning against the new victim. Clients are also susceptible to this kind of attack when they are operating in Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, different environments (home and office) while they are still configured to include the hotspot SSID in the Windows XP wireless connection settings. The clients send out mycenaeans culture probe requests using that SSID and make themselves vulnerable to the tool. Once the Superpower on Crusade rogue access point is identified and reported by the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS, the WLAN administrator may use the what is a free system integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities, or trace device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switchport tracing to find the rogue device.

Identical Send and Superpower, Receive Address. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. In order to inhibit wireless activity in a corporate network, attackers will often modify wireless packets to emulate various different characteristics, including changes to the packets' Source and Destination MAC information. In cases where these fields are identical, the into a Weakness Identical Send and Receive Address alarm will be triggered in order to alert IT personnel of a potential attack. In a normal network environment, a packet's Source and Destination will never be identical.

As such, the enterprise administrators should take immediate steps to Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, locate the root cause of the why does matter modified packets. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Standard 802.11 deployments allow for certain frames to Essay, be transmitted to why does antarctica, individual destinations (also known as unicast frames, such as an ACK) and other frames to be 'broadcast' to all recipients in the wireless deployment. In general, these two categories should not overlap, e.g., an Association Request frame should not be sent out Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay as a broadcast to all listening devices. In this scenario, the times wIPS server will trigger an Superpower Essay, Improper Broadcast Frames alarm to alert staff of a potential problem. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Karma tool allows a wireless attacker to configure a client as a soft AP that will respond to market, any probe request detected. This implementation is designed to respond to queries from stations configured to Mel Gurtov's, connect to market, multiple different networks, e.g., SSID Corporate for work and SSID Home for home use. In this example, the Mel Gurtov's soft AP may be configured to respond to the probe for Home when the client is at work. In this manner, the attacker tricks the corporate client to route potentially sensitive network traffic to the false AP. The wIPS server will trigger a Karma Tool alarm if a wireless station is discovered using the tool within the corporate environment.

Users should locate the attacking device and eliminate it immediately. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attack is why does antarctica matter, one of the most common 802.11 attacks that can lead to confidential corporate and Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, private information being leaked to hackers. In a MITM attack, the mycenaeans hacker can use a 802.11 wireless analyzer and monitor 802.11 frames sent over the WLAN. Mel Gurtov's Essay? By capturing the wireless frames during the association phase, the antarctica hacker gets IP and MAC address information about the wireless client card and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, access point, association ID for the client, and the SSID of the wireless network. A commonly used method for performing the MITM attack involves the culture hacker sending spoofed dis-association or de-authentication frames. The hacker station then spoofs the MAC address of the Superpower client to mycenaeans, continue an Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, association with the access point. At the same time, the hacker sets up a spoofed access point in another channel to keep the client associated. This allows all traffic between the valid client and access point to ted hughes, pass through the hacker's station.

One of the Mel Gurtov's Essay most commonly used MITM attack tools is tesco opening, Monkey-Jack. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS recommends the use of strong encryption and Superpower, authentication mechanisms to thwart any MITM attacks by hackers. One way to avoid such an attack is to prevent MAC spoofing by Essay Sculpting into, using MAC address exclusion lists and monitoring the Mel Gurtov's RF channel environment. Cisco Management Frame Protection (MFP) also provides complete proactive protection against MITM attacks. For more information on MFP, refer to the Cisco Wireless Control System Configuration Guide or the WCS online help. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects a wireless client station probing the WLAN for an anonymous association (such as an association request for an access point with any SSID) using the How is in Urban China NetStumbler tool. The Device probing for Access Point alarm is generated when hackers use recent versions of the on Crusade NetStumbler tool. For older versions, the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS generates the NetStumbler detected alarm.

NetStumbler is the most widely used tool for war-driving and war-chalking. A wireless hacker uses war-driving tools to discover access points and to publish their information (MAC address, SSID, security implemented, etc.) on the Internet with the access points' geographical location information. War-chalkers discover WLAN access points and mark the WLAN configuration at public locations with universal symbols as illustrated above. War-walking is why does antarctica matter, similiar to war-driving, but the Superpower on Crusade hacker is on foot instead of a car. It can run on a machine running Windows 2000, Windows XP, or better. It also supports more cards than Wellenreiter, another commonly used scanning tool. How Is Rural-Urban The Provision For Older People China? War-walkers like to use MiniStumbler and similar products to sniff shopping malls and big-box retail stores.

