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Anwesenheitskontrolle durch Essays etc. Is Structure! Hallo liebe Community, ich hoffe ihr konnt mit helfen. The David Statue! Vor kurzem las ich einen Onlineartikel ber die Abschaffung der Anwesenheitskontrollen an what is structure in literature, der Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. Technologies! Es ging insbesondere darum, dass Alternativmethoden, wie zum Beispiel Essay und andere nicht ausgeschriebene Studienleistungen, welche lediglich der Anwesenheitskontrolle dienen, durch besagte Abschaffung auch nicht mehr rechtens sind. What Is Structure In Literature! In einer Unterhaltung sprach ich diesen Artikel an of the thalamus, und wurde gebeten ihn weiterzuleiten. What Is Structure In Literature! Bitte keine bloden Kommentare, wie Studenten seien zu faul etc.

Es geht nicht darum sich vor Arbeit zu drucken oder so, sondern lediglich darum, dass solche Studienleistungen willkurlich und ohne vorherige Information verlangt werden, und das nicht etwa von den Dozenten. The David! In diesem speziellen Fall geht es darum, dass es eine Abschlussarbeit geschrieben wird ( in in literature der ja bereits nachgewiesen wird, dass man auch was gelernt hat) und das Sekretariat der Meinung ist, es musse ein Essay eingereicht werden, um die Teilnahme zu bestatigen, eine Unterschrift des Dozenten reicht nicht mehr aus. Honesty! Diese Unterschrift war bisher nicht mal notig in what is structure in literature Vorlesungen. Of Music! Nun verlangt man alles. What Is Structure In Literature! Es wurde sogar offen gesagt, dass das Essay lediglich der Anwesenheitskontrolle dient. The David! (Wobei allerdings einigen ohne Essay und Unterschrift des Dozenten die Lehrveranstaltung anerkannt wird, anderen nur mit Unterschrift, wieder anderen nur mit Essay, totale Willkur also.) Da in what is structure dem oben genannten Artikel noch mal beschrieben steht, warum das nicht rechtens ist, wurde es sehr helfen, wenn jemand den Artikel kennt und mich vielleicht mit der Nase drauf sto?en konnte. The Importance! Wie gesagt, bitte keine Moralvorhaltungen oder ahnliches. Is Structure! Habe mal danach gegoogelt. Statue! Das ist an what, vielen Hochschulen schon Alltag. Those Neither! Uber Google findet man einige Studienordnungen, die das bereits beinhalten.

Da steht jeweils drin, dass Essays und Co als Aquivalent zur Anwesenheitskontrolle gelten. What! Es andert sich also nichts, anwesend muss man so oder so sein. Stories! Ich wurde es so hinnehmen oder dagegen vorgehen: Entweder in what is structure einer Fachschaft organisieren und mich wehren oder mich wehren, in discovery dem ich mich exmatrikuliere und eine Hochschule suche, an what is structure in literature, der das nicht so gehandhabt wird. The David! Bis dahin muss man damit leben. Is Structure In Literature! Was genau war nun die Frage?! Es ging nicht darum, was ich dagegen machen kann, sondern, dass ich besagten Artikel nicht mehr finden kann, da ich selber auch nur zufallig darauf gesto?en bin. Those Liberty For Security! Ich habe nur di Umstande erklart, um bloden Kommentaren moglichst aus dem Weg zu gehen. Gibt ja immer jemanden, der meint, moralisch bilden zu mussen. Is Structure In Literature! Ich suche nur den Artikel, in The Assembly Essay dem steht, dass Hausaufgaben, Essays etc. Is Structure! als Alternative Anwesenheitskontrollen nicht rechtens sind,d a diese ja offiziell abgeschafft wurden. Essay! Das Essays als Studienleistung verlangt werden, ist ja okay. What! Aber eben nicht als Anwesenheitskontrolle, zumal das ja auch so offen gesagt wird.

Es geht hier nicht um die Anwesenheitspflicht sondern um die aktive Teilnahme. Of Music! Anwesenheitspflicht ist an is structure, einigen Unis tatsachlich abgeschafft worden (an vielen anderen allerdings noch nicht) was aber nicht hei?t, dass die Dozenten nicht das Recht haben, im Rahmen der aktiven Teilnahme Leistungen von ihren Studenten einzufordern - und ich finde das auch vollig ok. Day Of High School! Ob das jetzt ein Essay oder ne Textzusammenfassung oder ein Referat ist, ist ja egal. Is Structure In Literature! Auch ob das so sinnvoll ist, wenn du eh ne Seminararbeit schreibst sei mal dahin gestellt, Fakt ist aber dass der Dozent sein Seminar so gestalten kann wie er es fur richtig halt. Statue! Was das Sekretariat sagt ist btw total egal, es kommt darauf an what in literature, was der Dozent sagt und darauf, was in first high school der Prufungsordnung steht.

Ich versteh auch gar nicht, wieso du hier so ein Fass aufmachst, ohne vorher mal mit deinem Dozenten direkt uber die Problematik geredet zu haben. Bitte genauer lesen, denn. What! Hab ich kein Fass aufgemacht, sondern lediglich darum gebeten, dass mich jemand auf besagten Artikel sto?en konnte und. Essay! bereits mit dem Dozenten gesprochen wurde, dieser kein Essay verlangt, sofern denn die Hausarbeit geschrieben wird und. What! wie bereits gesagt, das Verlangen des Essays nicht fur aktive Teilnahme ist (es handelt sich um eine Vorlesung, kein Seminar), sondern tatsachlich als Ersatz fur die Anwesenheitsuberprufung dienen soll. Negative! Wenn der Dozent gerne eine Studienleistung, in is structure in literature welcher Form auch immer, haben mochte, wird dies am Anfang des Semesters geklart, sodass jeder Student Bescheid wei? und sich darauf einrichten kann. Line Essay! Von diesem Essay wusste aber der Dozent nichts und er selbst verlangt es auch nicht. Die Anwesenheitskontrolle ist an what is structure in literature, unserer Uni tatsachlich abgeschafft worden, trotzdem werden, auch zu recht, Studienleistungen in the david statue Form von Essays, Hausarbeiten etc. Is Structure In Literature! verlangt. Short! Hab ich ja auch nichts dagegen. Is Structure In Literature! Ich finde es aber rotzfrech, dass eine Sekretarin sich hinstellen und die Regeln andern kann, ohne, dass jemand was unternimmt.

Ich glaube auch, dass meine Frage hier missverstanden wird. Of Music! Ich habe nur darum gebeten, dass mir vll jemand, der den Artikel auch gelesen hat, den Link geben konnte oder etwas ahnliches, da ich von einer Kommilitonin gebeten wurde ihr diesen weiterzuleiten. What Is Structure In Literature! Ich habe keinesfalls vor mir mit einem lappischen Onlineartikel irgendwelche Studienpunkte zu erkampfen. Ich wurde mich mal an statue, den Asta/Fachschaft wenden, evtl. Is Structure! versto?t dieses Verfahren gegen die Studierfreiheit. Thalamus! Bei uns in what Duisburg wurden nach Protesten die Anwesendheitspflicht bei Tutorien und Vorlesungen abgeschafft. Who Would Sacrifice For Security Deserve! Danke, aber um die rechtliche Lage wei? ich. Is Structure! Ware einklagbar oder wie auch immer.

Aber ich hatte nur gehofft, dass vielleicht jemand genau den besagten Artikel auch kennt und mir sagen kann, wo ich ihn finde. Day Of School! Und ja das Verfahren versto?t gegen die Studienfreiheit, aber auch nur, weil es als Prasenzkontrollersatz deklariert wird. Is Structure! Hatte die gesagt, ist halt ne Studienleistung war das kein Ding. Geht mir hier aber auch nicht darum, was ich machen kann, sondern wirklich nur um diesen Artikel.

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What is structure in literature

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Category Archives: Workshop Recaps. SDO: Self Awareness Resilience, Workshop Facilitator: Catherine Cantieri, Workshop Category: You. Strategies Talked About in what is structure in literature Workshop. 90/10 Rule: Spend 90% of physics of music, your time working and the other 10% taking breaks. Challenging Task: Start your day with the most challenging task, rather than saving it for last. Control vs. Importance: Look at what is structure in literature your stresses in two difference ways to help make decisions on how to manage them and which ones to the david statue, tackle first. Diet Exercise: Start out using small goals for is structure in literature, diet and exercise in order to stay healthy and decrease stress. Different Spaces: Using different spaces at work at home for different tasks and projects. Energize using Strengths: Use your Strengths to uncover what energizes you most when taking breaks and decreasing stress.

Engaging with people: notice how you engage with people that de-stress you, or add to stress. Gratitude: Take time out of your day to show people that you are thankful. Interruptions: Allowing your phone, e-mail, and other interruptions distract you during work. Recognizing how long and how frequent these interruptions occur. Intrinsic Motivation: Find projects and Line, areas of work that you are intrinsically motivated to excel in. Outcome Visualization: Visualize you main goal or priority each day. Patterns in Triggers: recognize patterns of stress trigger patterns (who, what, when, where) Perception: Not all stress is bad stress an in literature important thing to remember about stressors is that they have no meaning until we give them meaning.

Stressors actually arent stressful, unless we decide that they are. Role Conflicts: Recognize which roles in your life may be conflicting and why so you can address the problem. Run-Walk-Run Approach: Intervals of worktime and break time; 30 minutes work, 5 minutes of break. Strengths of Others: Looking at the correlation between the balconies and basements of certain strengths, and focusing on the benefits (balconies) of those strengths that others show. Next steps are to identify stresses you can control and stresses you cannot control and determine their importance. Leading Across DifferencesWorkshop Recap. SDO: Appreciation of Differences, Workshop Facilitator: Abdul Omari, Workshop Category: Others. Participants partake in an activity where they are forced to choose one and only one identity. After small and statue, large groups discussions participants begin to add on more of what is structure, their identities.

The session is guided by the david statue, activities and discussions that force us to think about how our identities grant or take away privilege. In the end we should also be thinking about other peoples identities how best we can lead people from what in literature different backgrounds. Next steps: Continue to tease out statue, our own identities. How does context play a role in our privilege? How does context play a role in our comfort levels with our own identities? Workshop Category: Professional Practice. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Goal Orientation. Workshop Facilitators: Catherine Cantieri, Office for Student Engagement. In this day and age, with more and what, more of the hiring process being transferred to online processes, it has become very important that you create, update, and maintain a LinkedIn profile. Day Of High. Linkedin is what in literature, used by employers as both a screening tool as well as a verification of skills and accomplishments.

With that being said, dont look at LinkedIn as this big scary thing on negative your to-do list. Instead, look at it as an opportunity to market your skills and accomplishments to the world. With over 60 million members in more than 200 countries and territories around the world; there isnt a better way to market yourself to what in literature, a multitude of companies/organizations at one time than by creating a LinkedIn profile. The true beauty behind LinkedIn is stories hsc, that it gives you access to CEOs, recruiters and other employees at almost any company you would like to work for. In Literature. There are members of every fortune 500 company on LinkedIn and many of them love to see young people reach out to them and ask questions. Youd be amazed how a simple message about someones experience working at your favorite company can turn into landing you a job at the david that company.

Just be sure to is structure, keep your profile updated and looking professional as you are reaching out. A few things to do when building your profile: Put on a nice shirt (ladies) button-up (men), fix your hair and make sure you are looking your best. Then have someone take a nice head shot photo of physics of music, you for you. Get your resume critiqued by career services. This is a SELP requirement! Once your resume is ready, transfer the information from it directly to your profile. Have someone help you write an objective for your resume and what in literature, then put that into the summary box on your LinkedIn page.

Add all experience (work and volunteer), skills, the the david, degree you are obtaining, and any other relevant information/accomplishments that makes you stand out. Add connections, join groups, ask for recommendations and be active on in literature your profile. Short Stories. If you are completing the SELP program be sure you meet all the Linkedin requirements outlined here. For more helpful tips, connect to the Student Employment Leadership Program on LinkedIn! Also, please feel free to is structure in literature, reach out to us and ask more questions about LinkedIn or the professional world in of Academic Honesty Essay general. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Resilience. Workshop Facilitators: Corey Bonnema, Office for Human Resources. This workshop was designed to address:

What feedback is and the difference between informal and what, formal feedback Why routinely giving timely and statue, accurate informal feedback has a strong positive impact on performance How the Situation-Behavior-Impact (SBI) Feedback Tool can be used to what is structure, deliver clear, specific informal feedback. Feedback is an important tool to use in order to reinforce good behavior, correct poor behavior and initiate dialogue that is geared towards finding the cure for physics, a problem and not just a temporary bandage/medication. Feedback is not just needed in formal settings like a place of employment, but rather it is used in all aspects of life. Every situation has some type of feedback that can be offered and it is important to offer that feedback as often as you can so that people know where they stand. When it comes to feedback, the sooner you can render it in an effective yet direct manner, the better. What Is Structure In Literature. If you wait until the situation has gotten out of hand, the feedback you are giving is much less effective and is often coming from a place of discovery stories, anger rather than rational thought.

For the what is structure in literature, most effective feedback; use as many details as possible and dont attach the situation/behavior to the person. In other words, dont name call or use statements like You always or You never. Those are exaggerations and negate the point that you are trying to make by putting the other person on the defensive. As a student employee, if you are not receiving feedback, then it is stories hsc, important to seek out feedback that is honest and genuine. What Is Structure In Literature. Dont look for discovery stories hsc, feedback that fuels your confirmation bias, but ask for what you are doing well in addition to what you need to work on. When you ask your supervisor for feedback and they see that you are serious about improving on the job, they will begin to see you in a different light and will trust you with more responsibilities. Lastly, remember that feedback can also be positive. Is Structure In Literature. If you someone does something that you liked or they do a great job at a particular task, tell them. You will be surprised what a small complement does for the psyche in order to create positive repeated behavior. Intercultural Communications Workshop Recap.

Facilitators: Alexander Cleberg and Thorunn Bjarnadottir. This past Friday, for discovery stories hsc, the first time ever SELP held a Intercultural Communications workshop that was facilitated be the Office of International Student and Scholar Services. The workshop was full of what is structure in literature, group activities, along with story sharing about different cultural experiences. Students learned to be aware of the difficult task that is discovery short stories, communication for is structure, individuals whose first language is not English. Below you can find a brief summary of the workshop, along with some next steps for students and supervisors! Developed empathy through reflection on experience filling out a difficult form and practicing a new language. Understood how work practices such as forms privileges particular cultures. Practiced giving clear instructions. Practiced listening for The Importance of Academic Honesty, clarity. Practice asking close ended clarifying questions.

Be mindful of your expectation of those with a different level of language skill. Practice giving clear instructions in 3 steps. Practice active listening and is structure, asking close ended questions. Ask students to identify their most common instructions that are misunderstood by international students. Ask students to The Importance Honesty Essay, share how they will understand international students differently. February 6th: Resume Workshop Recap. Workshop Category: Professional Practice.

Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Goal Setting. Workshop Facilitators: Katie Ness Erica Tealey, CLA Career Services. Click Here to view the PowerPoint Presentation from this workshop! The resume (and cover letter) are the tools necessary in ones search for a job or internship. These two documents represent you on paper. The idea is is structure in literature, IF these documents are good enough, they will advance you to day of school, the next stage of the process typically, the interview phase. When you are assembling these documents, ask yourself What do I have to what is structure, offer (in terms of education, skills, and short, experience) that would distinguish me from the is structure, competition, and be a good match for their company?

Use key words found in the vacancy announcement, job posting, or from Line Essay their website. Is Structure. Descriptive action verbs are essential in Honesty highlighting skills to a potential employer. What In Literature. Is the resume formatted consistently, and is it easy to read and understand? (If your resume doesnt look good, it doesnt matter how well qualified you are. Employers wont read it.) Employers tend to the david, evaluate candidates based on RELEVANT WORK EXPERIENCE. Knowing that means. Internships are critical. Do more than one if possible. What In Literature. Part-time and summer jobs are viewed as favorable too. For some jobs, research experience is The Assembly Essay, just as good (maybe even better) than paid work.

Another thing to recognize is how highly regarded LEADERSHIP SKILLS are to an employer. Therefore, I always emphasize the 3 Es on a resume. Dont forget to include your expected graduation date, Your degree (BA or BS) and major/minor Your GPA (many employers pre-screen based on GPA) Separate out relevant (and other) work experience Internships might deserve their own section on your resume. 3. Extra-curricular activities that highlight leadership. Here are a few examples Welcome Week Leader Ambassador Campus Tour Guide Officer in a club or organization Community Involvement, etc. Another thing to note: more employers are viewing social media sites to view applicants. What Is Structure. What is your presence on social media? Is there anything there that you would be embarrassed about? I would encourage you to of music, establish yourself on LinkedIn.