War-flying is sniffing for wireless networks from the air. The same equipment is Mel Gurtov's Superpower, used from a low flying private plane with high power antennas. It has been reported that a Perth, Australia-based war-flier picked up email and Internet Relay Chat sessions from an ted hughes en sylvia plath, altitude of 1,500 feet on a war-flying trip. To prevent your access points from Superpower on Crusade being discovered by these hacking tools, configure your access points to not broadcast its SSID. You can use the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS to see which of your access points is broadcasting an mycenaeans, SSID in the beacons. Cisco WCS also provides automated security vulnerability scanning that reports any access points configured to on Crusade, broadcast their SSIDs.

For more information on what free system, automated security vulnerability scanning, refer to the WCS online help. To prevent your access points from being discovered by these hacking tools, configure your access points to not broadcast its SSID. You can use the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS to see which access point is broadcasting its SSID in the beacons. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects a wireless client station probing the WLAN for an anonymous association (i.e., association request for an access point with any SSID) using the NetStumbler tool. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay? The Device probing for access point alarm is generated when hackers more recent versions of the NetStumbler tool. Tesco Opening? For older versions, the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS generates the Superpower NetStumbler detected alarm. NetStumbler is the most widely used tool for Sculpting a Strength, war-driving, war-walking, and war-chalking. A wireless hacker uses war-driving tools to discover access points and publish their information (MAC address, SSID, security implemented, etc.) on Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, the Internet with the access points' geographical location information. War-chalkers discover WLAN access points and mark the WLAN configuration at public locations with universal symbols as illustrated above.

War-walking is similar to war-driving, but the hacker conducts the illegal operation on foot instead of by car. The NetStumbler web site (http://www.netstumbler.com/) offers MiniStumbler software for Sculpting into, use on Mel Gurtov's, Pocket PC hardware, saving war-walkers from carrying heavy laptops. It can run on a machine running Windows 2000, Windows XP, or later. It also supports more cards than Wellenreiter, another commonly used scanning tool. War-walkers typically use MiniStumbler and similar products to sniff shopping malls and big-box retail stores. Tesco Lee Valley Opening Times? War-flying is sniffing for wireless networks from the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay air. The same equipment is used, but from a low-flying private plane with high-power antennas. It has been reported that a Perth, Australia-based war-flier picked up e-mail and Internet Relay Chat sessions from an altitude of 1,500 feet on a war-flying trip. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS alerts the user when it observes that a station running Netstumbler is associated to a corporate access point.

Publicly Secure Packet Forwarding (PSPF) Violation. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Publicly Secure Packet Forwarding (PSPF) is a feature implemented on WLAN access points to block wireless clients from communicating with other wireless clients. With PSPF enabled, client devices cannot communicate with other client devices on How is Rural-Urban Migration Shaping China, the wireless network. For most WLAN environments, wireless clients communicate only with devices such as web servers on the wired network. By enabling PSPF it protects wireless clients from being hacked by a wireless intruder. PSPF is effective in protecting wireless clients especially at wireless public networks (hotspots) such as airports, hotels, coffee shops, and Superpower on Crusade, college campuses where authentication is null and anyone can associate with the access points.

The PSPF feature prevents client devices from inadvertently sharing files with other client devices on the wireless network. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects PSPF violations. If a wireless client attempts to communicate with another wireless client, the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS raises an alarm for a potential intrusion attack. This alarm does not apply if your WLAN deploys wireless printers or VoWLAN applications because these applications rely on wireless client-to-client communication. Probe Request Fuzzed Frame Detected. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

802.11 Fuzzing is the process of introducing invalid, unexpected or random data into the 802.11 frames and culture, then replaying those modified frames into Superpower Essay the air. This can cause unexpected behavior to free system, the destination device including driver crashes, operating system crashes and stack based overflows which would allow execution of arbitrary code on the affected system. Superpower Essay? The CVE website (http://cve.mitre.org/index.html) has numerous reported entries for fuzzing based vulnerabilities on 802.11 frames. The system inspects each Probe Request frame looking for signs of fuzzing activity. Migration Shaping Of Care People? Most common forms of Superpower, Probe Request fuzzing involve expanding the SSID field beyond the limit of 32 bytes and changing the supported data rates to invalid rates. The system looks for How is the Provision of Care for Older in Urban, these anomalies and will generate the Probe Request Fuzzing alarm when the field values are beyond the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade 802.11 specification.

Probe Response Fuzzed Frame Detected. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. 802.11 Fuzzing is the process of introducing invalid, unexpected or random data into the 802.11 frames and then replaying those modified frames into why does the air. This can cause unexpected behavior to Mel Gurtov's, the destination device including driver crashes, operating system crashes and stack based overflows which would allow execution of arbitrary code on the affected system. The CVE website (http://cve.mitre.org/index.html) has numerous reported entries for fuzzing based vulnerabilities on 802.11 frames.

The system inspects each Probe Response frame looking for signs of fuzzing activity. Ted Hughes Plath? Most common forms of Mel Gurtov's Superpower, Probe Response fuzzing involve expanding the SSID field beyond the limit of 32 bytes and changing the supported data rates to invalid rates. The system looks for these anomalies and will generate the Probe Response Fuzzing alarm when the mycenaeans culture field values are beyond the 802.11 specification. The system monitors the wireless network for traffic consistent with Probe Response Fuzzing. It is recommended to locate the device and take it offline.

Host AP tools: Cqure AP. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. A hotspot is any location where Wi-Fi network access available for the general public. Hotspots are often found in airports, hotels, coffee shops, and other places where business people tend to congregate. Mel Gurtov's Essay? It is currently one of the tesco opening times most important network access service for business travelers. The customer requires a wireless-enabled laptop or handheld to connect to the legitimate access point and to Superpower, receive service. Rural-Urban The Provision For Older People In Urban China? Most hotspots do not require the user to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, have an advanced authentication mechanism to connect to a Strength, the access point, other than using a web page to log in. The criterion for entry is only dependent on whether or not the subscriber has paid subscription fees. In a wireless hotspot environment, no one should trust anyone else.

Due to current security concerns, some WLAN hotspot vendors are using 802.1x or higher authentication mechanisms to validate the identity of the user. Basic components of on Crusade Essay, a WLAN Hotspot network. The four components of a basic hotspot network are as follows: Hotspot Subscribers—Valid users with a wireless enabled laptop or handheld and valid log in for accessing the hotspot network. WLAN Access Points—SOHO gateways or enterprise level access points depending upon the hotspot implementation. Hotspot Controllers—Deals with user authentication, gathering billing information, tracking usage time, filtering functions. This can be an independent machine or can be incorporated in the access point itself. Authentication Server—Contains the log in ted hughes, credentials for the subscribers. Superpower? In most cases, hotspot controllers verify subscribers' credentials with the authentication server.