The 3 Es can be highlighted there as well, along with recommendations and endorsements, and a professional head shot and summary section. Resume Workshop Last Workshop in what in literature Fall 2014! Workshop Category: Professional Practice. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Goal Setting. Workshop Facilitators: Katie Ness Erica Tealey, CLA Career Services. Click Here to view the PowerPoint Presentation from Essay this workshop! The resume (and cover letter) are the tools necessary in ones search for a job or internship. These two documents represent you on paper. The idea is in literature, IF these documents are good enough, they will advance you to the next stage of the technologies, process typically, the interview phase.

When you are assembling these documents, ask yourself What do I have to offer (in terms of education, skills, and experience) that would distinguish me from the competition, and be a good match for their company? Use key words found in what the vacancy announcement, job posting, or from their website. Descriptive action verbs are essential in short highlighting skills to a potential employer. Is the resume formatted consistently, and is it easy to read and understand? (If your resume doesnt look good, it doesnt matter how well qualified you are. Employers wont read it.) Employers tend to evaluate candidates based on RELEVANT WORK EXPERIENCE.

Knowing that means. Internships are critical. Do more than one if possible. What. Part-time and summer jobs are viewed as favorable too. For some jobs, research experience is Line, just as good (maybe even better) than paid work.

Another thing to recognize is is structure, how highly regarded LEADERSHIP SKILLS are to an employer. Therefore, I always emphasize the 3 Es on a resume. Dont forget to include your expected graduation date, Your degree (BA or BS) and major/minor Your GPA (many employers pre-screen based on GPA) Separate out relevant (and other) work experience Internships might deserve their own section on your resume. 3. Extra-curricular activities that highlight leadership. Here are a few examples Welcome Week Leader Ambassador Campus Tour Guide Officer in a club or organization Community Involvement, etc. Another thing to physics, note: more employers are viewing social media sites to view applicants. What Is Structure. What is your presence on first social media? Is there anything there that you would be embarrassed about?

I would encourage you to establish yourself on what LinkedIn. First School. The 3 Es can be highlighted there as well, along with recommendations and endorsements, and a professional head shot and summary section. Workshop Category: Professional Practice. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Goal Orientation. Workshop Facilitators: Catherine Cantieri, Katy Hinz. In this day and age, with more and more of the hiring process being transferred to online processes, it has become very important that you create, update, and maintain a LinkedIn profile.

Linkedin is used by employers as both a screening tool as well as a verification of what in literature, skills and accomplishments. With that being said, dont look at LinkedIn as this big scary thing on your to-do list. Instead, look at it as an opportunity to market your skills and accomplishments to the world. With over 60 million members in the david statue more than 200 countries and territories around the world; there isnt a better way to market yourself to a multitude of companies/organizations at what one time than by short stories hsc, creating a LinkedIn profile. The true beauty behind LinkedIn is that it gives you access to CEOs, recruiters and other employees at almost any company you would like to work for. There are members of every fortune 500 company on LinkedIn and is structure in literature, many of them love to see young people reach out to them and statue, ask questions.

Youd be amazed how a simple message about someones experience working at your favorite company can turn into landing you a job at that company. In Literature. Just be sure to keep your profile updated and looking professional as you are reaching out. A few things to do when building your profile: Put on a nice shirt (ladies) button-up (men), fix your hair and make sure you are looking your best. Then have someone take a nice head shot photo of first school, you for you. Get your resume critiqued by career services. This is a SELP requirement!

Once your resume is ready, transfer the is structure in literature, information from it directly to stories, your profile. Have someone help you write an objective for what is structure in literature, your resume and then put that into the summary box on your LinkedIn page. Add all experience (work and volunteer), skills, the of music, degree you are obtaining, and any other relevant information/accomplishments that makes you stand out. Add connections, join groups, ask for recommendations and what is structure, be active on your profile. If you are completing the negative effects, SELP program be sure you meet all the Linkedin requirements outlined here. For more helpful tips, connect to the Student Employment Leadership Program on LinkedIn! Also, please feel free to reach out to us and ask more questions about LinkedIn or the professional world in general. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Self Awareness Appreciation of Differences. Workshop Facilitator: Katy Hinz, SELP. Overview of Motivation and why it is important to know your motivation style, your supervisors style, and your co-workers style. Completed the Motivation Inventory to discover individual motivation style.

Described the six motives: Achievement: Like challenge and wants to in literature, feel a sense of accomplishment. Autonomy: Enjoy freedom, creativity, and making decisions. First Day Of High School. Power/Influence: Prefer to lead and guide the what, action of others. Relationship: Like to be part of a team and seek out collaboration. Security: Enjoy steady tasks, structure, and consistency. Of Music. Balance/Comfort: Strive for a comfortable, well-balanced work and home environment.

In small and what in literature, large groups discussed the pros and cons of each motivation type and how to The Assembly Line, best work with people with different motivation types. What Is Structure In Literature. Watched Daniel Pinks video called The Surprising Truth of what Motivates Us. Discuss your motivation style with your supervisor. Give them feedback on the positive ways they have motivated you. Find out what your motivation style is by completing the Motivation Inventory . Ask your student staff to complete the inventory (if they havent already), discuss the the david, results and how you can better work together and is structure in literature, motivate one another. Discovery Short Hsc. There are tips for is structure, how to work with people with each motivation type you can find here. Learn more about discovery motivation by is structure, watching Daniel Pinks video called The Surprising Truth of what Motivates Us. Workshop Student Development Outcomes: Goal Orientation and Responsibility and Accountability. Workshop Facilitator: Nicole Park, University Counseling and day of, Consulting Services. College students are so busy with class, homework, projects, studying, relaxing, relationships, student organizations, sports, and jobs.

How do you fit all of that into a 7-day week? Time management can be a helpful and is structure, important skill in navigating and balancing your multiple responsibilities. Time management is: Scheduling what is going to the david, be worked on and in what order Goal setting Prioritizing Not a thing to is structure in literature, be done its an physics of music opportunity to identify what will bring you a sense of satisfaction and/or accomplishment for the day. About choices and choice-making.

In the workshop, participants: Completed a weekly planner Reviewed important time managing skills The ability to say no Spacing things out stopping procrastination Using social and free time wisely Prioritizing and reprioritizing constantly Remembering to what in literature, eat well, sleep well, and exercise Reviewed time savers Finding a study space Studying at the best times of the david statue, day for in literature, you Switching subject areas and studying one subject for The Assembly, only one hour at a time Doing difficulty assignments and studying difficult subjects first Break down overwhelmingly large tasks into manageable parts to what is structure in literature, accomplish a little each day Scheduling your entire semester to get a sense of when your assignments are due and when your time is short stories hsc, going to feel more crunched.

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Analog Circuit Design Engineer Resume. Posted on: 2008-09-12. In Literature! This button will open the login/register page in a new tab. After logging in, come back to this page and refresh your browser. Member, The Analog VLSI Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus. IEEE Student member, Communications, Circuits and The Importance Essay Systems Societies. E-mail: (email hidden) Phone: (phone hidden) Residence: D, Worthington Ave, Columbus, Ohio-, USA Web page : bala.co.nr. Goal- To be a part of a team of highly motivated designers in a company that provides excellent learning opportunities and in turn. satisfy the thirst for what is structure in literature, knowledge.

Keywords - Analog Circuit Design, VLSI, RF Circuit Design, High Speed Analog to Digital Converters, Phase Locked Loops, VHDL, RTL, Logic Design, Cadence, Layout Design, Clock and Data Recovery, TSMC .um, DNA Classification, bio-technology, image processing.. MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.S.) Aug Dec (Expected) Majoring in discovery short hsc, Analog VLSI. Pursuing M.S. at The Analog VLSI Lab, The Department of what Electrical and Computer. Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. CGPA: . / (Up to physics, quarters; Joined OSU in Fall. ). TOEFL CBT Score: / GRE Score: / (Verbal: /, Quantitative: /, Essay: ./) BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (B.E.) July May B.E. From Misrimal Navajee Munoth Jain Engineering College, Anna University, Chennai, India. Rank in the.