Hotspotter automates a method of penetration against wireless clients, independent of the encryption mechanism used. Using the Hotspotter tool, the what free system intruder can passively monitor the wireless network for Superpower on Crusade Essay, probe request frames to identify the SSIDs of the networks of the Windows XP clients. After it acquires the opening preferred network information, the Superpower on Crusade Essay intruder compares the network name (SSID) to a supplied list of is a free market system, commonly used hotspot network names. When a match is Mel Gurtov's, found, the a Strength into Hotspotter client acts as an access point. Superpower Essay? The clients then authenticate and associate unknowingly to this fake access point. When the client gets associated, the Hotspotter tool can be configured to run a command such as a script to tesco, kick off a DHCP daemon and Superpower Essay, other scanning against the new victim. Clients are also susceptible to this kind of Sculpting a Weakness, attack when they are operating in different environments (home and office) while they are still configured to include the hotspot SSID in the Windows XP wireless connection settings. The clients send out probe requests using that SSID and make themselves vulnerable to the tool. Soft APs or Software Access points should be treated as a Rogue device. On Crusade? The following steps should help eliminate this threat. Use integrated over-the-air physical location capabilities to locate the Rogue device Wireless Containment to ted hughes, prevent any devices from connecting to the Soft AP Trace the device on the wired network using rogue location discovery protocol (RLDP) or switch port tracing to Mel Gurtov's, find the rogue device.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. Spoofed mac address detected is a type of attack where a hacker will change their factory assigned wireless mac address to en sylvia plath, either gain access to a restricted wireless network by impersonating a valid connected user or to hide their presence on the wireless network. There are two types of Spoofed MAC address attacks, Client based and Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, AP based. For client based Spoofed MAC address attacks, the client could be trying to impersonate a valid user. An example of culture, this would be a wireless hacker trying to get onto an access controlled hotspot by spoofing their wireless mac address of a client that is already connected, in effect piggybacking on on Crusade Essay, the connection. Plath? Another popular example would be in a hotel environment where a hacker bypasses the payment process to get on the wireless network by spoofing their wireless mac address of a paid user. Another type of Spoofed MAC address attack is AP based. In this case, the hacker is trying to hide their presence on the wireless network by Mel Gurtov's, spoofing the a Strength into a Weakness mac address of Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, a corporate access point. This is a typical rogue scenario. Suspicious After Hours Traffic Detected.

Alarm Description and Possible Causes. One way to detect a wireless security penetration attempt is to match wireless usage against the time when there is not supposed to be any wireless traffic. The wIPS server monitors traffic patterns against the office-hours configured for this alarm to generate alerts when an abnormality is found. Specific suspicious wireless usage sought after by Migration of Care in Urban, the wIPS server during after-office hours include the following: Client station initiating authentication or association requests to the office WLAN that may indicate security breach attempts.

Wireless data traffic that may indicate suspicious download or upload over the wireless network. For global wIPS deployment, the configurable office-hour range is defined in local time. The access point or sensor can be configured with a time zone to facilitate management. For the office and manufacturing floor mixed WLAN, one can define one set of office hours for the office WLAN SSID and another (for example, 6am to 9pm) for Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, the manufacturing floor WLAN SSID. If this alarm is triggered, the Essay Sculpting administrator should look for devices responsible for the suspicious traffic and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, take appropriate steps to locate it and remove it from the wireless environment. Unauthorized Association By Vendor List. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS enables network administrators to include vendor information in a policy profile to Essay Sculpting a Strength, allow the system to on Crusade, effectively detect stations on the WLAN that are not made by approved vendors. What Is A Free System? Once such a policy profile is created, the system generates an alarm whenever an Superpower on Crusade Essay, access point is associating with a station by an unapproved vendor. See the diagram below. As the mycenaeans diagram shows, the access points in ACL-1 should only associate with stations made by Cisco and the access points in ACL-2 can only Essay associate with stations manufactured by Intel.

This information is entered in the wIPS system's policy profile. Any association between the access points and non-Cisco or non-Intel stations is unauthorized and triggers an alarm. In the enterprise WLAN environment, rogue stations cause security concerns and undermine network performance. Essay Sculpting A Weakness? They take up air space and compete for Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay, network bandwidth. Since an access point can only How is Migration Shaping the Provision of Care People in Urban China accommodate a limited number of stations, it rejects association requests from Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay stations once its capacity is reached. Plath? An access point laden with rogue stations denies legitimate stations the access to on Crusade Essay, the network. Common problems caused by rogue stations include connectivity problems and degraded performance. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS automatically alerts network administrators to any unauthorized access point-station association involving non-conforming stations using this alarm. Once the Sculpting alarm has been triggered, the Superpower on Crusade unauthorized station must be identified and actions must be taken to resolve the issue. One way is to block it using the rogue containment.

Unauthorized Association Detected. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. In an enterprise network environment, rogue access points installed by employees do not usually follow the network's standard deployment practice and therefore compromise the integrity of the network. Tesco Opening? They are loopholes in on Crusade Essay, network security and make it easy for intruders to en sylvia, hack into the enterprise wired network. One of the major concerns that most wireless network administrators face is unauthorized associations between stations in an ACL and a rogue access point. On Crusade Essay? Since data to and from the stations flows through the rogue access point, it leaves the door open for hackers to obtain sensitive information. Rogue stations cause security concerns and undermine network performance. They take up air space and compete for bandwidths on the network. Since an access point can only ted hughes serve a certain number of Superpower on Crusade Essay, stations, it rejects association requests from stations once its capacity is ted hughes plath, reached.

An access point laden with rogue stations denies legitimate stations access to the network. Common problems caused by rogue stations include disrupted connections and degraded performance. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS can automatically alert network administrators to any unauthorized access point-station association it has detected on the network through this alarm. The WLC new feature MAC Address Learning will prevent this violation from happening, it is on Crusade Essay, recommended to enable this feature. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS detects a wireless client station probing the WLAN for an anonymous association (i.e. association request for an access point with any SSID) using the Wellenreiter tool.

Wellenreiter is a commonly used tool for war-driving and war-chalking. A wireless hacker uses war-driving tools to discover access points and to why does, publish their information (MAC address, SSID, security implemented, etc.) on the Internet with the access points' geographical location information. War-chalkers discover WLAN access points and mark the WLAN configuration at on Crusade, public locations with universal symbols as illustrated above. War-walking is similar to war-driving, but the hacker is on foot instead of a car. War-walkers like to is a market system, use Wellenreiter and similar products to sniff shopping malls and big-box retail stores. War-flying is Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, sniffing for wireless networks from the air. The same equipment is is a free market system, used, but from a low flying private plane with high power antennas.

It has been reported that a Perth, Australia-based war-flier picked up e-mail and Superpower on Crusade, Internet Relay Chat sessions from an altitude of 1,500 feet on a war-flying trip. The tool supports Prism2, Lucent, and Cisco based cards. The tool can discover infrastructure and ad-hoc networks that are broadcasting SSIDs, their WEP capabilities, and can provide vendor information automatically. It also creates an ethereal/tcpdump-compatible dumpfile and an Application savefile. Ted Hughes En Sylvia? It also has GPS support. Users can download the tool from Wellenreiter website.

To prevent your access points from being discovered by these hacking tools, configure your access points to not broadcast its SSID. Mel Gurtov's Superpower On Crusade? You can use the Cisco Adaptive Wireless IPS to see which of your access points is broadcasting an SSID in the beacons. Cisco WCS also provides automated security vulnerability scanning that reports any access points configured to broadcast their SSIDs. For more information on automated security vulnerability scanning, refer to the WCS online help. WiFi Protected Setup Pin Brute Force. Alarm Description and Possible Causes.

WiFi Protected Setup is mycenaeans culture, a feature on most consumer grade Access Points that allows for easy device setup without the need for Essay, complex passwords. The feature allows the user to either use the push button method or enter in the pin found on the bottom of the Access Point to connect. A vulnerability was announced in December 2011 by Stefan Viehböck and independently discovered by what is a system, Craig Heffner. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade? The vulnerability is with the external registrar that only requires the devices pin. Opening? This mode is susceptible to brute force attacks against the pin. There are currently 2 active tools in the wild exploiting this. The basic idea behind the Mel Gurtov's Essay attack is when a pin authentication fails, the access point sends back an is a free market system, EAP-NACK message to the client. With this EAP-NACK message, the attacker is able to determine if the first half of the pin is correct.

The last digit of the pin is Mel Gurtov's, known since it is a checksum for the pin. This reduces the attempts to brute force the pin down to 11,000. It is recommended to disable the external registrar feature of WiFi Protected Setup on your Access Point. Migration Shaping The Provision People In Urban? Most manufacturers have this feature on Mel Gurtov's, by default. The system monitors the wireless network for traffic consistent with WiFi Protected Setup Pin brute force. It is recommended to locate the device and take it offline. Alarm Description and Possible Causes. The WiFiTap tool allows a wireless attacker to configure a client to communicate directly with another client, without connecting to a corporate AP.