Department of ECE: th out of students. Cadence (Virtuoso, Spectre, Analog Design Environment and Virtuoso Layout Editor), TopSpice. Advanced Design Systems (ADS) from what, Agilent for RF Circuit Design. FPGA system design using Altera Quartus, AHDL, VHDL, Modelsim; RTL and gate level design. Technologies worked on: .um CMOS from the david statue, TSMC, .um CMOS from TSMC and .um CMOS from NCSU. Microsoft Windows (., , , ME, XP, Vista) Macintosh OSX (basic knowledge) Linux (Ubuntu, Red Hat) RELEVANT COURSE WORK. Is Structure! Introduction to Analog Integrated Circuits, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Microwave Circuits. Winter Jan Mar Low Power Mixed Signal VLSI Design, Microwave Transistor Amplifiers and Oscillators, Digital Logic Lab. Spring Apr June Introduction to RF Integrated Circuits, Digital and Mixed Signal VLSI Design, Analog VLSI Design, Seminar on Bio. Advanced Computer Design. Thesis: A -bit, Gsps Sub-ranging Flash ADC in .um CMOS with digitally controlled speed and power. Research Interests Aug - Dec High Speed Analog to Digital Converters, Phase Locked Loops, Bio-Technology, Image Processing.

Member of the. research group of The Analog VLSI Laboratory founded and directed by Professor Mohammed Ismail. CURRENT AREAS OF WORK. Flash Analog to negative effects, Digital Converter: Developed a High Speed CMOS subranging Flash ADC for what is structure, UWB applications. stage sub ranging bits . The Importance Of Academic Essay! Gsps Flash. consuming mW with digital speed and is structure in literature power setting. Phase Locked Loops: Developed and physics optimized the phase locked loop for a clock and data recovery circuit working at Gbps and a clocking. frequency of GHz in a .um CMOS technology for what in literature, a Clock and Data Recovery System. IEEE RECOGNISED PUBLICATIONS. The David Statue! Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Athreya Vydhyanathan, Mohammed Ismail, (), A . Gsps -bit Stage Pipelined.

Flash Analog to Digital Converter for UWB Applications Targeting stage Time Interleaving Architecture, MNRC. , Ottawa, Canada, October -, . [Also selected at WASET , Venice, Italy; ICACTE , Pukhet, Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Shankar Thirunakarasu, (), Current Pumping and Voltage Pulling, an Application to. a . Gsps Flash ADC, published at ICACTE , Pukhet, Thailand, December -, . [Also selected at. WASET , Venice, Italy]. Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Bharath Anand, Winston Paul, (), Development of in literature Protocol for Multi-User Wireless. CDMA Computer Network with Variable Data Rate and Dynamic Code Length Allocation in The Assembly Line Essay, Ad-Hoc Mode, ICCIMA, Sivakasi, India, Dec -, . Balasubramanian Sivakumar, (), Image Encryption Using Infinte Series Convergence, The International. Conference on is structure Systems Engineering, (ICSENG), University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA, Aug.-, . Developed a . GSPS, bit pipelined flash ADC aimed at time interleaved architecture having eight levels of. interleaving, developed layout, performed corner and Monte Carlo simulations. Constructed a Narrow Band Filter at . The Assembly Line Essay! GHz, with a bandwidth of MHz, for an . filter. Constructed a Class F Amplifier for what is structure in literature, a microwave circuit operating at GHz. Developed the The Importance of Academic protocol, software(in Matlab) and simulated the hardware(in VHDL) for in literature, a wireless computer network. working with symbol synchronous CDMA technology in Ad Hoc mode with dynamic code and code length allocation. for variable data rates for my final year project in under graduate. Constructed a low power, medium range FM signal and speech transmitter for physics, the rd semester mini project in under. Image processing in medical imaging, to detect fractures, tumors etc. Image encryption through scrambling using an. infinite series and its convergence value as an encipher algorithm which was developed. This algorithm produces zero. error decryption. It has a reciprocal key of variable length, depending on what image size and physics of music user input.

It is usually around. Is Structure! bits, i.e. an of music bit key. Data compression using polynomial, Gaussian, Bessel function approximations of what is structure in literature data and technologies negative effects positions. These processes. are only in literature very good approximations but not accurate. This method promises to provide a compression ratio such that it. requires only around coefficients in the place of data lengths much larger than .*^. Author for the Matlab tutorial for Electronz, the ECE department News Letter in MNMJEC. Author and Judge for the C Coding Challenge in Electronz, the ECE department News Letter in MNMJEC. Statue! Received an invitation to join the International High IQ Society, after securing an IQ Score of . Is Structure! Editor for Electronz, the discovery short ECE department News Letter in MNMJEC. Organizer for the LAN games for the ECE department symposium in MNMJEC. Member of what IEEE, member of Circuits and Systems and school Communications societies. SUMMER INTERNSHIP Jun Sep Summer Internship at The Integrated Systems Lab at Anna University, India worked under Prof.

P.V.Ramakrishna. Worked on optimization of PLLs, Matlab modeling of filters, matching networks for Low Noise Amplifiers and bio-technology. References: Prof. What Is Structure In Literature! Mohammed Ismail. 2017, Women's Job List LLC.

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T. S. Eliot Poetry: British Analysis - Essay. One useful approach to T. S. Eliots poetry is to examine voices and fragments as they announce and illustrate themes. In the concluding section of The Waste Land , one of Eliots speakers provides a key to that poem, to Eliots poetry generally, and to the theory and is structure in literature, practice of poetic composition that marked his career as a writer: These fragments I have shored against my ruins. These fragments consist mainly of highly allusive phrases and quotations, of intricately wrought verbal symbols, of lines of direct simplicity and complex opacity, of passages of sheer beauty and The Importance Essay, crabbed commonality fixed in formulated phrases, arranged and rearranged until, in the best of the poetry, one finds the complete consort dancing together. On first coming to Eliots poetry, especially to The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock or The Waste Land , the readers usual (and perfectly acceptable) reaction is one of bewilderment, excitement, and, at best, an appreciation of the poetic statements that does not necessarily involve an understanding of precisely what is said, the conditions under which it is said, the in literature full nature of the speaker, or his or her aims, intentions, or situation. The fragments owe much to day of high Eliots youthful experience in St. Louis, summers on the New England coast, his Harvard education, his visits to Paris and Munich, and the Oxford and is structure in literature, London years. Furthermore, they stem from his lifelong immersion in Dante and the Bible and from his omnivorous reading. He was particularly drawn to of music French Symbolist poetry (especially Laforgue), the what is structure in literature Elizabethan and Jacobean playwrights, especially John Webster, Cyril Tourneur, Christopher Marlowe, and William Shakespeare, and Donne and the other Metaphysical poets. To come to Eliots poetry with such a literary background is to see the phrases of other writers whom Eliot admired take on new and sometimes surprising meanings. To read Eliots work without such a background may mean that the reader will miss both the larger and stories hsc, the particular allusions, but still the reader may grasp possible meanings of individual poems.

The unwary reader may be carried along on the surface of the poem or find himself in sympathy with an expressed emotion without clearly knowing what is at what is structure issue. All readers should have recourse to those works to which Eliot seems to Line allude so that they may proceed the what is structure more intelligently with the poem at hand. The fragments that Eliot quotes or alludes to are the necessary baggage of the intelligent reader, impedimenta that include much of the Western European tradition and elements from Middle and Far Eastern culture. In many respects, Eliot the poet became not unlike Joseph Conrads Mr. Kurtz or, indeed, Marlow: He became A Voice, an invisible poet (Hugh Kenners phrase) who speaks. The voice or voices in the poems are usually those that repeat formulas embedded in literary, cultural, and religious traditionsuncertain voices that often betray their speakers lack of self-knowledge or clear identity; they may be voices (especially in the Ariel poems) whose certitudes are affirmed only as they speak them (word becomes act) and physics of music, which may be truly chimerical. The voices speaking the fragments, even the unified voice of Four Quartets , are the voices of humanity (though often a special order of humanity) seeking, as they turn over the fragments and seek the sense of sounds, to understand, explain, and identify themselves in terms of the past, present, and future. The voices, desiderative, expectant, seek in the expression of a word or words to is structure communicate themselves to Line Essay other communicants (the reader) and to educate those communicants in the mystery of a common life, the implications of action or inaction, the generalizable elements of a particular experience or emotion. Long before his Paris year (1910-1911), Eliot had read Arthur Symonss The Symbolist Movement in Literature (1899) and had come under the sway of French Symbolist poetry. He had published some undergraduate poetry (phrases of which he used in later poems) and had begun two major poems, Portrait of a Lady and The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. He completed the latter at Munich (1911) but it remained in what in literature, manuscript until Ezra Pound persuaded Harriet Monroe to publish it in Poetry (1915); it then formed the nucleus for Eliots first volume of poetry, Prufrock and Other Observations , in which he may justly be said to have inaugurated modern poetry in English.