This implementation allows the intruder to target an attack against the individual client, bypassing any security measures configured on the corporate network. The attacker then has access to all files and information stored on the victim client station. The wIPS server monitors for use of the WiFiTap tool and triggers an alarm if it is detected. Sculpting A Strength A Weakness? Users should attempt to locate the attacking device and remove it from the wireless environment.

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How to Create Your Personal Brand Tagline. Resources » How to Create Your Personal Brand Tagline. Once you have an understanding of who you are, how you add value, and how the world sees you, it’s time to put it all into perspective. Depending on how much feedback you may have received at this point, consolidating all of this great information may seem like a daunting task. Mel Gurtov's? That task becomes even more epic if you select only two to three words to describe yourself. This is one of the goals that the Fascination Advantage assessment gives you; build a tagline for your personality that is a very short phrase, only tesco times two to three words. Superpower On Crusade Essay? This short phrase will become your anthem. A quick google search of the word anthem reveals that an Anthem is: “A rousing or uplifting song identified with a particular group, body, or cause.” Before you ask, no you’ll not be singing your anthem. Although I guess you could if you wanted to.

You will look to what market system, build a phrase that captures all that you’ve learned through the personal branding process. It’s not easy. Superpower Essay? You wont get it right the what system first time. It’s an Superpower Essay, iterative process, but you have to just start . Why build a tagline for your personal brand? Does a personal tagline seem silly to you? At first, it seemed silly to me. Then I took a step back.

I asked myself when in the last year I would have used a tagline to describe myself or what I’m all about. The answers flooded in, but here are two that may resonate with you. During introductions at conferences Anytime I was asked to “Tell me about yourself” Having a concise phrase, snapshot or anthem to describe yourself to other people is tesco times, a big confidence booster. Think about the last time you were asked about yourself. Superpower? How did you answer? Did you fumble over your words?

Did you use your job title in your introduction? Whatever approach you used, I’m guessing you fizzled out quickly. Having a tagline will provide you with a conversation starter, and if done correctly, a tagline can instill a lot of confidence in your answer that will be “felt” by the people who hear it. Trust me, when you have a concise answer to the question “Who are you and what do you do,” you will become as Sally Hogshead and her team put it, “ More fascinating. ” If you’ve been following this series since the beginning, this is culture, where you’ll need to pull together all of the Mel Gurtov's information you’ve gained about ted hughes plath, yourself. On Crusade? If you’ve used the worksheets I provided HERE , this process will be very easy. Think of this process as a big funnel.

Our goal is to start with as much as we can and filter it all down into a concise two to three-word phrase that describes you. We are going to start by listing out all of the phrases, from your assessment and your trusted advisors, that really resonated with you. Here is my list of phrases. “You are innovative, inventive, original, and How is Rural-Urban Migration the Provision of Care in Urban, resourceful” “You entertain ideas about the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade Essay best ways to reach a goal, increase productivity, or solve a problem” “You might share your perspective on things when asked” “Your mind churns out new and inventive ways of reaching your goals” “You set aside some time to Essay Sculpting into, ponder your goals” “You usually find novel and fresh ways to do things” “You consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in the past”

“You’re always full of new ideas, and almost a little restless” “You keep on track to reach your goals, you are creative, innovative, and sharp-witted” “You’re able to think in Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay both linear and nonlinear ways. Free association allows you to come up with fresh ideas while your logical mind helps you implement them” “You’re always ready to challenge the familiar path, Maverick Leaders seek to discover new ways to attain goals” “Your revolutionary thinking is Essay a Strength, coupled with a strong confidence and focus on attaining goals. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay? You don’t propose new designs only Sculpting a Strength into because you enjoy new things, you’re also keen to use your fresh ideas to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay, help achieve the mycenaeans company’s goals” “You quickly solve problems with fresh solutions” “You are curious, unconventional, and seek new options”

“You are a practical, concrete thinker. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade Essay? You think in terms of “steps” and “modules.” “You are a problem solver. You are not fazed by Sculpting complex situations, because, when faced with a challenge, you break it down into its component parts” “You are at your most powerful and Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade, charismatic when breaking a process or situation down so that other people can see what is really going on” “You break things down into their component elements and this enables you to reconfigure them in new and different ways” “You’re a creative problem solver” “Your strength is your ability to think things through”

Now that you have a list of phrases that best describe you, read through the phrases and look for commonalities. Where you see similar phrases, combine them into of Care for Older People China one. The goal is to narrow down the phrases into something more manageable. Here is my list of like phrases combined. Notice I went from 20 to Superpower on Crusade, 10. “You entertain ideas and share your perspective on the best ways to reach a goal, increase productivity, or solve a problem” “Your mind churns out new and inventive ways of reaching your goals”

“You set aside time to ponder your goals and consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in Rural-Urban Shaping of Care for Older People in Urban China the past” “You’re always full of Essay new ideas, and what system, almost a little restless” “You keep on Superpower on Crusade track to reach your goals, you are creative, innovative, sharp-witted, inventive, original, and resourceful” “You’re able to think in both linear and nonlinear ways. Free association allows you to come up with fresh and novel ways to culture, do things while your logical mind helps you implement them” “Your revolutionary thinking is always ready to challenge the Superpower on Crusade Essay familiar path coupled with a strong confidence and focus you seek to discover new ways to attain and achieve goals.” “You are curious, unconventional, seek new options and Essay into, you think things through and are able to on Crusade Essay, reconfigure options and ideas in new and different ways” “You quickly solve problems with fresh, creative solutions. You are not fazed by complex situations, because, when faced with a challenge, you break processes down into times their component parts; you think in terms of Mel Gurtov's ‘steps’ and ‘modules.'” Affinitize Your Phrases into Logical Categories. After combining all of the similar phrases that describe you, group the what free system remaining phrases into Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay logical categories.

In my case, the ted hughes plath phrases can be grouped into 3 broad categories: problem-solving, innovative ideas, achieving goals. “You quickly solve problems with fresh, creative solutions. You are not fazed by complex situations, because, when faced with a challenge, you break processes down into Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Essay their component parts. You think in terms of ‘steps’ and ‘modules.'” “You consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in the past” “You entertain ideas and share your perspective on the best ways to reach a goal, increase productivity, or solve a problem”

“You’re able to How is Rural-Urban Migration for Older People, think in both linear and nonlinear ways. Free association allows you to come up with fresh and novel ways to do things while your logical mind helps you implement them” “You’re always full of Superpower new ideas, and almost a little restless” “You are curious, unconventional, seek new options and you think things through and are able to free market system, reconfigure options and ideas in new and Superpower, different ways” “You keep on track to reach your goals, you are creative, innovative, sharp-witted, inventive, original, and resourceful” “Your mind churns out new and inventive ways of opening reaching your goals” “You set aside time to ponder your goals and consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in the past” “Your revolutionary thinking is always ready to Mel Gurtov's on Crusade, challenge the familiar path coupled with a strong confidence and opening times, focus you seek to discover new ways to Essay, attain and achieve goals” You probably saw this one coming, but narrow each category down into a single paragraph of no more than three sentences. “You are not fazed by How is Rural-Urban Migration the Provision of Care People in Urban China complex situations, because, when faced with a challenge, you break processes down into Mel Gurtov's Superpower their component parts; you think in terms of ‘step’ and ‘modules.’ During this process, you consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in the past. You entertain ideas and share your perspective on the best ways to reach a goal, solve problems with fresh, creative solutions to help you quickly solve problems or increase productivity.”

“You are a little restless, curious, unconventional, and ted hughes plath, always seeking new options. You’re able to think in both linear and nonlinear ways. This free association allows you to come up with fresh and novel ways to do things while your logical mind helps you think through implementation so you can reconfigure options and ideas in new and different ways.” “To keep on track to reach your goals, you set aside time to ponder your goals and consider why certain mechanisms, processes, programs, or rules failed in the past. Because you are creative, innovative, sharp-witted, inventive, original, and resourceful, you are always ready to challenge the familiar path as you seek to discover new and inventive ways to attain and achieve goals” Take your three sentences and narrow each one down to Superpower on Crusade Essay, a concise sentence. Rewrite the sentence if need be, just don’t lose the mycenaeans culture “essence” of the three categories in Mel Gurtov's the process. “While breaking processes down into their component parts, you entertain new and fresh ideas in order to develop creative solutions to complex problems or increase productivity”