It is with The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, the first masterpiece of an apprentice, that a just appreciation of Eliots oeuvre should begin. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock Like Portrait of a Lady and most of his poetry prior to Four Quartets , The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is a dramatic, if static, monologue. It is heavily influenced by Jules Laforgues poetic technique in first day of high, that it presents an interior landscape of atomized consciousness. The male narrator (the voice) worries about the possibility of an erotic encounter as he worries and puzzles over his own identity, his too conscious sense of self, his meaning and place in a surreal and menacing universe of his own devising, and his observations (objective and subjective genitive, as James Joyce phrased it) while he confides to a reader (who is called on to become part of Prufrocks divided self) the fragmented perceptions of himself and his situation. Prufrock does not, however, arrive at what is structure any conclusions about the first high school encounter or about his own identity and what, meaning. The epigraph (Dante, Inferno , 27) provides a key to the incongruous love song of an physics impossible lover and sets the reader squarely in Hell listening to a reluctant speaker (who cannot say what he means) who will confide in in literature, the auditor/reader as Guido did in the character Dante, without fear or infamy, without fear that the secret will be revealed on earth (will become the subject of observations), particularly in the hearing of the perplexing women who come and go in statue, the troublesome room or of the desirable but distant and somewhat fearsome recumbent woman. It is possible to exclude the reader as the addressee of this poem and to read it as an interior dialogue between self and soul: Such a reading would heighten to a clinical level the disorder of identity that is sensed in Prufrocks divided self. The voice that addresses the in literature reader in scraps of experience remembered and fearfully anticipated and in fragments of the david historical- and self-consciousness does so in what is structure in literature, response to a question, presumably posed by the reader in a Dantesque role.

As Hugh Kenner aptly points out, the short hsc reader enters a zone of consciousness in the poem, not a verifiable or constant realistic setting. Prufrock is is structure, not a real character who tells a logical or temporally sequential story. Indeed, the reader participates in the unfolding narrative by hearing and deciding what is part of the world of recognizable experience and what is intrinsic to a fragmented, disjointed, disordered, diseased consciousness that speaks familiarly (you and I) of a shared boredom of social rounds and obligations, of the terror of rejection, and (the greater Prufrockian terror) of first high acceptance and surrender in sexual contactall of which contribute to in literature a sense of cognitive and emotional paralysis for which Prufrock finds a disordered objective correlative in the sky/ Like a patient etherised upon a table. The literary fragments in the poem include the central situational analogue in The Importance of Academic Honesty, the Inferno , the Polonian self-caricature, and in literature, grotesque visions of Saint John the Baptist and Lazarus returned from the dead. None of the the david statue characters in what is structure, the fragments belong to the realm of the statue living and all represent an what inability to say just what I mean. Gerontion (1919) carries on the pattern of monologue that Eliot established in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Portrait of a Lady. Here Eliot presents another voice speaking, besides words of first school his own devising, words from the Bible, William Shakespeare, Cyril Torneur, Thomas Middleton, Ben Jonson, and George Chapman. Is Structure In Literature. He intended Gerontion to be a prolegomenon to The Waste Land , and the david statue, as such it is more than adequate: It deals with concerns and embodies themes common to the longer poem: themes such as aridity, the inadequacies of the common experience of sexuality and love, historys contrived corridors, the function of memory, the Christian economy of salvation, and the attempts of consciousness to order disparate experiences and is structure in literature, make them comprehensible. Structurally, both works are collages that use allusive language to make human history manageable; technically, they both employ a stream of consciousness tentatively centered in the centrifugal thoughts of a dry brain in a dry season. Gerontion and the foreign figures who flit through the of music Inferno and Purgatorio of his memory are figures of desolation who have reaped the whirlwind of their own personal histories and what, of history generally.

The characters, from Mr. Silvero to Mrs. Cammel, represent some of the dry thoughts that Gerontion houses. They typify one major difficulty that the poem presents: the tension between the past, the past remembered in the present, and the presentthe past dominating the present and vitiating it as memory mixes with desire in a futile nostalgia that prevents the narrator from acting (reaching conclusion). This temporal tension is at technologies the poems core and is resolved only in the poems emphasis on the act of remembering. Once again, as in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and what, The Waste Land , the self-conscious voices utter personal and historical fragments that illuminate consciousness speaking. The point of remembering these fragments is to identify a fundamental problem of first day of high meaning that attaches to peripheral love (of art, for example) and to love (possibly of the poems addressee), its meaning in personal and general historical context, and the relationship of is structure those meanings to the meaning of the death for which Gerontion waits and the possibility of another kind of discovery short stories hsc life hereafter. The transition from Gerontion to The Waste Land , in which Gerontion is transformed into Tiresias, is a movement from considerable opacity to relative clarity, though the later poem is indeed perplexing. In 1953, Eliot wrote that he did not look forward with pleasure either to literary oblivion or to a time when his works would be read only by a few graduate students in Middle Anglo-American, 42B. Together with The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Four Quartets , The Waste Land ensures that neither of what is structure in literature those ends is probable.

Eliot stunned all, and outraged some, of the literary world in 1922 with the publication (in The Criterion and The Dial ) of The Waste Land , a work that has engendered more commentaries, interpretations, and discussions than any other poem of the twentieth century. Structurally, the of music work is a series of five poems that constitute one poem; parts of it were written and rewritten over the course of at least seven years, with editorial help for the final version from Ezra Pound. When he published it in book form, Eliot added more than fifty notes to the poem, some of which are not helpful and is structure in literature, some of which emphasize the importance of vegetation ceremonies and direct the reader to Sir James Frazers The Golden Bough (1890-1915) and to Jessie L. Physics. Westons work on the Grail legend, From Ritual to what is structure Romance (1920). The wealth of technologies negative literary fragments, clues, and allusions to other works, the inclusion of foreign words and phrases and what is structure in literature, of arcane material, may produce some bafflement and has inspired numerous exegetical tracts. It is of primary importance not to treat the technologies poem as a highly sophisticated double-cross; instead, one should, before beginning a search for in literature sources and analogues, surrender to it as an emotional, intellectual, puzzling, and disquieting poem.

It is only in technologies negative effects, allowing for is structure the experience of communicable and precisely incommunicable emotion that the discovery stories poem can work as a poem rather than as an occasion for the exercise of literary archeology. Eliot wrote (note to 1.218), Tiresias, although a mere spectator and not indeed a character, is yet the what is structure most important personage in the poem, uniting all the rest. . . . What Tiresias sees , in fact, is the substance of the poem. One may, on Eliots authority, read the The Assembly Line Essay poem as an account of Tiresiass observations as he guides the reader through his own memory to various locations in The Waste Land as seen or remembered on a journey that is both in and out of what is structure in literature time. Thus, many elements fall into place as Tiresias subsumes all the characters or speakers in a multilayered, cyclical ritual of technologies negative effects death and rebirth. Alternatively, one may read the poem as a series of fragmented monologues, in is structure, the manner of The Love Song of J. The Assembly Essay. Alfred Prufrock, so that Tiresiass becomes only one among many voices. So to read it is to find Eliots note somewhat misleading. Assuming that this is a Symbolist poem, perhaps the Symbolist poem of the twentieth century, the historical and cultural dimensions that many critics have so ably attributed to it (as being a poem about the disillusionment of a particular generation, about the 1920s, about London, and so on) recede. So, too, do the ubiquitous anthropological considerations of is structure barren land, infertility, initiation rites, and the death of gods. Both sets of data may, then, be treated as objective correlatives for emotions that the poet seeks to express. The Importance Of Academic Honesty Essay. What remain as underlying themes are sexual disorder (basic to the Grail and to vegetation myths), the lack of and need for religious belief (accented negatively by the presence of is structure Madam Sosostris and positively in The Fire Sermon and What the Thunder Said), and the process of poetic composition (fragments shored against my ruins).

These may be seen as elaborations in The Waste Land of themes present in Portrait of a Lady, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Hippopotamus (1917), and physics, Gerontion; they are themes that also relate directly to Eliots lessons from Dantes La vita nuova (c. What In Literature. 1292; Vita Nuova , 1861; better known as The New Life ) and La divina commedia (c. 1320, 3 volumes; The Divine Comedy , 1802). The diverse interpretations of what the poem is about have obvious implications for how one values the fragments of which it is composed and, to discovery short hsc return to the question of voice, how one identifies the what is structure in literature speaker and the burden of his speech. If, for example, one assumes that the blind, androgynous Tiresias speaks in many voices and does so with foreknowledge of physics all, one may conclude that the work stands as a monument to the disillusionment not of is structure in literature one generation but of many. One may also find that the of music slight progress of the what in literature Fisher King from the dull canal behind the gashouse (part 3) to the shore (part 5) has slight significance and that the question about the david statue, setting his lands in order is, like shoring fragments against is structure ruins, all that can be done before capitulating to of Academic the inevitable continuation of a condition in is structure, which the land will remain waste. Tiresias has, after all, foreseen this, too. If one assumes a multiplicity of voices, however, beginning with Marie, the Hyacinth Girl (or, in the epigraph, with the Sibyls complaint and the voice speaking of it), and ending with the Fisher King, the Thunder, and discovery short, a new voice (or many voices) speaking in the poems last lines, one has a quite different experience of the poem. In the second reading, one treats the work as a series of soliloquies or monologues all mixing memory with quite different desires, all commenting on various meanings (or lack of meaning) or love, and all concerned with hope or its opposite, hope negated in self-irony, hope centered on the release from individual prisons, hope tempered by trepidations attendant on the awful daring of a moments surrender, and, possibly, hope that the Fisher King has finally thrown off accidia by what in literature, asking himself the one needful question. In either reading, how one treats the Line speaker and the meaning of the fragments raises other questions that drive one back into the poem, and each new reading raises new questions. There is what is structure in literature, no doubt that sexual disorder is technologies negative, a dominant theme, that the what is structure disorder concerns the dissociation of appetitive action from the intellectual and emotional aspects that would make the action human and not merely a reflex action, and Honesty Essay, that the symptoms of disorder are common to such characters as the typist, Mr.

Eugenides, Mrs. Porter, Elizabeth I, Tiresias, Philomel, and the Fisher King. Add to this the is structure abiding sense of death and its meaning, and the spiritual teachings of Buddhism and Line Essay, the mystery religions (Christianity among them), and new complexities emerge, as do new questions that only the Thunder can answer. The poems last verse paragraph displays little overt coherence once the Fisher King asks his question, but it does nevertheless offer a direct key to understanding the poem. In Literature. That the Fisher King has traversed the arid plains, has put them behind him and now may have some power to set his kingdom in order, provides a sense of closure.

In the next line (1. Stories Hsc. 427), London Bridge, crossed by so many who had been undone by death in what is structure, the unreal City (part 1), is falling down: This action will end the procession of dead commuters; in the nursery rhyme there is no adequate means to rebuild the bridge permanently. The next line is from Dante, who is a source for many of the attitudes, emotions, and the david, possibly the situational contexts of many of the poems speakers: Here Arnaut Daniel, suffering in Purgatory for sins of lust, leaps back into the refining fire of his own accord; this may be seen as a gloss on the Fire Sermon and is structure in literature, as a cure for the various forms of lust in the entire poem. There follow lines from high, Pervigilium Veneris, a reference to Philomela (echoes of parts 2 and 3) and from Gerard de Nervals El desdichado. This last may have metapoetical implications for the authorial Eliot and may also recall another quest for rightful inheritancein Sir Walter Scotts novel Ivanhoe (1819). What Is Structure In Literature. In These fragments I have shored against my ruins (1. 430), these fragments are the preceding 429 lines, the immediately preceding seven lines, the fragmented speeches, the fragments of poetic and religious traditions, and The Importance, the fragments of verses composed over many years to form the poem itself. The reference to Thomas Kyds The Spanish Tragedy (pr. c. What In Literature. 1585, 1. 431), in which Hieronymo proposes to fit a play using fragments of poetry in several languages (tongues) could, as Bernard Bergonzi indicates, comment directly on The Waste Land itself. The penultimate line repeats the Thunders statements, giving them more point; and hsc, the final lines translated by Eliot as equivalent to The Peace which passeth understanding. What do these keys unlock? Surely they suggest what a reader should know of European and Eastern literary, cultural, and religious traditions to grasp some of the what is structure poems meanings.

They may also serve to help the physics reader see, to paraphrase Eliot, the end in the beginning and the beginning in the end. Having come to the end of the poem, one must be prepared to read it anew from the beginning. Bernard Bergonzi, following C. K. Steads analysis of the pattern and meaning of Four Quartets , provides an invaluable guide to the significance of each of the poems five sections. The Burial of the Dead concerns movement in time (seasons, change, reluctant birth); A Game of Chess reveals patent dissatisfaction with worldly experience; The Fire Sermon leads through purgation in the world and a divesting of the soul of love for created things; Death by what is structure in literature, Water is a brief lyric containing a warning and an invocation; What the Thunder Said deals with the issues of spiritual health and artistic wholeness. To read the work as a poem about the artists concern for artistic wholeness allied to spiritual health offers extraordinary and suggestive possibilities for revaluing it and the poetry that preceded it. The Hollow Men has often been read as a poem written at the nadir of the poets emotional life, a depressing and depressed poem. This may be a correct reading; it may also be, however much it is of Academic Honesty Essay, favored by scores of writers who seek autobiographical confessions in Eliots poetry, wide of the mark. The poem seems, indeed, to have been composed from fragments discarded from earlier drafts of The Waste Land . Again, voice and fragment should guide the wary reader.

The epigraph, from Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness (1902), should put the reader on guard: The speech is that of an is structure African worker reporting the death of The Assembly Mr. Kurtz to Conrads narrator-once-removed, Marlow, whose account is passed on to the reader by one who heard him tell the tale. The reader is, like the hollow men, at several removes from anything like experience at firsthand; and several emotional layers separate Conrads reader from what, Kurtz: Eliot adds another emotional layer of separation but strikes a responsive note of technologies effects limited sympathy in his readers who have read Conrad. This is only one small reflection of the ways in which Heart of Darkness stands in relation to this poem and, by extension, to in literature The Waste Land and The Importance of Academic Essay, its preface, Gerontion. This poem, like earlier poems and the later Ash Wednesday , is obsessed with death. One of what is structure in literature Dantes dead, a hollow man ( Inferno , 3) who lived, without blame and without praise, a life of accidia, addresses the reader in self-explanation and communal confession. Two other major sources inform the poem and The Importance of Academic, quicken the sense of death: the history of the what in literature Gunpowder Plot and the Elizabethan dramatic account of assassination found in The Importance of Academic Honesty, Shakespeares Julius Caesar (pr. c. 1599-1600, in which the phrase hollow men occurs). The reader is clearly in the presence of the dead, just as Dantes Pilgrim listened to the hollow men, who were neither for is structure in literature Jehovah nor against him, in the Hell of technologies their own making. Like the addressee of Heart of is structure Darkness , the reader hears, perhaps seated in a club chair, a story of Marlow telling a tale prompted by his observation that his present location (seated on day of high school a yawl on the Thames) was once one of the dark places of the earth (and may still be so).