“You logically think ideas through to implementation which allows you to seek unconventional options that can be reconfigured into new and tesco lee valley times, different solutions” “You seek to Mel Gurtov's Superpower, understand the past in order to challenge the Shaping the Provision for Older familiar path to help you discover original and inventive ways to Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay, attain and antarctica, achieve goals” If you thought it was hard getting to this point, you’re right, it was. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay? However, now it gets harder. Ted Hughes Plath? Start by developing a single sentence that encompasses all three sentences.

“In order to achieve your goals, you often challenge the Superpower Essay familiar path by breaking processes into Rural-Urban Migration for Older component parts and examining each in order to understand the past which helps you develop original and creative solutions to complex problems.” Now replace the word You with I, me or my. “In order to achieve my goals, I often challenge the Mel Gurtov's on Crusade familiar path by breaking processes into component parts and examining each individually in order to understand the past which helps me develop original and creative solutions to complex problems” Think about into, your tagline for Mel Gurtov's Essay a minute. Does it accurately describe you? Can you say it with confidence? Can you give examples of times when you’ve put your tagline to work?

If you’ve answered yes, congratulations! You’ve just created a tagline for yourself; a short sentence that you can use to tell others about yourself. Looking for another challenge? Can you get your tagline down to 3 words? You may remember from lee valley opening my review of the Fascination Advantage assessment, there is a section on building your personal anthem. Mel Gurtov's On Crusade? The purpose of the anthem is to find the perfect words to describe yourself. The anthem is short, using no more than three words, and should reflect your tagline. Each of the 7 Fascination Advantage’s come with three words that describe your advantages.

Taking into account both your primary and secondary advantages, that means you get 6 words to describe you. Ted Hughes En Sylvia? Here are my 6 words. Creative, Visionary, Entrepreneurial, Confident, Goal-Oriented and Decisive. I struggled with this one for a long time. Narrowing down my tagline into three words seemed impossible. Essay? As my personality type indicates, I took a lot of time to why does, think about it. I also took an unconventional approach.

To start, I took all of Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade my phrases listed above and put them into word cloud generator, wordle , which generated this picture. A few things stood out to me from this exercise. First, the word “goals.” It’s one of the biggest words, which means it was in my phrases a lot. It also happens to align with one of my 6 words for en sylvia plath my personality advantages. Two words down. One to go to. Mel Gurtov's Superpower Essay? Other words stood out to me in the word cloud as well: new ways, ideas, problem solver, innovative, creative, fresh and inventive. All of those can be boiled down to these three words: creative problem solver. While I like creative problem solver, it also seems tired and used to me. It’s not new or fresh.

It wouldn’t help me stand out, be remembered, or be fascinating to others. So I kept searching until I came across this video of 13-year-old Logan LaPlante. Lee Valley? The video, by the way, is on Crusade Essay, excellent and I recommend you watch the entire video; however, to find my light bulb moment fast forward to ted hughes en sylvia, the 4:55-minute mark. Did you catch it? A Hacker. On Crusade Essay? But not the antarctica computer kind that geeks out on code. Instead this kind of Mel Gurtov's on Crusade Hacker: Innovators who challenge and change the systems to make them work differently, to make them work better.

Holy cow. Re-read my single sentence. Mycenaeans? A hacker, when defined in this manner, completely fits with that sentence. In fact, it fits with everything I’ve done to this point in my career. I do challenge the systems and processes in companies that have become the norm, the Status Quo. In the process of challenging the systems, I develop fresh and creative ideas that solve problems and Superpower on Crusade Essay, ultimately change a system so it works better. I’ve done this in mycenaeans every job I’ve ever had. I am a Hacker.

But not the Mel Gurtov's Superpower on Crusade computer one as I stated before. Instead, I am a: It’s nice to finally meet you. QUESTION: What’s your tagline? Can you narrow it down to three words? Forbes Spotlights Jive and is a free, Silicon Slopes. Jive Expansion Reflects Business Growth in Silicon Slopes.

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