In each case, the reader/addressee is what is structure, told a story of darkness, a story of the Shadow, a story of failure and, ultimately, of inconsequence, a story told to pass the time. In Ash Wednesday , so named for the first day of Lent, a day for physics the turnings of Christian metanoia, Dantes mysticism and its correlative tension between flesh and spirit are elaborated. The situation of which the voice speaks, a conversion that is not without difficulty and contention, is told not in logical, sequential narrative but in a disciplined Symbolist dream. Here, for is structure in literature example, the Lady subsumes many ladies (the rejected one of blessed face, Beatrice, Theologia, Ecclesia) and Eliots earlier expressions of dehumanization (such as the classic ragged claws of The Love Song of J. First Day Of High. Alfred Prufrock) now become expressions of Christian humility. Unquestionably influenced by Eliots own turning to the Anglican Church in 1928, this poem, together with the Ariel poems, represents poetic pilgrimages of hope that do not necessarily find resolution of the tensions between flesh and in literature, spirit but that indicate possibilities for subliminal resolution in discovery, transcendence. The assured masterpiece of his poetic maturity, Four Quartets is more immediately accessible than Eliots early and middle work. The poems that comprise it, like his earlier poetry, grew incrementally from Burnt Norton, which sprang from is structure in literature, lines discarded from Murder in the Cathedral , to Little Gidding, with East Coker and The Dry Salvages intervening. Statue. Unlike his earlier poetry, the poems of Four Quartets lack a dramatic character who speaks; instead, they are in the lyric tradition of direct poetic speech in which the speaker has a constant voice that may well be the poets own. Unfortunately, the speaker sometimes assumes the hortatory voice of the preacher. This shift in is structure in literature, poetic style, away from masks and personae, is a new element in physics, Eliots verse.

Each of the poems adopts a musical and frequently iterative pattern, as if the what reader is meant to hear the instrumental conversations endemic to musical quartets. Effects. In reading these poems, one is frequently reminded of Walter Paters dictum that all art continually aspires to the condition of music. The poems are set pieces in the eighteenth century tradition of verse inspired by a visit to a specific place. Taken together, they constitute some of Eliots most beautiful (and, in places, most banal) poetry, as the lyricist adopts a consistent poetic voice that muses on the process of cognition and what in literature, composition. The essential structure of first school these poems, filled as they are with local references dear to Eliot, follows the five-part structure of The Waste Land . C. K. Stead admirably analyzes the what fivefold structure of each of the sections of Four Quartets as follows: the movement of time, in which brief moments of physics of music eternity are caught; worldly experience, leading only to dissatisfaction; purgation in the world, divesting the soul of what in literature love of created things; a lyric prayer for, or affirmation of the need of, intercession; and the problems of of music attaining artistic wholeness which become analogues for, and merge into, the problems of achieving spiritual health. The poems of Four Quartets in some way negate, by their affirmations, the fragmented, disparate, and unreal elements in Eliots earliest poems, but on the whole, they present a synthesis of is structure in literature Eliots poetic concerns and his varied statements about the problems and business of first school being a poet.

They stand not at the end of what his artistic career but at the summit of his career as a poet whose later work, in both bulk and intensity, is minimal. Four Quartets constitutes a compendium of the themes that Eliot pursued from his earliest days as a poet, but with the decided difference that sex has become part of love, belief has been ratified, and the world has become flesh again. The fire and of music, the rose are one. Access our T. S. What In Literature. Eliot Study Guide for Free. T. S. Eliot Homework Help Questions. The following quote was taken from T. S. Eliot's poem Little Gidding: We shall not cease from exploration and the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we began and to know the. For T.S. Eliot and certainly other poets, writing poetry can indeed be an first day of school escape from emotion and personality.

For others, poetry is actually a way to is structure in literature process their emotions and demonstrate who. T. S. Eliot's poem Marina is based on a play by William Shakespeare, Pericles, Prince of Tyre. In this play, the protagonist Pericles survives a rather improbable series of shipwrecks. Day Of High School. In the. T. S. What Is Structure. Eliot is often considered one of the most important and the david, also one of the is structure most emblematic literary figures of the twentieth century.

As a leading proponent and practitioner of literary. T.S Eliot's essay Tradition and the Individual Talent is very metaphysical in stories, its concepts; definitions of his main points are only understood within the context of the quantum metaphysical.

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Nov 23, 2017 What is structure in literature,

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Contrastive analysis and error analysis in respect of their treatment of the avoidance phenomenon. Term Paper (Advanced seminar) 2003 27 Pages. Chapter I. What In Literature. Theoretical implications on contrastive and error analysis. 1. Contrastive Analysis. 2. Error Analysis. 3. Short overview of the advantages and weak points of contrastive analysis and error analysis and presentation of the thesis.

Chapter II. Avoidance phenomenon. 2. Avoidable language elements. Chapter III. Discussion of the thesis. 1. Avoidance of Phrasal Verbs A Case for the david Contrastive Analysis by Dagut and Laufer (1985) 2. Avoidance. Grammatical or Semantic Causes? by Hulstijn and Marchena (1989)

3. Avoidance behaviour in adult second language acquisition by Kleinmann (1977) There exist two different approaches for the identification of possible learning problems in in literature, the second language acquisition: contrastive analysis and error analysis. A number of proponents of an the david, error analysis approach claim that contrastive analysis cannot serve as an adequate tool for identifying the areas of difficulty for learners of a second language. What. But on the other hand, it has been noticed that error analysis is not able to explain the avoidance phenomenon, since error analysis registers only the errors done by learners of a second language (Schachter 1974). Avoidance behaviour represents a communicative strategy of a learner of a second language by which the learner prefers using a simpler form instead of the target linguistic element for the reason of difficulty on of Academic the part of the target feature. Consequently, avoidance behaviour serves as a manifestation of learning problems, and its results should be definitely considered when compiling language syllabi and tests (Laufer and Eliasson 1993). And since error analysis does not consider and is not able to explain the avoidance phenomenon, it cannot be observed as an adequate approach for what assisting teachers of a second language with learning materials. In this paper, we set a goal to compare contrastive analysis with the error analysis approach in respect of their treatment of avoidance behaviour.

We will consider several researches on avoidance behaviour and will show that contrastive analysis does predict the avoidance phenomenon in most cases and, therefore, gives a complete description of the areas of difficulty for learners of a second language. We suppose that we can come across the cases in which the avoidance phenomenon would not manifest itself although it has been predicted by contrastive analysis. In addition, we do not exclude the possibility to discovery stories hsc, find the cases in what is structure in literature, which avoidance behaviour would come into being despite the negative predictions made on the basis of physics, contrastive analysis. In these both cases we will show that the predictions of contrastive analysis are necessary, but not sufficient for the explanation of the avoidance behaviour. In order to submit sufficient information for the explanation of the avoidance phenomenon, supplemental information concerning various affective characteristics such as confidence, levels of anxiety, motivation, and risk-taking has to be added to what is structure, the predictions of contrastive analysis.

We will also show that several additions to the contrastive analysis have to be made. The Assembly Line Essay. Thus, along with the contrastive analysis hypothesis that different features of two languages are difficult to learn, it is necessary to point out a special case: features of a second language which do not exist in the native language can sometimes be easier to learn due to the effect of novelty. We will also suggest a proof for the fact that avoidance, as an evidence for is structure in literature learning problems, can also occur despite structural similarities of two languages, i.e. in contradiction to the statement of contrastive analysis that similar linguistic features are easy to technologies negative effects, learn. For this case of avoidance we will show that learning problems and, consequently, avoidance behaviour can be caused by a comparison of what in literature, forms not only between two languages, but also within the system of a second language. In addition, we will show that linguistic features of of Academic Honesty Essay, two languages similar in form can also cause learning difficulty through their functional differences. In order to prove our suppositions, we will consider more closely the following studies: Avoidance of Phrasal verbs A Case for Contrastive Analysis by Dagut and in literature Laufer (1985), Avoidance. Grammatical or Semantic Causes? by Hulstijn and Marchena (1989), Avoidance behaviour in adult second language acquisition by Kleinmann (1977). The reason for our choice of the articles is the fact that these studies exemplify 3 possible situations which can occur when contrastive analysis is applied to in order to explain the phenomenon of avoidance: 1) predictions of the david, learning difficulty made on the basis of contrastive analysis are confirmed through the manifestation of avoidance behaviour; 2) contrastive analysis predicts no learning difficulty; however, learners resort to an avoidance strategy; 3) contrastive analysis predicts a learning difficulty and the manifestation of avoidance behaviour, but the later cannot be observed.

With the help of the articles mentioned above, we will provide evidence for and explanation of these possible cases. Chapter I. Theoretical implications on contrastive and error analysis. Banathy, Trager, and Waddle (1966) define the is structure in literature idea of the contrastive analysis (the strong version) as follows: the change that has to take place in the language behavior of a foreign language student can be equated with the differences between the structure of the students native language and of Academic Honesty culture and that of the target language and culture. The task of the what in literature linguist, the cultural anthropologist, and the sociologist is to identify these differences. Physics. The task of the writer of a foreign language teaching program is to develop materials which will be based on a statement of these differences; the task of the foreign language teacher is to be aware of these differences and to be prepared to teach them; the what is structure task of the student is to learn them. Schachter (1974) defines the contrastive analysis more detailed as a point by statue point analysis of the is structure in literature phonological, morphological, syntactic, or other subsystem of two languages. Proponents of the contrastive analysis believe that such a comparison would allow to develop a most effective teaching programme and negative teaching materials. Such a belief is based on the assumption that it is necessary to identify the points of difficulty which foreign language learners come across.

According to the contrastive analysis hypothesis, the learning problem and area of interference would occur at the points where two languages differ. According to Schachter, investigators can analyse and compare two theoretically compatible linguistic descriptions of one of these subsystems of language A and language B, and due to such a comparison they can discover the differences and is structure in literature the similarities between the two languages given, which provides a base for making predictions about what will be difficult for a speaker of language A who attempts to learn language B. Proponents of this approach assume that it will be easier to learn similar features and that differences between the elements of the native and the target languages will be harder to acquire. In other words, the discovery stories contrastive analysis hypothesis says that positive transfer would occur where two languages are similar; where they are different, negative transfer, or interference, would result. From the point of behaviourism, language acquisition is a product of habit formation. Habits are constructed through the repeated association between some stimulus and response.

Second language learning, then, is viewed as a process of overcoming the habits of the native language in order to acquire the new habits of the target language. This is to what in literature, be accomplished through the pedagogical practices of day of high, dialogue memorization, imitation and pattern practice. Is Structure. The contrastive analysis hypothesis was important to physics of music, this view of language learning, since if trouble spots in the target language could be anticipated, errors might be prevented. In this way, the formation of bad habits could be avoided. Wardhaugh (1970) proposed a distinction between a strong version and a weak version of the contrastive analysis hypothesis. The strong version involves predicting errors in what is structure, second language learning based upon an a priori contrastive analysis of the first and a second language. In the weak version, however, researchers start with learner errors and stories explain them by pointing to the similarities and differences between two languages. Thus, the contrastive analysis hypothesis is still claimed to possess a posteriori explanatory power. As such, it was useful in a broader approach to detecting the source of error, namely error analysis.

Contrastive analysis a posteriori is said to be a subcomponent of the more encompassing field of error analysis. What Is Structure In Literature. The proponents of error analysis point out that the contrastive analysis hypothesis pays attention only to predicting what the learner will do, and does not pay any attention to the study of what the learner actually does. They also claim that many errors do not result from native language interference but rather from the strategies employed by the learner in the acquisition of the first school target language and also from mutual interference of items within the target language. Error analysis provided support to Chomskys theory of is structure in literature, language acquisition. Chomskys view was that language acquisition was not a product of habit formation but rather one of rule formation. According to statue, Chomsky, humans possessed a certain innate predispositions to induce the rules of the is structure target language from the input to which they were exposed. Negative. Once acquired, these rules would allow learners to create and comprehend novel utterances which they would not have understood or produced if they were limited to imitating input from the environment.

Thus, error analysis provided a prove for the fact that children acquiring their first language, first, internalized certain rules and is structure then mastered limitations of these rules, which indicated that the children were not simply repeating forms from the input they encountered. Especially important in this respect was the The Assembly Essay fact that second language learners were found to is structure, commit similar developmental errors, i.e. Essay. errors that were not apparently due to the first language interference. And thus, the process of is structure in literature, second language was also thought to be one of rule formation in which the rules were acquired through a process of hypothesis formation and testing. After exposure to the target language, learners would form hypotheses about the nature of certain rules. They would then test their hypotheses when producing the target language utterances. Learners would modify their hypotheses about the nature of the target language rules so that their utterances increasingly conformed to the david statue, the target language. At this point it becomes evident that the view of learners from an error analysis perspective differs vastly from the view of learners from the contrastive analysis perspective. Is Structure. In the later, errors are the result of the intrusion of the the david statue first language habits over which the learner had no control. From an what is structure in literature, error analysis perspective, the learner is high, no longer seen to be a passive recipient of the target language input, but rather plays an active role, processing input, generating hypotheses, testing and refining them, and determining the ultimate target language level he or she will attain.

The fact that the what is structure learner determines the of Academic Essay level of proficiency he or she is what is structure in literature, going to achieve can be explained in terms of an interlanguage and fossilization. The concept of effects, interlanguage can be thought of as a continuum between the first and what is structure in literature a second language along which all learners traverse. At any point of the continuum the learners language is systematic and The Importance Honesty Essay rule-governed. The phenomenon of fossilization, in its turn, claims that fossilizable linguistic phenomena are kept by in literature speakers in their interlanguage relative to a particular target language. Line Essay. Thus, the motivation to improve vanishes as soon as the learners interlanguage grammar is sufficiently developed to enable the learner to communicate. Another important finding of error analysis is the error taxonomy. It was found that learners committed two types of in literature, errors. Day Of School. Interlingual errors are those induced by in literature the first language. Intralingual errors are errors committed by second language learners regardless of their first language.

Such errors are believed to Essay, deal with the strategies that second language learners adopt. Thus, the following types of intralingual errors were found: overgeneralization, simplification, communication-based errors and induced errors. 3. Short overview of the what in literature advantages and the david statue weak points of what, contrastive analysis and error analysis and presentation of the thesis. The weak point of error analysis is the fact that it provides no access to the whole picture of second language acquisition. By means of error analysis, it is only possible to discovery short, identify what second language learners do wrong. Thus, error analysis is not able to is structure, show what makes second language learners successful. Another problem with error analysis is the difficulty to identify the unitary source of an error. And the third drawback of this approach is the fact that it fails to the david statue, account for all areas in which learners can have difficulty. This statement can be proved by considering the avoidance phenomenon and what the degree to which error analysis allows or does not allow to account for this phenomenon.

Concerning contrastive analysis, one can say that it has two weak points. Stories. On the one hand it overpredicts possible learning difficulty. On the other hand, there exist situations in which contrastive analysis underpredicts points of difficulty. At this point, we will not give any examples to explain these statements, since the explanation and the evidence will be provided in the further chapters. Our thesis reads: contrastive analysis does predict the avoidance phenomenon in what, most cases and, therefore, gives a complete description of the areas of difficulty for learners of a second language. According to Van Els, Bongaerts, Extra, Van Os, and Janssen-Van Dieten (1984), avoidance behavior is taken as a cognitive strategy, implying a choice on the part of the L2 learner (Faerch und Kaper, 1984). Line. It is one of the communicative strategies used by L2 learners in order to cope with a communicative difficulty. Instead of an expression or word in the target language which presents some difficulty in what is structure in literature, the speech production, learners use another expression that is perceived by them as simpler and that conveys more or less the same content as the expression avoided. In other words, learners use in their communication those linguistic means that make them feel safe from error and adopt a so called play-it-safe strategy. One should distinguish between the avoidance phenomenon and ignorance, since they are not one and the same thing.

As Laufer and Eliasson (1993) assumed, complete ignorance and fullfledged knowledge are states of mind and first school are seen as the what in literature end points of a scale or continuum relating to the amount of mentally stored or memorized information in a given area. Avoidance, on the other hand, is seen as a strategy or process for proceeding and The Assembly Line conveying information and what is structure can apply anywhere along this scale (Laufer and Eliasson 1993). Avoidance behavior implies that a learner is aware of a given word or expression of the target language, and that a learner makes an intentional choice to replace that feature of the target language by day of something else. What Is Structure In Literature. At the presystematic stage of The Importance of Academic Essay, learning (Corder 1973) a learner cannot be said to is structure in literature, be avoiding a given syntactic structure, morpheme, or lexical item, because he does not have it in his linguistic repertoire (Kleinmann 1977). According to Kleinmann, one can speak of avoidance when the structure in question is known, but not freely used by the learner, otherwise it is no genuine case of avoidance, but rather an indication of of music, ignorance. One cannot avoid doing something which he is unable to do, since to is structure, be able to avoid something presupposes the ability to first high school, choose not to avoid, i.e., to what in literature, use it.

The learner must be at least passively familiar with 2 alternatives to discovery short, express some idea, which means that the reason for avoidance is not ignorance. Laufer and Eliasson (1993) note that avoidance does not necessarily result in error. What Is Structure In Literature. But it is technologies negative effects, surely a sign of the underrepresentation of certain linguistic features in the learners performance in a second language.